hrp0092fc13.6 | Adrenals and HP Axis | ESPE2019

Insights Into the Role of Cortisol in the Formation of the Clock/Bmal1 Complex and its Interaction with dsDNA, via Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Nicolaides Nicolas , Raftopoulou Sofia , Kino Tomoshige , Vlachakis Dimitrios , Chrousos George

Background: The circadian rhythm-generating peripheral Clock/Bmal1 heterodimer complex regulates the circadian activities of many biological systems, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, by trans-activating or trans-repressing downstream target genes.Objective and Hypotheses: To investigate the potential role of elevated cortisol in Clock/Bmal1 heterodimer complex-generated circadian biorhythms, both ...

hrp0086p1-p5 | Adrenal P1 | ESPE2016

Whole Exome Sequencing in Patients with Primary Generalized Glucocorticoid Resistance, who did not have Mutations in the NR3C1 Gene

Sertedaki Amalia , Polyzos Alexandros , Nicolaides Nicolas , Thanos Dimitris , Charmandari Evangelia

Background: Primary generalized glucocorticoid resistance (PGGR) is a rare, familial or sporadic condition, characterized by generalized, partial tissue insensitivity to glucocorticoids. The molecular basis of this condition has been ascribed to mutations in the NR3C1 (human glucocorticoid receptor, hGR) gene, which impair the molecular mechanisms of hGR action and decrease tissue sensitivity to glucocorticoids. However, a considerable number of patients with PGGR do ...

hrp0095p1-30 | Bone, Growth Plate and Mineral Metabolism | ESPE2022

Vitamin D may facilitate Clock/Bmal1-DNA interactions in a Vitamin D receptor-independent fashion

Nicolaides Nicolas , Papakonstantinou Eleni , Vlachakis Dimitrios , Chrousos George

Background: The Clock/Bmal1 transcription factor heterodimer regulates the circadian activities of many biological systems, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, by trans-activating or trans-repressing downstream target genes. 1,25 Dihydroxy Vitamin D (Vitamin D), a sterol hormone that is activated by exposure to sunlight, plays a fundamental role in maintaining calcium and phosphorus homeostasis. Recent evidence suggests that the nuclear vi...

hrp0089fc1.4 | Adrenals & HPA Axis | ESPE2018

Whole Exome Sequencing in Patients with Primary Generalized Glucocorticoid Resistance Identifies a Novel TRIM28 Gene Mutation (p.R230X)

Sertedaki Amalia , Marinakis Nikos , Nicolaides Nicolas C. , Crousos George , Charmandari Evangelia

Introduction: Primary Generalized Glucocorticoid Resistance or Chrousos syndrome (CS) is a rare sporadic or familial disorder characterized by generalized, partial tissue insensitivity to glucocorticoids. Mutations of the NR3C1 gene, which encodes the human glucocorticoid receptor, have been identified in many but not all patients with CS.Objective: To identify novel genes related to CS in patients without NR3C1 gene mutations.<p cl...

hrp0086rfc1.1 | Adrenals | ESPE2016

Tracing the Glucocorticoid Receptor Evolutionary Pedigree: Insights from a Comprehensive Phylogenetic Analysis of the Full NR Super-Family

Vlachakis Dimitrios , Nicolaides Nicolas C. , Papageorgiou Louis , Lamprokostopoulou Agaristi , Charmandari Evangelia

Background: The nuclear receptor (NR) family comprises three main subfamilies: the steroid hormones receptors, the thyroid/retinoid hormone receptors and the orphan receptors. Proteins within the NR family share common domain architecture. These closely related receptors and their cognate ligand compounds play a key role in homeostasis, reproduction, growth and development. Despite their biological significance, their evolution and diversification remains to be elucidated....

hrp0082p1-d2-2 | Adrenals &amp; HP Axis | ESPE2014

Functional Characterization of a Novel Heterozygous Point Mutation in the Human Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene Causing Primary Generalized Glucocorticoid Resistance

Nicolaides Nicolas C , Vlachakis Dimitris , Sertedaki Amalia , Kossida Sophia , Chrousos George P , Charmandari Evangelia

Background: Primary generalized glucocorticoid resistance (PGGR) or Chrousos syndrome is a rare familial or sporadic condition caused by mutations in the hGR gene, which reduce tissue sensitivity to glucocorticoids. A new case of PGGR caused by a novel heterozygous point mutation in the hGR gene, which resulted in threonine (T) to isoleucine (I) substitution at amino acid position 556 in the ligand-binding domain of the receptor, was recently reported in a patient with an adre...

hrp0089fc1.5 | Adrenals &amp; HPA Axis | ESPE2018

Untargeted Plasma Metabolomics in Subjects with Differences in Tissue Glucocorticoid Sensitivity Identifies a Novel metabolic Signature

Nicolaides Nicolas C. , Ioannidi Maria-Konstantina , Koniari Eleni , Sertedaki Amalia , Klapa Maria I. , Chrousos George P. , Charmandari Evangelia

Background: Tissue glucocorticoid sensitivity is characterized by a considerable variation in terms of therapeutic response and side effects to synthetic glucocorticoids. The multi-metabolite concentration profile measured by untargeted plasma metabolomics provides a comprehensive metabolic signature that might be used in clinical practice.Objective and Hypotheses: To investigate the usefulness of plasma metabolomics in identifying a metabolic signature ...

hrp0089p3-p149 | Fat, Metabolism and Obesity P3 | ESPE2018

The Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Metabolic Syndrome Parameters in Overweight and Obese Children and Adolescents in Greece

Giannios Christos , Nicolaides Nicolas , Farakla Ioanna , Papadopoulos Georgios , Gennitsaridi Sofia , Karampatsou Sofia , Kolaitis Gerasimos , Chrousos George , Charmandari Evangelia

Background: Accumulating evidence suggests that decreased 25-hydroxyvitamin [25(OH)D] concentrations are associated with components of the metabolic syndrome.Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on metabolic syndrome parameters in obese children and adolescents.Patients and methods: Two hundred thirty two (n=232) obese children and adolescents aged [mean ±S....

hrp0086fc1.2 | Adrenals | ESPE2016

Transcriptomic Analysis in Healthy Subjects with Differences in Tissue Sensitivity to Glucocorticoids Identifies Novel Disease-associated Genes

Nicolaides Nicolas C. , Polyzos Alexandros , Koniari Eleni , Lamprokostopoulou Agaristi , Golfinopoulou Eleni , Papathanasiou Chryssanthi , Sertedaki Amalia , Thanos Dimitris , Charmandari Evangelia

Background: Glucocorticoids exert profound immune-modulating effects and regulate the expression of genes involved in cell cycle progression and apoptosis. Synthetic glucocorticoids are the most potent agents used in the treatment of inflammatory, autoimmune and lymphoproliferative disorders. Considerable variation in response to therapeutic doses of glucocorticoids exists among individuals, as evidenced by differences both in disease response and in the incidence of glucocort...

hrp0086p1-p483 | Fat Metabolism and Obesity P1 | ESPE2016

The Effectiveness of a Stress Management Intervention Program in the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence

Stavrou Stavroula , Nicolaides Nicolas C. , Papageorgiou Ifigeneia , Papadopoulou Pinelopi , Terzioglou Eleni , Darviri Christina , Chrousos George P. , Charmandari Evangelia

Background: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem of our century, and accounts for a significant increase in morbidity and mortality in adulthood. In addition to the increased consumption of calories and lack of exercise, accumulating evidence suggests that childhood obesity is strongly associated with prolonged and excessive activation of the stress system.Objective and hypotheses: The aim of our study was to assess the ...