Background: Obesity is one of the factors of musculo-skeletal disorder by its weight stress. It can change body shape and axis of weight balance, especially in growth, which can affect skeletal curvature.
Objective and hypotheses: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of spinal abnomalies in elementary school entry children and evaluate some cofactors related to obesity in child.
Method: In a cross-sectional study of 1 450 people between 20 000 and pre-school pupil arriving in Qom province was selected as a cluster (Sons: 830, and girls: 620) and examined. the variables of height, weight, BMI, percent body fat, waist-hip ratio were measured. Based on the cut off were classified to four groups underweight, normal, overweight and obese. Then, using the checkerboard test, three students in New York and plummet height lateral, posterior and anterior were assessed. The data using descriptive and inferential statistics, χ2, t-test and correlation analysis were used.
Results: Most abnormalities of the lumbar lordosis in the obese group with 6/69% and minimum flat back 6/0% in under weight\.regression results indicate that the incidence of spinal deformities, only two variables, BMI and gender effects and 179% higher in obese children compared to children who are underweight and 45% more girls than boys are affected.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates the high prevalence of spinal deformities in children before school age. Also can be normal BMI as a significant protective factor against known skeletal disorder.
01 Oct 2015 - 03 Oct 2015