hrp0082s8.2 | Novel Therapies in Paediatric Endocrinology | ESPE2014

Treatment of Hypophosphatasia

Greenburg C

Hypophosphatasia (HPP), an inborn-error-of-metabolism, has broad-ranging severity caused by inactivating mutation(s) in the gene for tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). HPP in children features premature loss of deciduous teeth often with impaired skeletal mineralization, poor growth, static myopathy, and compromised physical function. To date there are no approved treatments for HPP. Perinatal and infantile forms have very high morbidity and mortality and the j...

hrp0089mte1.1 | The Role of Radiology in the Diagnosis of Skeletal Dysplasias | ESPE2018

The Role of Radiology in the Diagnosis of Skeletal Dysplasias

Offiah Amaka C

Skeletal dysplasias are conditions in which there is an abnormality of bone and/or cartilage growth, which may show phenotypic evolution throughout life. They are genetically and radiologically heterogeneous, with accurate diagnosis requiring careful correlation of clinical, genetic and radiological information. Presentation may be with unexplained short stature, and this, in the presence of disproportion is the most common indication for a skeletal survey within paediatric en...

hrp0084s10.3 | Growth plate in chronic diseases | ESPE2015

Bone Health in Chronic Disease

Wong Jarod S C

Abnormal bone development is commonly seen in children with chronic disease. However, fragility fractures in the young individual may be less common compared to older adults, which may be due to under recognition. The underlying chronic condition and medication can impact on bone turnover, modelling, bone mineral homeostasis, growth, pubertal development and muscle mass. The diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in children and adolescents with chronic disease remains conte...

hrp0092s10.3 | Brain development and sex: Is it Chromosomes or Hormones? | ESPE2019

How Hormones Impact on Emotion and Cognition – New Insights From Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Müller Sven C

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain in disorders of sexual development (DSD) is still relatively scarce despite the opportunities it offers for understanding the influence of sex hormones on emotion and cognition. In this talk I will give an update on current structural and functional MRI research in different DSDs such as Klinefelter syndrome, Turner syndrome, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, or Familial Male Precocious Puberty. Finally, parallels will be drawn to cu...

hrp0082p2-d1-418 | Growth Hormone | ESPE2014

Response to GH Treatment in Patients with Silver Russell Syndrome

Smeets C C J , Renes J S , van der Steen M , Hokken-Koelega A C S

Background: Silver Russell syndrome (SRS) is characterized by low birth weight, severe postnatal short stature and distinctive facies. In ~50% of patients, (epi)genetic alterations can be detected (~40% hypomethylation of H19 on chromosome 11, ~10% maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) 7). As SRS patients are usually born small for gestational age (SGA), they are treated with GH to improve height. However, data on long-term effects of GH treatment in SRS patients are very limited....

hrp0092p2-76 | Diabetes and Insulin | ESPE2019

Coexistence of Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) and Type 1 diabetes (T1D): A management challenge

Afreh-Mensah Donald , Agwu Juliana C.

Background: Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is an autosomal recessive fatty acid β-oxidation defect. The enzyme is important in the breakdown of medium chain fats into acetyl-CoA to produce ketones, alternative energy source when glucose hepatic glycogen stores become depleted during prolonged fasting. In MCADD, during periods of fasting/ acute illness, there are insufficient ketones to compensate for the glucose energy deficit, ...

hrp0095p1-22 | Bone, Growth Plate and Mineral Metabolism | ESPE2022

Resolution of severe constipation following a switch from calcium carbonate to recombinant human PTH therapy: A case report

Apperley Louise , Jarvis C , Ramakrishnan Renuka

Hypoparathyroidism is treated with oral calcium carbonate and vitamin D analogues to increase serum calcium levels. Recombinant human parathyroid hormone (rhPTH) therapy can be considered in patients with poorly controlled hypocalcaemia or side effects to conventional treatment. Constipation, a known side effect of calcium carbonate, is often easily managed with simple laxatives. We describe resolution of severe constipation by changing conventional treatment to rhPTH. A femal...

hrp0082p3-d1-671 | Bone | ESPE2014

A Challenging Diagnosis of Pseudohypoparathyroidism Type 1a and Practical Management: a Case Report

Grace M L , O'Riordan S , O'Connell S M , Bogue C , Joyce C , Allgrove J

Background: PHP is a rare heterogeneous genetic disorder causing parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance. This condition is caused by deficiency of the α subunit of the protein Gs, encoded by GNAS gene. Clinical classification is based on presence or absence of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) and multiple or single hormone resistance, to PHP1a/1c and PHP1b respectively.Objective: To describe the clinical and practical management of a case of P...

hrp0082p3-d2-854 | Growth (3) | ESPE2014

Descriptive Analysis of Medication Adherence for Patients Treated with GH Therapy

Michels S L , Uribe C , Li Y , Meletiche D M , Velez F F , Locklear J C

Background: GH deficiency (GHD) occurs in one in 4000–one in 10 000 children, but can also be diagnosed in adults.1 GHD therapy typically requires injections over a period of years.2 Adherence to long-term GHT presents a challenge.Objective and hypotheses: This study describes the rates of adherence to GHT among patients with GHD.Method: Members who were continuously enrolled 6 months pre- and 12 months p...

hrp0084p3-1194 | Thyroid | ESPE2015

Development and Risk Factors of Thyroid Dysfunction in Patients with Positive TPO Antibodies

Gomez C Nicolas , McNeilly J , Mason A , Ahmed S F , Wong S C , Shaikh G

Background: Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is the most common thyroid disorder in the paediatric age range. However, the development of thyroid dysfunction in biochemically euthyroid children with positive TPOAbs and associated risk factors is unclear.Objective and hypotheses: To evaluate the evolution of children with positive TPOAbs and normal thyroid function and identify predictive factors for the development of thyroid dysfunction.<p class="a...