Background: Obesity is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in the world, however the true prevalence of obesity in the RF remains at the moment insufficiently studied.
Aims: To study the age features of the prevalence obesity in boys in the Udmurt Republic - the region in European part of the Russian Federation with the children population of 335 000.
Methods: 4795 boys aged 117 years were surveyed, among them 2368 (49.4%) were city dwellers, 2427 (50.6%) - rural dwellers. Diagnostic criteria of overweight and obesity in children recommended by WHO (2007) were used. Age features of the disease were analyzed in groups of 13 years, 37 years, 712 years, 1215 years, over 15 years. The prevalence of obesity was estimated at 100 surveyed.
Results: Overweight was detected in 17.2% (in age groups from 13.5% to 22.2%), obesity in 8.7% (in age groups from 4.4% to 12.4%). The results of the epidemiological study exceed the official statistics by 8.4 times. The peak of overweight prevalence was registered in boys of 13 years (22.2±1.6%), peak of obesity prevalence - in boys of 712 (12.4±0.9%). The lowest prevalence rates of both overweight and obesity are registered in the age group over 15 years (13.5±1.3% and 4.4±0.8%). No significant differences in the incidence of obesity between rural and city dwellers were registered (9.3±0.6% and 8.2±0.6%, P>0.05). In patients with obesity BMI within 2 2.5 SD was registered in 58.7%, 2.6 3,0 SD in 26.0%, 3.1 3.9 SD in 12.6%, > 4.0 SD in 2.7%.
Conclusions: The study shows a high prevalence of overweight and obesity among boys in the region and actualizes the problem for clinical.
27 - 29 Sep 2018
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology