ESPE Abstracts (2016) 86 P-P1-256

The Incidence of Type 1 Diabetes in the Pediatric Population in Pomeranian Region in Poland

Agnieszka Brandt, Ilona Derkowska & Malgorzata Mysliwiec


Clinic of Pediatric, Diabetology and Endocrinology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland


Background: It is observed from nearly 50 years that the incidence of diabetes worldwide is increasing. Also the incidence of type 1 diabetes, which is most common in paediatric population, rises across Europe.

Objective and hypotheses: The aim of the study was to analyze the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Poland in Pomeranian province in the years 2005, 2010 and 2015. The hypothesis was an increased incidence of type 1 diabetes.

Method: Data from the years 2005, 2010 and 2015 was analysed and the number of new cases of diabetes diagnosed in children in Pomerania was calculated.

Results: In 2005, type 1 diabetes was diagnosed in 67, in 2010 in 85 and in 2015 in 115 children. In the age group 0–4 years – 13 cases of diabetes were diagnosed in 2005 and accordingly 25 in 2010 and 17 in 2015. In the group aged 5–9 years – 22 cases in 2005, 24 cases in 2010 and 49 cases in 2015 were diagnosed. In group aged 10–14 years the overall number of new diagnoses in the years 2005, 2010 and 2015 were 25, 29 and 33, respectively. In the group aged 15–18 years in 2005 – seven cases were reported, in 2010 also seven cases of diabetes, and in 2015 – 15. In the group aged 0–14 years, the incidence of diabetes has changed from 15.8/100 000 in 2005 and 21/100 000 in 2010 to 26.6/100 000 in 2015. The highest increase in incidence was reported in group aged 5–9 years from 11.4/100 000 in 2005 and 21/100 000 in 2010 to 36.8/100 000 in 2015.

Conclusion: The incidence of type 1 diabetes increased in the last 10 years in Pomeranian Province in Poland. The increase was noted particularly in the group aged 5–9 years old.

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