Background: Currently, little information is available on current growth status according to birth weight at gestational age (BWGA) on Korean adolescents. Herein, the current height and weight of Korean adolescents who were born as small for gestational age (SGA) were compared to those of the non-SGA groups.
Methods: Data from the population-based nationwide Korean survey 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2007-2009), 843 children and adolescents (aged 118 years) who had birth data and current anthropometric data were used. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate ORs (95% CIs) for the associations of SGA and catch-up growth status adjusting for potential infant- and parent-related confounding factors.
Results: From the birth history of adolescents, the prevalence of SGA was 13.9% (n = 193) in male and 12.8% (n = 191) in female,[d2] respectively. SGA children had a chance to have Father's short stature or mother's short stature (OR, 10.42 ; 95% CI, 5.55-19.56). Fifteen percent of term SGA infants failed to catch up in height. Furthermore, SGA children without catch-up growth were at increased risk for short height (OR, 3.85; 95% CI, 1.19-12.47) at 16-18 years of age.
Conclusion: The infants born SGA may be at increased risk for short stature in Korean adolescence.
19 - 21 Sep 2019
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology