hrp0089ha1 | EAP1 mutations cause an impaired transcriptional activity on GnRH promoter that leads to self-limited delayed puberty | ESPE2018

EAP1 Mutations Cause an Impaired Transcriptional Activity on GnRH Promoter that Leads to Self-Limited Delayed Puberty

Mancini Alessandra , Howard Sasha R , Cabrera Claudia P , Barnes Michael R , Heger Sabine , Guasti Leonardo , Ojeda Sergio , Dunkel Leo

Background: The initiation of puberty is orchestrated by the augmentation in the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from a few thousand neurons located in the hypothalamus. Recent findings identified that the neuroendocrine control of puberty is regulated by a network of transcriptional factors hierarchically organized, but this still remains not fully elucidated. Enhanced At Puberty 1 (EAP1) is one of the main regulators of pubertal onset and it is ex...

hrp0086fc12.2 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

LGR4 and EAP1 Mutations are Implicated in the Phenotype of Self-limited Delayed Puberty

Mancini Alessandra , Howard Sasha R , Ruiz-Babot Gerard , Cabrera Claudia P , Barnes Michael R , Guasti Leonardo , Dunkel Leo

Background: Aberrations in the timing of puberty may result in significant adverse health outcomes, including cancers, cardiovascular and neurological pathologies. Self-limited delayed puberty (DP) (i.e. constitutional delay of puberty) runs in families with either autosomal dominant or complex inheritance patterns in >70% of families, indicating a strong genetic basis of the trait. However, only a few genes have been identified underlying DP so far....

hrp0092fc8.5 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty Session 1 | ESPE2019

LGR4-Wnt β-Catenin Signalling Directs GnRH Network Development, with Defects Leading to Self-Limited Delayed Puberty

Mancini Alessandra , Howard Sasha R. , Cabrera Claudia P. , Barnes Michael R. , David Alessia , Wehkalampi Karoliina , Vassart Gilbert , Cariboni Anna , Garcia Marie Isabelle , Guasti Leonardo , Dunkel Leo

Background: The initiation of puberty is dependent upon an augmentation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus. Development of the GnRH neuroendocrine network in embryonic life depends on coordinated migration of neurons from the vomeronasal organ in the nose to the forebrain. We have previously demonstrated that dysregulation in GnRH neuronal migration leads to delayed pubertal onset. Late puberty affects up to 2% of the ...

hrp0089fc1.6 | Adrenals & HPA Axis | ESPE2018

A Novel Stem Cell Model for the Triple A Syndrome

Da Costa Alexandra Rodrigues , Qarin Shamma , Bradshaw Teisha Y. , Watson David , Prasad Rathi , Barnes Michael R. , Metherell Louise A. , Chapple J. Paul , Skarnes William C. , Storr Helen L.

Triple A syndrome (AAAS) is a rare, incurable, recessive disorder, characterised by achalasia, alacrima, adrenal failure and a neurodegenerative phenotype. The AAAS gene encodes ALADIN, is a nuclear pore complex (NPC) protein necessary for nuclear import of DNA protective molecules, important for redox homeostasis. ALADIN’s role is not fully characterised: its discovery at the centrosome and the endoplasmic reticulum suggests a role outside the NPC. To date, the ...