Background: Dyslipidemia increases the frequency and severity of micro- and macro-vascular complications of type 1 diabetes.
Objective and hypotheses: The present study aims to determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its association with clinical and laboratory findings in diabetic children and adolescents.
Methods: The study included 202 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Demographic data and laboratory findings were obtained from patients files.
Results: Dyslipidemia prevalence was found as 26.2%. Hypercholesterolemia (15.8%) and hyperglyceridemia (12.9%) were most common findings. Age, BMI, HbA1c and poor metabolic control was significantly higher in cases with dyslipidemia. Smoking rate was 14.1% in the pubertal group. Poor metabolic control and dyslipidemia was found higher among smokers (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Blood lipid levels should be monitored regularly and nutrition education should be repeated periodically to prevent and control dyslipidemia in patients with type 1 diabetes. Smoking-related risks should be a part of patient education in the pubertal period.
10 - 12 Sep 2016
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology