hrp0092p1-317 | Diabetes and Insulin (2) | ESPE2019

Unexplained Neonatal Deaths Among Kurdish Consanguineous Families: Importance of Recognizing Congenital Hyperinsulinism and Testing for KATP Channel Gene Variants

Anne Amaratunga Shenali , Tayeb Tara Hussein , Rozenkova Klara , Kucerova Petra , Pruhova Stepanka , Lebl Jan

Context: Neonatal hypoglycemia due to congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a potentially life-threatening condition. Severe forms of CHI, caused by autosomal recessive variants in KATP channel subunit genes (ABCC8, KCNJ11), are more prevalent in regions with high consanguinity. These regions also have a high neonatal mortality rate with many deaths remaining unexplained.Patients and Methods: We analyze...

hrp0092p2-63 | Diabetes and Insulin | ESPE2019

A Rare Case of Syndromic Diabetes due to an INSR Pathogenic Variant

Tayeb Tara , Amaratunga Shenali , Kucerová Petra , Pruhová Štepanka , Lebl Jan

Introduction: The main type of diabetes seen in pediatric clinical practice is type 1 diabetes. Monogenic diabetes and syndromic diabetes are rare, but can be more common in areas where consanguinity is high.A 12-year-old girl born to consanguineous parents who are first cousins, was referred after being diagnosed with diabetes and severe diabetic ketoacidosis. In addition, she had hypertrichosis, coarse facial features, acanthosis nigri...

hrp0094p1-56 | Bone B | ESPE2021

Chondrocyte regulating and other growth plate genes are invaluable growth regulators: a study on children with short stature from 55 consanguineous families

Anne Amaratunga Shenali , Tayeb Tara Hussein , Dusatkova Petra , Elbova Lenka , Pruhova Stepanka , Lebl Jan ,

Introduction: Statural growth is regulated by multiple genetic, epigenetic and environmental mechanisms. The GH-IGF-1 axis was long believed to be the main linear growth regulator in children until more recent studies showed that the complex regulation of growth plate chondrocytes play an equal role. In order to extend our knowledge about the genes involved in short stature, we studied a unique cohort of children with short stature from consanguineous families...

hrp0097p1-313 | Growth and Syndromes | ESPE2023

Genetic aetiology of short stature in children from consanguineous families from Kurdistan, Iraq

Anne Amaratunga Shenali , Hussein Tayeb Tara , Dusatkova Petra , Drabova Jana , Elbova Lenka , Pruhova Stepanka , Lebl Jan

Introduction: Linear growth is a complex process involving the interplay of genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. Current knowledge sheds importance to the GH-IGF-1 axis, chondrocyte regulation and extra-cellular matrix in the growth plate, and other fundamental intracellular processes. Despite these advancements, the genetics of short stature are not fully understood. This study aims to contribute by investigating a unique cohort of children from co...

hrp0095p1-43 | Diabetes and Insulin | ESPE2022

The spectrum of paediatric diabetes subtypes from a single center in a highly consanguineous region

Anne Amaratunga Shenali , Hussein Tayeb Tara , Nabaz Muhamad Sediq Rozhan , Karem Hama Salih Fareda , Dusatkova Petra , Pruhova Stepanka , Lebl Jan

Introduction: Monogenic diabetes has been estimated to be 1 - 6% of all diabetic cases in European countries which are primarily non consanguineous populations, while the incidence in highly consanguineous areas is insufficiently defined. However, the genetic aetiology of monogenic diabetes has been shown to be widely different in areas with prevalent consanguinity compared to areas with lower rates. In this single-centre study, we aimed to evaluate the preval...