Background: Obesity is an increasing problem among children and adolescents in recent decades however official statistics are contradictory.
Objective and hypotheses: The purpose of this epidemiological study was to determine the prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents in the Udmurt Republic the region in European part of the Russian Federation with a child population of 300 thousand people.
Method: According to the experiment 5732 children 117 years (boys 2 845, girls 2 887), among them the inhabitants of the cities1 090, rural inhabitants4 642, were examined. Diagnostic criteria of obesity in children is recommended by the World Health Organization were used.
Results: The prevalence of overweight was 16.7±0.7%, the prevalence of obesity was 7.1±0.3%. Gender features were characterized by a significantly higher (P<0.001) frequency of obesity in boys (9.0±0.5%) compared with girls (5.2±0.4%), with no differences in the frequency of overweight (17.4±0.7% and 16.1±0.7% respectively). In accordance with the age, two peak prevalence of obesity were registered: children 13 years (12.2±1.7%) and 712 years (8.6±0.6%). There were not any significant differences in the frequency of obesity among urban and rural residents (7.4±0.4% and 5.9±0.7%, P>0.05). In the structure of obese patients 57.0% had BMI in the range of 2 to 2.5 S.D., 27.5% had BMI in the range of 2.63.0 S.D., 13.0% had BMI in the range of 3.13.9 S.D. and 2.5% had BMI in the range of ≧4.0 S.D.
Conclusion: The results motivate paediatricians to devote more time to the problem of obesity.
01 Oct 2015 - 03 Oct 2015