hrp0092s9.3 | Heterogeneity of Paediatric Diabetes | ESPE2019

Obesity Distorting Childhood Diabetes: Is it Type 2, Type 1, or MODY? A Pathophysiological Perspective

Arslanian Silva

There are modifiable and unmodifiable risk factors for youth type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Unmodifiable risk factors include genetics/epigenetics, minority race/ethnicity, and puberty. The major modifiable risk factors for youth T2DM are obesity and lifestyle habits of excess nutritional intake and decreased energy expenditure. Thus, in making a clinical diagnosis of T2DM, the major diagnostic criterion, at least in North America and Europe, is overweight/obesity. However, with the ...

hrp0084s6.3 | Type 2 Diabetes & Obesity | ESPE2015

From Obesity to Type 2 Diabetes

Arslanian Silva

With the ever escalating trajectory of childhood obesity, rates of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are on the incline. Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) constitute a state of prediabetes with high risk for the development of T2DM. Among U.S. adolescents 12–19 years of age, NHANES 2005–2006, the prevalence of IFG, IGT and prediabetes was 13.1, 3.4 and 16.1%, respectively. Overweight adolescents had a 2.6-fold higher rate tha...