Background: Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is one of monogenic diabetes caused by a single gene defect. To date, 13 MODY genes have been identified. However, there is big discrepancy in genetic locus between the Asian MODY patients and Caucasians one.
Objective and hypotheses: We conducted the whole exome sequencing in Korean clinical MODY families to identify novel variants for MODY and compare the result with Caucasians one.
Method: The six clinical MODY probands and their family members were included for exome sequencing. To identify the disease causing mutations, the variants in dbSNP135 and TIARA database for Korean and the variants with minor allele frequencies >0.5% of the 1000 g were excluded. We selected only the functional variants (gain of stop codon, frameshifts, and nonsynonymous SNV resulting in disruption of canonical splice cites) and conduct a casecontrol comparison in the family members. The selected variants were scanned for the interested gene list for MODY.
Results: All exonic regions were 18 98120 178 in six probands. After filtering, the functional variants were 224250. After casecontrol method, variants with possibility of causing the disease were 3163 in each one side pedigree. After scanning for the interested gene list for MODY, three novel variants, c.620C>T; p.Thr207Ile in PTPRD, c.559C>G; p.Gln187Glu in SYT9, and c.1526T>G; p.Val509Gly in WFS1 were identified in three families respectively.
Conclusion: We could not find any disease causative alleles among known MODY 113 genes. We confirmed again that there is huge discrepancy between Asian and Caucasian races in the case of generic variants of MODY. Further evaluation is necessary about the role of PTPRD, SYT9, and WFS1 in glucose metabolism and normal insulin release from pancreatic beta cell in the future.
20 - 22 Sep 2014
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology