hrp0082p1-d3-94 | Sex Development | ESPE2014

Prenatal Exposure to Phthalates and Phenols in Relation to Anogenital Distance at Birth in Male Infants

Fisher Benjamin G , Thankamony Ajay , Ong Ken K , Dunger David B , Hughes Ieuan A , Acerini Carlo L

Introduction: Increasing incidence of male reproductive disorders may be due to fetal exposure to putative endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDCs), such as phthalates and phenols. Anogenital Distance (AGD) is a biomarker of fetal androgen action in animals, and has recently been linked to testicular dysgenesis syndrome in humans.Objective: To examine the relationship between prenatal phthalate and phenol exposure and birth AGD in male infants.<p class="...

hrp0082p2-d1-421 | Growth Hormone | ESPE2014

The Effects of Delaying Puberty with GnRH Agonists in Patients with Idiopathic GH Deficiency

Dunger David B , Lindberg Anders , Dorr Helmut G , Camacho-Hubner Cecilia , Geffner Mitchell E

Background: Treating central precocious puberty with GnRH agonist (GnRHa) to increase height gain is well-established. Although not recommended, GnRHa have also been used in patients with IGHD at onset of puberty yet there are few data on its efficacy.Objective and hypotheses: Growth prediction models derived from KIGS (Pfizer International Growth Database) may provide an opportunity to estimate additional height gain produced by pubertal blockade.<p...

hrp0092rfc14.5 | Adrenals and HP Axis | ESPE2019

Bioactive IGF-I Concentration Compared to Total IGF-I Concentration Before and After 1 Year of High-Dose Growth Hormone in Short Children Born Small for Gestational Age - North European SGA Study (NESGAS)

Beck Jensen Rikke , Gersel Wegmann Mathilde , Thankamony Ajay , Roche Edna , Hoey Hilary , Kirk Jeremy , Ivarsson Sten-A. , Söder Olle , Frystyk Jan , Dunger David B. , Juul Anders

Background: Children born small for gestational age (SGA) exhibit wide variations in the activity of growth hormone (GH)/insulin–like growth factor–I (IGF-I) axis and this heterogeneity may result in supra physiological concentrations of IGF-I during GH treatment. The long-term effects of elevated IGF-I levels has been a matter of concern. We explored the variations in total IGF-I and bioactive IGF-I and the associations with growth and glucose metab...

hrp0086fc14.4 | Growth : Mechanisms | ESPE2016

Preferential Paternal Transmission of the T Allele for the rs1802710 Polymorphism In Dlk1 Gene as a Pre- and Postnatal Growth Regulator

Prats-Puig Anna , Carreras-Badosa Gemma , Xargay-Torrent Silvia , Petry Clive J , Redondo-Bautista Lara , de Zegher Francis , Bassols Judit , Ibanez Lourdes , Dunger David B , Lopez-Bermejo Abel

Background: DLK1 or PREF1 is an imprinted gene highly expressed from the paternal allele in embryonic tissues and placenta. It has been recently implicated in adipose tissue expansion and diabetes development. The human rs1802710 polymorphism (SNP) in DLK1 gene has been associated with early-onset extreme obesity but its role determining growth is unknown.Objective and hypotheses: To study the preferential paternal transmission...

hrp0086fc14.5 | Growth : Mechanisms | ESPE2016

Preferential Transmission of the Paternal C Allele of the rs9373409 Polymorphism in plagl1 Gene as a Regulator of Fetal Growth and Maternal Metabolism

Prats-Puig Anna , Carreras-Badosa Gemma , Diaz-Roldan Ferran , Petry Clive J , Maldonado-Moreno Clara , de Zegher Francis , Bassols Judit , Ibanez Lourdes , Dunger David B , Lopez-Bermejo Abel

Background: The phenotypic effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may depend on their parental origin. PLAGL1 is an imprinted gene expressed from the paternal allele in placenta that is associated with fetal growth, transient neonatal diabetes mellitus and postnatal growth disorders. The mechanisms whereby PLAG1 regulates fetal growth are, however, unknown.Objective and hypotheses: To study if the preferential paternal transm...

hrp0086p1-p604 | Growth P1 | ESPE2016

The Exon3-Deleted Growth Hormone Receptor Gene Polymorphism (d3-GHR) is Associated with Increased Spontaneous Growth and Impaired Insulin Sensitivity in Prepubertal Short SGA Children (NESGAS)

Wegmann Mathilde Gersel , Jensen Rikke Beck , Thankamony Ajay , Kirk Jeremy , Donaldson Malcolm , Ivarsson Sten-A , Soder Olle , Roche Edna , Hoey Hillary , Dunger David B , Juul Anders

Background: A common polymorphism in the growth hormone receptor gene (d3-GHR) was found to be associated with pre- and postnatal growth and GH-induced growth. D3-GHR was associated with glucose metabolism in adults with GHD and acromegaly, but this has not previously been explored in children.Objective and hypotheses: We examined the impact of the GHR-exon-3 deletion on glucose metabolism and anthropometrics in short SGA children before and following 1 ...

hrp0084fc4.3 | Growth | ESPE2015

An Updated and Final Analysis of a Randomised Placebo-controlled Trial of the Effect of Oxandrolone and Timing of Pubertal Induction on Final Height in Turner Syndrome

Gault Emma-Jane , Cole Tim J , Perry Rebecca J , Casey Sarah , Paterson Wendy F , Hindmarsh Peter C , Betts Peter , Dunger David B , Donaldson Malcolm D C

Background: While GH therapy forms the mainstay of growth promoting treatment for Turner syndrome (TS), adjunctive use of oxandrolone and optimal timing of pubertal induction remain controversial. The previously published interim analysis of this randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial demonstrated that oxandrolone and pubertal induction at 14y vs 12y significantly increased final height. However, these effects were not additive.Objective: To up...

hrp0084p2-256 | Diabetes | ESPE2015

Exposure to Phthalates and Phenols in Relation to Gestational Blood Glucose Homeostasis

Fisher Benjamin G. , Frederiksen Hanne , Andersson Anna-Maria , Juul Anders , Thankamony Ajay , Ong Ken K. , Dunger David B. , Hughes Ieuan A. , Acerini Carlo L.

Background: Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), such as phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA), have been associated with insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in non-pregnant adults. By contrast, recent pilot studies of pregnant women found negative associations between phthalates and blood glucose, and a lack of association with BPA. No studies have examined gestational IR or secretion in relation to EDC exposure.Objective: To confirm these re...

hrp0089fc15.3 | Growth and Syndromes | ESPE2018

Methylation of the C19MC microRNA Locus in the Placenta: A Mechanism whereby Maternal Body Size Links to that of the Child

Xargay-Torrent Silvia , Prats-Puig Anna , Mas-Pares Berta , Bassols Judit , Petry Clive J , Girardot Michael , de Zegher Francis , Ibanez Lourdes , Dunger David B , Feil Robert , Lopez-Bermejo Abel

Background: The C19MC locus microRNA gene cluster is imprinted in the placenta. Imprinted genes control prenatal development and placental functions, and are epigenetically regulated. The factors that affect the DNA methylation status of C19MC regulatory region are unknown, as is the impact of this differential methylation on the offspring’s body size.Objectives: To study in humans 1) the association of placental C19MC DNA...