hrp0089fc13.3 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty 2 | ESPE2018

Role of GnRH Neuronal Migration and Development in Self-Limited Delayed Puberty

Howard Sasha , Oleari Roberto , Mancini Alessandra , Poliandri Ariel , Saengkaew Tansit , Guasti Leo , Cariboni Anna , Dunkel Leo

Objectives: Several different pathogenic mechanisms may converge on a final common pathway to produce the phenotype of delayed pubertal timing. In our cohort of patients with familial self-limited delayed puberty (DP) we have demonstrated mutations in IGSF10 leading to mis-regulation of the embryonic migration of GnRH neurons (Howard et al, EMBO MM 2016). We aimed to discover novel genetic mutations in pathways regulating GnRH neuronal migration and developme...

hrp0094fc8.1 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2021

Combined omic analysis revealed autism-linked NLGN3 as new candidate gene associated to GnRH neuron development and disease.

Oleari Roberto , Lettieri Antonella , Paganoni Alyssa , Howard Sasha R , Cariboni Anna ,

During development, gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons are born in the nasal placode and migrate to the hypothalamus, where they position to regulate sexual reproduction by pulsatile release of GnRH. Defective GnRH neuron development or action may lead to GnRH deficiency (GD) which is characterized by absent or delayed puberty. Several GD causative genes have been identified so far, but half of the cases are still idiopathic. The employment of complementary research...

hrp0092fc8.5 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty Session 1 | ESPE2019

LGR4-Wnt β-Catenin Signalling Directs GnRH Network Development, with Defects Leading to Self-Limited Delayed Puberty

Mancini Alessandra , Howard Sasha R. , Cabrera Claudia P. , Barnes Michael R. , David Alessia , Wehkalampi Karoliina , Vassart Gilbert , Cariboni Anna , Garcia Marie Isabelle , Guasti Leonardo , Dunkel Leo

Background: The initiation of puberty is dependent upon an augmentation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus. Development of the GnRH neuroendocrine network in embryonic life depends on coordinated migration of neurons from the vomeronasal organ in the nose to the forebrain. We have previously demonstrated that dysregulation in GnRH neuronal migration leads to delayed pubertal onset. Late puberty affects up to 2% of the ...

hrp0084ha1 | Mutations in IGSF10 cause Self-limited Delayed Puberty, via Effects on GnRH Neuronal Migration | ESPE2015

Mutations in IGSF10 cause Self-limited Delayed Puberty, via Effects on GnRH Neuronal Migration

Howard Sasha , Guasti Leonardo , Mancini Alessandra , David Alessia , Storr Helen , Metherell Louise , Sternberg Michael , Cabrera Claudia , Warren Helen , Barnes Michael , Wehkalampi Karoliina , Andre Valentina , Gothilf Yoav , Cariboni Anna , Dunkel Leo

Background: Timing of puberty is associated with height, cardiovascular health and cancer risk, with a significant public health impact. Previous studies estimate that 60–80% of variation in the timing of pubertal onset is genetically determined. Self-limited delayed puberty (DP) often segregates in an autosomal dominant pattern, but the underlying genetic background is unknown.Methods: We performed whole exome sequencing in 52 members of 7 families...

hrp0094fc8.2 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2021

Recessive PRDM13 mutations result in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and cerebellar hypoplasia

Gregory Louise C. , Whittaker Danielle E , Oleari Roberto , Quesne-Stabej Polona Le , Williams Hywel J. , UCL GOSgene , Torpiano John G , Formosa Nancy , Cachia Mario J. , Field Daniel , Lettieri Antonella , Ocaka Louise , De Martini Lisa Benedetta , Rajabali Sakina , Riegman Kimberley L. , Paganoni Alyssa J.J. , Chaya Taro , Robinson Iain C.A.F. , Furukawa Takahisa , Cariboni Anna , Basson M. Albert , Dattani Mehul T. ,

Three patients from two unrelated families in Malta; one consanguineous (siblings: Patient 1, male and Patient 2, female) and one non-consanguineous (Patient 3, male), manifested hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with delayed puberty, intellectual disability, scoliosis, and ataxia with cerebellar hypoplasia on MRI. GnRH tests revealed low peak LH and FSH concentrations in the patients: Patient 1; LH 2.3 IU/L, FSH 4.4 IU/L (14.3y), Patient 2; LH 3.6 IU/L, FSH 6.4 IU/L (12.5y), Pati...