Background: Obesity is associated with increased risks of the disease of the reproductive organs (including breasts). Several studies mentioned correlation between obesity and increased risks for breast cancer.
Objective and hypotheses: To study the frequency and peculiarities of breasts diseases in adolescent girls with obesity.
Method: The study included 2369 adolescent girls (aged 1119 years). Gils were subjected to the clinical examination, ultrasound examination of the breast. The nonparametric method of correlation analysis by Spirmen was studied.
Results: The investigation shows that 145 (6%) girls had obesity with BMI 3039 kg/m2 and 37 (2%) patients had morbid obesity (BMI≥40 kg/m2). The macromastia was found in 19 (51%) adolescent girls with morbid obesity. The dysplasia of mammary glands (mastopathy) was diagnosed in all patients with macromastia. In half girls with obesity with BMI 3039 kg/m2 (rs=0.45) and in all the girls with morbid obesity was diagnosed fibrous mammary dysplasia (rs=1).
Conclusion: This study has shown that breast disorders have been diagnosed in every second adolescent girls with obesity (BMI 3039 kg/m2) and all the girls with morbid obesity. The obesity in adolescents is indication for mammary observation.
10 - 12 Sep 2016
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology