hrp0082p1-d1-144 | Growth | ESPE2014

Genetics of Growth Failure in Small for Gestational Age Children

Keppler Romy , van der Werft-Grohmann Natascha , Schwab Karl Otfried , Lausch Ekkehart

Background: Small for gestational age (SGA), defined as ≤−2.0 SDS birth length or weight, is a condition seen in up to 3% of all newborn. Most SGA children catch up height in postnatal life. In a significant number (~10%), however, height remains below the third centile. Recombinant GH therapy is indicated when growth failure continues to 4 years of age. The pathophysiological basis of SGA is complex: monogenic disorders and/or fetal programming by environmental fa...

hrp0092p2-32 | Bone, Growth Plate and Mineral Metabolism | ESPE2019

Pediatric Patients with Heterozygous ALPL Mutation show a Broad Clinical Phenotype

Melanie Brichta Corinna , Wurm Michael , Krebs Andreas , Lausch Ekkehart , Van der Werf-Grohmann Natascha , Schwab Karl Otfried

Introduction: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a congenital disorder of the bone and mineral metabolism. It is based on mutations in the ALPL gene, which codes for tissue-unspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSAP). Methods:The casuistic of 3 children with heterozygous ALPL mutation are presented. The patients were identified by laboratory data screening for reduced AP activity at the Children's Hospital of the University Hospital Freiburg....

hrp0086lbp7 | (1) | ESPE2016

Loss of Functional Osteoprotegerin: More than a Skeletal Problem

Grasemann Corinna , Unger Nicole , Hovel Matthias , Arweiler-Harbeck Diana , Lausch Ekkehart , Meissner Thomas , Hauffa Berthold P. , Shaw Nick

Background: Juvenile Pagets disease (JPD), an ultra-rare, debilitating bone disease stemming from unopposed RANKL action due to loss of functional osteoprotegerin (OPG) is caused by recessive mutations in TNFRSF11B. A genotype-phenotype correlation spanning from mild to very severe forms is described.Objective and hypotheses: To describe the complexity of the human phenotype of OPG deficiency in more detail and to investigate heterozygous mutation carrie...

hrp0084p3-1090 | Perinatal | ESPE2015

Crystal Formation in the Meibomian Glands as Diagnostic Proof of Pseudohypoaldosteronism Type I

van der Werf-Grohmann Natascha , Lausch Ekkehart , Wurm Michael , Kannan Cecil , Fuchs Hans , Spiekerkotter Ute , Schwab Karl Otfried

Background: Pseudohypoaldosteronism type I (PHA1) is a rare disease of mineralocorticoid resistance (MR). Neonatal manifestation leads to life-threatening dehydration due to massive salt-loss, acidosis and frequently, failure to thrive. Two clinically and genetically distinct forms exist, namely systemic and renal PHA1 caused by mutations in the subunit genes (SCNN1A, SCNN1B, SCNN1G) of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and mineralocorticoid recep...

hrp0084p3-1060 | Hypo | ESPE2015

Transient Congenital Hyperinsulinism and Renal Fanconi Syndrome

Brichta Corinna Melanie , Pohl Martin , Lausch Ekkehart , Kohlhase Jurgen , van der Werf-Grohmann Natascha , Wurm Michael , Krause Alexandra , Schwab Karl Otfried

Background: Congenital hyperinsulinism is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycaemia in early infancy. Mutations in the HNF4A gene lead to transient hyperinsulinism in early infancy and maturity-onset diabetes of youth (MODY1), later in life. Fanconi syndrome is a generalised dysfunction of the renal proximal tubule with a loss of glucose, amino acids, phosphate, low molecular weight proteins, bicarbonate and urate, causing growth failure and rickets in childho...

hrp0095p1-223 | Bone, Growth Plate and Mineral Metabolism | ESPE2022

Real-world data in children with achondroplasia after licensing of Vosoritide

Palm Katja , Bechthold-Dalla Pozza Susanne , Gausche Ruth , Högler Wolfgang , Hoyer- Kuhn Heike , Hübner Angela , Keller Alexandra , Mirante Alice , Mohnike Klaus , Muschol Nicole , Nader Sean , Pfäffle Roland , Quitter Friederike , Rohrer Tilmann , Rutsch Frank , Schnabel Dirk , Semler Oliver , Silva Isabel , B. Sousa Sérgio , M.K. Voelkl Thomas , Wechsung Katja , Weigel Johannes , Woelffle Joachim , Lausch Ekkehart

Background: Achondroplasia (ACH), caused by a pathogenic variant in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene (FGFR3), is characterized by severe growth failure and may be associated with multisystemic complications. The clinical phenotype is variable and relates to deformity of rhizomelic shortened legs, and myelon compression at cranial base and spine. Recent guidelines are published for diagnostic workflow, neurosurgical, orthopaedic and otorhinolaryngol...