hrp0092fc11.6 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty Session 2 | ESPE2019

Pubertal Timing in Parents is Associated with Timing of Pubertal Milestones in Offspring of Concordant Sex – but Only Inconsistently with Milestones in Offspring of Discordant Sex

Busch Alexander S , Hagen Casper P , Juul Anders

Context: Puberty timing is highly heritable. Recent genome-wide association studies, comparing timing of menarche in girls to timing of voice-break and facial hair in boys, revealed a largely overlapping genetic architecture of female and male pubertal timing. However, it is also known that genetic heterogeneity between sexes exists for some loci.Objectives: We hypothesized that self-reported relative parental pubertal t...

hrp0086rfc12.8 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

Circulating MKRN3 Levels Decline During Puberty in Healthy Boys

Busch Alexander S. , Hagen Casper P. , Almstrup Kristian , Juul Anders

Background: Initiation and progression of puberty requires concerted action of activating and inhibiting factors. Recently, cases of central precocious puberty have been linked to loss-of-function mutations of makorin RING-finger protein 3 (MKRN3) indicating a pivotal inhibitory role of MKRN3 on GnRH secretion.Objective and hypotheses: To investigate peripubertal circulating MKRN3 levels in healthy boys.Method: Healthy boys (n<...

hrp0082fc14.4 | Puberty | ESPE2014

Development of Pubertal Gynaecomastia: a Longitudinal Cohort Study

Mieritz Mikkel G , Hagen Casper P , Juul Anders

Background: Pubertal gynaecomastia (PG) is considered a clinical sign of an oestrogen–androgen imbalance at the breast tissue level although little evidence exists. PG occurs in 40–60% of adolescent Caucasian boys, and in most cases however, no underlying endocrinopathy can be identified. Very few longitudinal studies on PG exist.Objective and method: As a part of the longitudinal COPENHAGEN Puberty Study we followed 110 healthy Danish boys (ag...

hrp0089rfc13.5 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty 2 | ESPE2018

Pubertal Voice Break: Temporal Relation of Secondary Sexual Characteristics in Healthy Boys

Busch Alexander Siegfried , Hagen Casper P , Sorensen Kaspar , Kolby Nanna , Eckert-Lind Camilla , Juul Anders

Introduction: The clinical hallmark of male puberty is testicular enlargement ≥4 ml. While this initial sign largely depends on central reactivation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis along with peripheral follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) action, the attainment of voice-break, activation of sweat- and sebaceous- glands, acne as well as axillary hair development require testosterone action.Objective: To investigate the tempo...

hrp0084p2-497 | Perinatal | ESPE2015

Genetic Variation in the FSH Signalling Pathway Affects Female Reproductive Hormones During Infancy

Henriksen Louise S , Hagen Casper P , Assens Maria , Almstrup Kristian , Main Katharina M

Background: Studies have shown that genetic variations in the FSH pathway (SNPs: FSHB −211G>T, FSHR −29G>A, and FSHR 2039A>G) affect peripubertal levels of serum FSH and age at pubertal onset in girls.Objective and hypotheses: Genetic variations in the FSH pathway reflect circulating levels of female reproductive hormones during the postnatal gonadotropin surge.Method: Blood samples were taken in girls of th...

hrp0094fc5.3 | Sex Development and Gender Incongruence | ESPE2021

Fetal Anogenital Distance (AGD) by Ultrasonography: a Marker of Early Androgen Exposure in utero?

Fischer Margit Bistrup , Scheel Lone , Sundberg Karin , Juul Anders , Hagen Casper P ,

Background: The anogenital distance (AGD) is defined as the distance from the anus to genital tubercle. AGD is an established method for sex determination of pups in rodents, and in animal studies, AGD is strongly affected by androgen exposure during fetal life. In accordance, human studies have reported reduced postnatal AGD following prenatal exposure to anti-androgenic agents, suggesting AGD to be a sensitive postnatal read out of in utero exposure...

hrp0086fc12.6 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

Pubertal Onset in Boys is Influenced by BMI and Genetic Variation of Fshb and Fshr: A Study in Two Population-Based Cohorts of Different Genetic Ancestry

Busch Alexander S. , Hagen Casper P. , Main Katharina M. , Almstrup Kristian , Pereira Anita , Corvalan Camila , Mericq Veronica , Juul Anders

Background: Age at onset of puberty exhibits a remarkable variation mirroring nutritional, environmental, socioeconomic and genetic factors. While large genome-wide association studies identified more than hundred genetic loci associated with age at menarche in girls, knowledge on loci associated with age at pubertal onset in boys is sparse. FSHB/FSHR genetic variants have been shown to affect pubertal timing in girls and reproductive parameters in men.<p class="a...

hrp0084p2-526 | Puberty | ESPE2015

Serum AMH Levels are Lower in Healthy Boys Who Develop Pubertal Gynaecomastia

Mieritz Mikkel G , Hagen Casper P , Almstrup Kristian , Petersen Jorgen H , Raket Lars L , Sommer Stefan H , Juul Anders

Background: Pubertal gynaecomastia is thought to be a clinical sign of an oestrogen-androgen imbalance, affecting up to 60% of boys. In most cases no underlying endocrinopathy can be identified. In boys, Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced by immature Sertoli cells and circulating level decreases as testosterone increases during pubertal maturation. In a previous cross sectional study we found significant lower levels of AMH in boys with pubertal gynaecomastia (Mieri...

hrp0082fc6.5 | Gonads &amp; DSD | ESPE2014

Serum Levels of AMH Reflect Ovarian Morphology by MRI in 109 Healthy Peripubertal Girls

Hagen Casper P , Mouritsen Annette , Mieritz Mikkel G , Tinggaard Jeanette , Wohlfart-Veje Christine , Fallentin Eva , Anderson Richard A , Main Katharina M , Juul Anders

Background: In adult women, serum levels of AMH reflect both the number of small growing follicles and remaining primordial follicles. AMH levels range 15 fold between healthy girls. Interpretation of AMH is contentious due to minor intra-individual changes around time of pubertal onset despite continuous loss of primordial follicles.Objective and Hypotheses: To describe ovarian morphology (volume, follicles) in healthy girls and adolescents in relation ...

hrp0084p2-330 | Fat | ESPE2015

Abdominal fat Distribution Measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging in 197 Children Aged 10–15 Years – Correlation to Anthropometry and Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry

Tinggaard Jeanette , Hagen Casper P , Mouritsen Annette , Mieritz Mikkel G , Wohlfahrt-Veje Christine , Fallentin Eva , Larsen Rasmus , Christensen Anders N , Jensen Rikke B , Juul Anders , Main Katharina

Background: Obesity in childhood is defined by age- and sex-specific BMI cut-off values. However, BMI does not disclose the distribution of fat mass. Increased abdominal adipose tissue is associated with a higher risk of cardio-metabolic disease in adulthood. Thus, precise measurements of abdominal adipose tissue in children may enable early prevention of disease.Objective and hypotheses: To validate measurements of abdominal adipose tissue by anthropome...