hrp0095s7.2 | Insight into Metabolic disorders and new therapeutic targets | ESPE2022

The circadian clock in insulin resistance and diabetes

Kalsbeek Andries , Jan Stenvers Dirk

In healthy humans, plasma glucose excursions depend on the time of day of glucose ingestion, with higher glucose tolerance in the morning compared to the evening. Recent studies using a circadian desynchrony protocol clearly demonstrated that the diurnal rhythm in glucose tolerance is robustly regulated by the circadian timing system, separate from behavioral and environmental changes. The mammalian circadian timing system consists of a central brain clock and peripheral clock...

hrp0092fc13.4 | Adrenals and HP Axis | ESPE2019

Biphasic Glucocorticoid Rhythm in One Month Old Infants: Reflection of a Developing HPA-Axis?

Hollanders Jonneke J. , de Goede Paul , van der Voorn Bibian , Honig Adriaan , Rotteveel Joost , Dolman Koert , Kalsbeek Andries , Finken Martijn J.J.

Background: The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis displays a diurnal rhythm, peaking in the morning and with a nadir at night. However, not much is known about the development of the HPA- axis, although strikingly some evidence suggests that a rhythm with a peak in the afternoon is already present antenatally. We aimed to describe HPA-axis activity at age 1 month as well as study possible influencing factors.Methods</stro...