hrp0089p3-p125 | Fat, Metabolism and Obesity P3 | ESPE2018

NKX2-2 Human Mutation Causes Neonatal Diabetes followed by Severe Infantile Obesity Associated with Paradoxical Upregulated Ghrelin Levels – Do Beta-cells Secrete Ghrelin?

Auerbach Adi , Cohen Amitay , Lavi Eran , Abdulhaq Najwa , Shokrun Ariella Weinberg , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Hemi Rina , David Zangen

Background: NKX2-2 gene mutation (reported in 3 cases worldwide) cause severe IUGR and neonatal diabetes. Beta-cells of the mice Nkx2-2 (−/−) model were recently shown to convert into cells producing the appetite-promoting peptide ghrelin. Classically, ghrelin secretion is stimulated during fast and suppressed by nutrients or glucose ingestion in all age groups. In obese children this ghrelin suppression reaches a minimum of 60% of base...

hrp0095p1-373 | Sex Differentiation, Gonads and Gynaecology, and Sex Endocrinology | ESPE2022

A novel Androgen Receptor mutation causes complete androgen receptor insensitivity syndrome with gender dysphoria and unusual postnatal androgen profile.

Cohen Amitay , Florsheim Nathan , Levy-Lahad Efrat , Eliyahu Mendelsohn Espen , Lavi Eran , Kerem Liya , Abu Libdeh Abdulsalam , Zangen David

Background: Androgen Insensitivity syndrome (AIS), the most common cause of XY DSD, is an X-linked recessive allelic disorder caused by Androgen Receptor (AR) gene mutations. The complete form (CAIS) stems from abrogation of AR activity and is characterized by an external female phenotype and scarce pubic hair, as well as lack of Mullerian structures. Postnatal gonadotropin and testosterone levels are not increased, and the classical ‘Mini-puberty’...