hrp0092fc11.6 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty Session 2 | ESPE2019

Pubertal Timing in Parents is Associated with Timing of Pubertal Milestones in Offspring of Concordant Sex – but Only Inconsistently with Milestones in Offspring of Discordant Sex

Busch Alexander S , Hagen Casper P , Juul Anders

Context: Puberty timing is highly heritable. Recent genome-wide association studies, comparing timing of menarche in girls to timing of voice-break and facial hair in boys, revealed a largely overlapping genetic architecture of female and male pubertal timing. However, it is also known that genetic heterogeneity between sexes exists for some loci.Objectives: We hypothesized that self-reported relative parental pubertal t...

hrp0086rfc12.8 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

Circulating MKRN3 Levels Decline During Puberty in Healthy Boys

Busch Alexander S. , Hagen Casper P. , Almstrup Kristian , Juul Anders

Background: Initiation and progression of puberty requires concerted action of activating and inhibiting factors. Recently, cases of central precocious puberty have been linked to loss-of-function mutations of makorin RING-finger protein 3 (MKRN3) indicating a pivotal inhibitory role of MKRN3 on GnRH secretion.Objective and hypotheses: To investigate peripubertal circulating MKRN3 levels in healthy boys.Method: Healthy boys (n<...

hrp0082fc14.4 | Puberty | ESPE2014

Development of Pubertal Gynaecomastia: a Longitudinal Cohort Study

Mieritz Mikkel G , Hagen Casper P , Juul Anders

Background: Pubertal gynaecomastia (PG) is considered a clinical sign of an oestrogen–androgen imbalance at the breast tissue level although little evidence exists. PG occurs in 40–60% of adolescent Caucasian boys, and in most cases however, no underlying endocrinopathy can be identified. Very few longitudinal studies on PG exist.Objective and method: As a part of the longitudinal COPENHAGEN Puberty Study we followed 110 healthy Danish boys (ag...

hrp0084fc14.4 | Puberty | ESPE2015

Genetic Variation of AMH Signaling Affects AMH and Inhibin B Levels in Healthy Peripubertal Girls

Hagen Casper P , Almstrup Kristian , Main Katharina M , Juul Anders

Background: Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced by small growing ovarian follicles. It inhibits both FSH induced maturation of follicles as well as aromatase activity. Genetic variation of AMH signalling is associated with age at menopause and circulating oestradiol levels, i.e. AMH rs10407022 T>G (intragenic) and AMHR2 rs11170547 C>T (putative enhancer).Objective and hypotheses: This present study aims to investigate ...

hrp0089rfc13.5 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty 2 | ESPE2018

Pubertal Voice Break: Temporal Relation of Secondary Sexual Characteristics in Healthy Boys

Busch Alexander Siegfried , Hagen Casper P , Sorensen Kaspar , Kolby Nanna , Eckert-Lind Camilla , Juul Anders

Introduction: The clinical hallmark of male puberty is testicular enlargement ≥4 ml. While this initial sign largely depends on central reactivation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis along with peripheral follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) action, the attainment of voice-break, activation of sweat- and sebaceous- glands, acne as well as axillary hair development require testosterone action.Objective: To investigate the tempo...

hrp0084p1-116 | Puberty | ESPE2015

FSHB/FSHR Genetic Variants alter Serum FSH Levels and Prepubertal Ovarian Follicular Growth in Healthy Girls

Busch Alexander S , Hagen Casper P , Almstrup Kristian , Main Katharina M , Juul Anders

Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to genes encoding the FSHβ subunit and FSH receptor (FSHB/FSHR) affect FSH production (FSHB c.-211G>T) and receptor sensitivity/expression in vitro (FSHR c.2039A>G & FSHR c.-29G>A). FSHR c.2039A>G, but not FSHR c.-29G>A, is associated with increased FSH levels in adult women, while there are conflicting results on F...

hrp0084p1-117 | Puberty | ESPE2015

Transient Breast Budding in Healthy Girls is a Frequent Phenomenon: Description of Pubertal Progression and Associations to Gonadotropins, Estradiol and FSHB/FSHR Genetic Polymorphisms

Johansen Marie Lindhardt , Hagen Casper P , Mieritz Mikkel G , Petersen Jorgen Holm , Juul Anders

Background: Intermittent breast budding (girls entering stage B2 and then subsequently regressing to B1) in healthy girls is a frequent phenomenon observed by most clinicians. However, little is known of normal progression of female puberty, and the phenomenon of transient breast development has, to our knowledge, never been studied in details.Objective and hypotheses: We present and validate the female Puberty Nomogram indicating age specific SD<...

hrp0084p2-497 | Perinatal | ESPE2015

Genetic Variation in the FSH Signalling Pathway Affects Female Reproductive Hormones During Infancy

Henriksen Louise S , Hagen Casper P , Assens Maria , Almstrup Kristian , Main Katharina M

Background: Studies have shown that genetic variations in the FSH pathway (SNPs: FSHB −211G>T, FSHR −29G>A, and FSHR 2039A>G) affect peripubertal levels of serum FSH and age at pubertal onset in girls.Objective and hypotheses: Genetic variations in the FSH pathway reflect circulating levels of female reproductive hormones during the postnatal gonadotropin surge.Method: Blood samples were taken in girls of th...

hrp0094fc5.3 | Sex Development and Gender Incongruence | ESPE2021

Fetal Anogenital Distance (AGD) by Ultrasonography: a Marker of Early Androgen Exposure in utero?

Fischer Margit Bistrup , Scheel Lone , Sundberg Karin , Juul Anders , Hagen Casper P ,

Background: The anogenital distance (AGD) is defined as the distance from the anus to genital tubercle. AGD is an established method for sex determination of pups in rodents, and in animal studies, AGD is strongly affected by androgen exposure during fetal life. In accordance, human studies have reported reduced postnatal AGD following prenatal exposure to anti-androgenic agents, suggesting AGD to be a sensitive postnatal read out of in utero exposure...

hrp0086fc12.6 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

Pubertal Onset in Boys is Influenced by BMI and Genetic Variation of Fshb and Fshr: A Study in Two Population-Based Cohorts of Different Genetic Ancestry

Busch Alexander S. , Hagen Casper P. , Main Katharina M. , Almstrup Kristian , Pereira Anita , Corvalan Camila , Mericq Veronica , Juul Anders

Background: Age at onset of puberty exhibits a remarkable variation mirroring nutritional, environmental, socioeconomic and genetic factors. While large genome-wide association studies identified more than hundred genetic loci associated with age at menarche in girls, knowledge on loci associated with age at pubertal onset in boys is sparse. FSHB/FSHR genetic variants have been shown to affect pubertal timing in girls and reproductive parameters in men.<p class="a...