ESPE Abstracts (2019) 92 P2-118

Impact of a Comprehensive Program, on Prevalence of Childhood Obesity in Andalusia, Spain

Rocio Hernández-Soto1, Juan Manuel Saenz-Lussagnet1, Luis Gabriel Luque-Romero1, Alvaro Alcaide-Gantes1, Inmaculada Reina-Ceballos1, Silvia Sicre-Alonso1, Ana Maria Reales-Arroyo1, Begoña Gil-Barcenilla2


1Primary Care District Aljarafe-Sevilla Norte, Sevilla, Spain. 2Andalusian Public Health System, Sevilla, Spain


Introduction: Childhood obesity means a Public Health problem. It is related to chronic diseases in adults, a decrease in quality of life, and an increase in social and sanitary costs. In Spain, the National Health Service (ENSE 2017) stood the prevalence of overweight in toddler between 2 to 7 years old, in 18,26% and obesity in 10,30%, no differences between sex. In 2015 the prevalence of overweight and obesity in childhood are 21, 3 % and 6, 2 %, respectively. In Andalusia, PIOBIN: Integral Program against Childhood obesity in its lines of action, promotion of breastfeeding, healthy diet, exercise and interventions in families, are dedicated to reduce the prevalence of this epidemic.

Purpose: Analyzing the variation of prevalence of overweight in Andalusia, based on criteria of International Labour Organization, finding the relationship between the preventive activities and PIOBIN.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study, in the Andalusian population in 2014 to 2016.

Results: From 2014 to 2016, the activities in promotion of healthy ways of life have been increased (The Fruit Plan at schools, involved 271291 to 396029 students, and Community Activities, increased from 205 to 320, respectively). On the other side, individual and group activities decreased in 18, 5% and 16%. Overweight and obesity, decreased from 24, 6% to 21,3%, and from 8,9% to 6,2% (OIT criteria)

Conclusions: Multidisciplinary structured interventions may help in the decrease of the prevalence rate in overweight in Andalusia.