hrp0084fc6.6 | Gonads & DSD | ESPE2015

Frequency of Gonadal Tumour in Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: a Retrospective Case-Series Analysis

Chaudhry Saduf , Tadokoro-Cuccaro Rieko , Hughes Ieuan , Acerini Carlo

Background: Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) is an X-linked recessive disorder of sex development (DSD) where affected individuals are phenotypically female but have a XY karyotype and testes. With increasing age there is an increased risk of malignant gonadal change, with incidence rates variously reported from 3.6 to 14%. Consequently, gonadectomy is recommended either during childhood or after puberty is complete, although there is no consensus on the optimal...

hrp0089rfc3.5 | Diabetes and Insulin 1 | ESPE2018

Recent Secular Change in Pre- and Postnatal Growth and Adiposity in Infants of Mothers with Gestational Diabetes

Olga Laurentya , Prentice Philippa , Hughes Ieuan , Acerini Carlo , Ong Ken , Dunger David

Objective: Typically, infants born to mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (IOGDM) have greater risks for macrosomia, later obesity and metabolic diseases. However, we have noticed that birth weights of IOGDM have reduced over the last decade even with uniform application of the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group’s (IADPSG) consensus definition. We therefore compared infancy growth outcomes from two IOGDM cohorts born during non-overlapp...

hrp0086fc10.5 | Perinatal Endocrinology | ESPE2016

Effects of Developmental Bisphenol A Exposure on Spermatozoal microRNA Expression

Fisher Benjamin , Sandovici Ionel , Braukmann Fabian , Frederiksen Hanne , Constancia Miguel , Miska Eric , Acerini Carlo

Background: Bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous endocrine-disrupting chemical, has been shown to exert transgenerational effects on adiposity, metabolism, and reproductive outcomes in rodents, indicating epigenetic inheritance. Recent studies of other environmental insults (stress and high-fat diet) have demonstrated a mechanistic role for spermatozoal microRNAs in the transgenerational transmission of acquired paternal traits.Objective and hypotheses: To as...

hrp0082p1-d3-127 | Fat Metabolism & Obesity (2) | ESPE2014

Infancy Lipidomic Analyses and Associations with Early Nutrition and Growth

Prentice Philippa , Koulman Albert , Matthews Lee , Acerini Carlo , Ong Ken , Dunger David

Background: Links between early life exposures and long-term health outcomes may in part be due to nutritional programming, and suggested benefits of breast feeding during infancy include reduced risk of obesity and metabolic disease. Mechanisms remain unexplained but potential differences in lipid exposures during infancy may be involved.Objective and hypotheses: To explore the effects of breast- or formula-feeding on lipidomic profiles we used recently...

hrp0082p1-d3-94 | Sex Development | ESPE2014

Prenatal Exposure to Phthalates and Phenols in Relation to Anogenital Distance at Birth in Male Infants

Fisher Benjamin G , Thankamony Ajay , Ong Ken K , Dunger David B , Hughes Ieuan A , Acerini Carlo L

Introduction: Increasing incidence of male reproductive disorders may be due to fetal exposure to putative endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDCs), such as phthalates and phenols. Anogenital Distance (AGD) is a biomarker of fetal androgen action in animals, and has recently been linked to testicular dysgenesis syndrome in humans.Objective: To examine the relationship between prenatal phthalate and phenol exposure and birth AGD in male infants.<p class="...

hrp0082p2-d1-572 | Sex Development | ESPE2014

Anogenital Distance, Penis Growth, and Masculine Behaviour Evidence for Independent Neurobehavioral Effects of Foetal Versus Postnatal Androgen Exposure in Boys

Pasterski Vickie , Acerini Carlo , Dunger David , Ong Ken , Hughes Ieuan , Thankamony Ajay , Hines Melissa

Background: Associations between foetal androgen deficiency and variations in anogenital distance (AGD) suggest that AGD is a reliable indicator of foetal androgen exposure. Similarly, variation in postnatal penis growth associated with variations in testosterone show penis growth to be a potential biomarker of early postnatal androgen exposure. Though variation in early androgen exposure is also hypothesized to underlie neurobehavioral masculinisation, until now, no reports h...

hrp0089p2-p342 | Sex Differentiation, Gonads and Gynaecology or Sex Endocrinology P2 | ESPE2018

In-silico Gene-protein Analysis and Clinical Phenotype Characterisation of Three Novel NR5A1/SF1 Gene Mutations Presenting with 46,XY DSD

Cuccaro Rieko Tadokoro , Thankamony Ajay , Hendriks A Emile J , Alvi Sabah , Armstrong Ruth , Bruty Jonathan , A Hughes Ieuan , L Acerini Carlo

Background: Disorders of sex development (DSD) due to mutations in the NR5A1 (SF1) gene result in a highly variable phenotype.Objective: To report the clinical phenotype and the molecular/structural characteristics of the gene-protein product arising from three novel mutations of the NR5A1 (SF1) gene found in patients presenting with 46,XY DSD.Method: Phenotype determined from interrogation of clinical case notes. Interpre...

hrp0086p1-p347 | Gonads &amp; DSD P1 | ESPE2016

The International AGD Consortium: A Multi-center Study of 3939 Infants and Children with Anogenital Distance Measurements

Lindhardt Johansen Marie , Thankamony Ajay , Acerini Carlo , Kold Jensen Tina , Main Katharina M. , Holm Petersen Jorgen , Swan Shanna , Juul Anders

Background: The anogenital distance (AGD) is considered a valid marker of altered androgen action in utero. Recently, reduced AGD has been shown in males with hypospadias, cryptorchidism, reduced semen quality and infertility. It has also been proposed as a new marker to be used by clinicians when managing patients with Disorders of Sex Development. However, little normative data exist and measurement methods vary.Objective and hypotheses: We established...

hrp0084p2-256 | Diabetes | ESPE2015

Exposure to Phthalates and Phenols in Relation to Gestational Blood Glucose Homeostasis

Fisher Benjamin G. , Frederiksen Hanne , Andersson Anna-Maria , Juul Anders , Thankamony Ajay , Ong Ken K. , Dunger David B. , Hughes Ieuan A. , Acerini Carlo L.

Background: Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), such as phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA), have been associated with insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in non-pregnant adults. By contrast, recent pilot studies of pregnant women found negative associations between phthalates and blood glucose, and a lack of association with BPA. No studies have examined gestational IR or secretion in relation to EDC exposure.Objective: To confirm these re...

hrp0092p1-6 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2019

Health status of children with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency in the United Kingdom: results of a multi-centre cohort study

Bacila Irina-Alexandra , Mahdi Sundus , Acerini Carlo L , Krone Ruth , Patel Leena , Alvi Sabah , Randell Tabitha , Gevers Evelien , Dattani Mehul , Cheetham Timothy , Kyriako Andreas , Ryan Fiona , Crowne Elizabeth , Davies Justin H , Ahmed S. Faisal , Krone Nils P

Introduction: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is associated with long-term health problems. However, little is known about co-morbidities and their onset in children and young persons (CYP).Objective: To establish the health status of CYP with CAH across the United Kingdom.Methods: A multi-centre prospective study recruited 102 patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency targeting...