Introduction: Although the majority of Growth Hormone insensitivity syndrome (GHIS) cases are classical, the spectrum of clinical phenotypes has expanded to include atypical GHIS subjects with milder phenotypes due to very rare heterozygous GHR mutations with dominant negative effects.
Case description: A 13 year old pubertal boy was presented with short stature (−1.7SD) and delayed bone age (11 6/12). Final adult height was −1.8 SD, 3SD below his mid-parental height (+1.27SD). His serum IGF-I was low (16 ng/ml; reference range; 179540) with low IGFBP-3 (1.3 mg/L; 3.19.5), and ALS (565 mU/ml; 15003500). GH stimulation test was normal, and GHBP, increased (6300 pmol/L; 2403000).
Methods: The GHR gene analyzed was from genomic DNA. Primary fibroblasts were established to evaluate GHR cDNA.
Results: A novel synonymous heterozygous GHR:c.945G>A variant in exon 9 (encoding part of the intracellular domain of GHR) was identified. GHR c.945G is the last nucleotide in exon 9 and a substitution from G to A could alter the donor splice site at the junction of exon 9-intron 9. Analysis of the GHR cDNA undertaken revealed heterozygous excision of exon 9 sequences, consistent with GHR c.945G>A being a splicing defect. The loss of exon 9 generates a predicted truncated GHR protein identical to the dominant-negative heterozygous c.945+1G>A variant reported by Iida et al (JCEM, 2008).
Conclusion: We describe the first synonymous heterozygous GHR splicing variant in the intracellular domain of GHR associated with mild short stature and very low IGF-I, thus supporting the continuum of genotype, phenotype and biochemistry of GHIS.
27 - 29 Sep 2018
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology