Introduction: The highest prevalence of children and adolescents with obesity in Europe is observed in the south countries. This epidemic is related to unhealthy eating patterns, decreased physical activity and increased inactivity.
Objective: To determine the relationship between adiposity degree and physical activity and inactivity in children and adolescents.
Methods: 338 children from 6 to 8 years of age (x=11.11 years); boys 52.4% (n=177), girls 47.6% (n=161) attended in a Pediatric Nutrition Unit. Adiposity degree (BMI, Cole et al. 2000) was stratified. Physical activity and inactivity was evaluated using a validate questionnaire. The date analysis were conducted with Statistical SPSS 19.
Results: 60.4% (n=204) are obese. 69.9% (n=200) use any type of public transport or by car. Only 12.2% (n=36) walking 15 min or more to school. 55.8% (n=189) not belong a sports club. 58.6% (n=198) watch television while eating. The number of obese who walk to school is greater than non obese (37.1% (n=59) vs 21.3% (n=2)) P=0.002. Although 91.2% (n=166) of obese children walk <15 min and non obese 82.3% (n=93)) P=0.023. The number of obese who belong to a sports club is less than non-obese (39.2% (n=80) vs 51.9% (n=70)) P=0.022. The number of obese who watch television while eating is greater than non-obese (60.8% (n=124) vs 55.2% (n=74)) P=0.33.
Conclusion: A significant proportion of children start their day without physical activity, do not belong to any sports club and eat in front of television, these unhealthy habits are more frequent in the obese group. Thus the action on aspects must be part of the prevention and intervention strategies.
20 - 22 Sep 2014
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology