hrp0082np1.1 | Micro-RNAs in Health and Diseases | ESPE2014

Non Coding RNA’s: Introduction to Non-Coding RNAs and the Role of MicroRNAs in GnRH Neurons

Prevot V

Fertility and puberty onset are controlled within the brain by a neural network that drives the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from hypothalamic neuroendocrine neurons. During postnatal development, various permissive signals must be integrated for the initiation of sexual maturation but the molecular events that orchestrate the timely activation of the GnRH neurons remain a major unsolved biological mystery. Increasing evidences point out Micro-RNAs (miRNA...

hrp0086wg4.2 | ESPE Bone and Growth Plate Working Group (BGP) | ESPE2016

Hypercalcaemic Disorders in Children

Thakker Rajesh V.

Hypercalcaemic disorders in children may present with poor feeding, hypotonia, lethargy, dehydration, vomiting, polyuria, failure to thrive, seizures and hypertension. The causes of hypercalcaemia in children, which can be classified as parathyroid hormone (PTH)-dependent or PTH-independent, are similar to those occurring in adults except that primary hyperparathyroidism and malignancy which the most common causes in adults, and account for >90% of adult patients with hype...

hrp0082s4.3 | Recent Advances in Our Understanding of Hypothyroidism | ESPE2014

Novel Insights into Thyroid Hormone Resistance

Chatterjee V K K

Resistance to thyroid hormone mediated by defective TRβ (RTHβ) or TRα(RTHα).Separate genes (THRA, THRB) undergo alternate splicing, generating nuclear receptors (TRα1, TRβ1, TRβ2) with distinct tissue distributions, which mediate thyroid hormone action; the function of a non-hormone binding protein (α 2), derived from the THRA locus, is unknown.RTHβ a dominantl...

hrp0095fc3.3 | Early Life and Multisystem Endocrinology | ESPE2022

Targeting androgen production by post-translational regulation of CYP17A1 lyase activity

Sharma Katyayani , Pandey Amit V

Introduction: Over-production of androgens is linked to prostate cancer (PCa) in men and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women. CYP17A1 produces dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the precursor for androgens, via its 17,20 lyase activity. CYP17A1 lyase activity is regulated by the amount of P450 reductase for electron transfer; the presence of cytochrome b5; and protein phosphorylation. High androgen levels were linked to the phosphorylation of CYP17A1 protein...

hrp0089fc5.3 | Thyroid | ESPE2018

Computational Analysis of the Ligand Binding Domain of the Thyroid Hormone Receptor for the Rational Design of an Efficient Protein-Based Biosensor for the Detection of Thyroid Hormone Disrupting Chemicals

Verma Sonia , Pandey Amit V

Background: Thyroid hormone disrupting chemicals (THDCs) which are present in the environment, food and everyday consumer products, interfere with thyroid hormone signaling, possibly by interacting with thyroid hormone receptors (THRs). This alters the thyroid hormone homeostasis and affects various functions regulated by the thyroid hormone e.g. macronutrient metabolism, cardiovascular function, and normal brain development. Therefore, there is a necessity for detection and m...

hrp0089rfc4.2 | GH & IGFs | ESPE2018

Data Mining and Computational Analysis of Human Growth Hormone Gene (GH1) Sequence in Normal Population to Identify Potential Variants with Disease-Causing Effects

Verma Sonia , Pandey Amit V

Background: Mutations in GH1 gene cause isolated growth hormone deficiency. Several disease-causing mutations from patients with IGHD have been reported. These mutations have been shown to (a) produce shorter isoforms of GH that does not bind to growth hormone receptor, (b) cause diminished secretion of GH or (c) result in misfolded GH protein. Large sequencing studies from the non-clinical population show several hundred genetic variations in GH1 gene. Role of common polymorp...

hrp0095p1-208 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2022

Targeting melanocortin type 2 receptor (MC2R) with peptides for the treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia

V Pandey Amit , Singh Shripriya , Parween Shaheena

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a common disorder of steroid production mainly caused by a mutated CYP21A2 gene, causing 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD). CAH due to 21OHD requires lifelong mineralocorticoid (MC) and glucocorticoid (GC) therapy. But, from the location of the enzyme block in the steroid production and increase of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) which stimulates the melanocortin type 2 receptor (MC2R) in the adrenal, excessive adrenal androgen produc...

hrp0084p1-4 | Adrenal | ESPE2015

Effect of CYP17A1 Inhibitors Orteronel and Galeterone on Adrenal Androgen Biosynthesis

Udhane Sameer S , Pandey Amit V

Background: The cytochrome P450 CYP17A1 plays a vital role in regulating adrenal androgen production. The 17,20 lyase activity of CYP17A1 is key for androgen regulation. The orteronel and galeterone are known to inhibit 17,20 lyase activity however the detailed mechanisms of the inhibition of CYP17A1 activities remain unknown. These inhibitors have been developed to treat the castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) but little is known about their effects on adrenal androge...

hrp0095fc3.4 | Early Life and Multisystem Endocrinology | ESPE2022

A common polymorphism in the human P450 reductase gene (POR) causes defective steroid and drug metabolism due to protein instability

Rojas Velazquez Maria Natalia , Noebauer Mathias , Pandey Amit V

Cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (POR) is the obligatory redox partner of steroid and drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450s located in the endoplasmic reticulum. Mutations in POR cause a broad range of disorders like congenital adrenal hyperplasia that may resemble bone malformations resembling Antley-Bixler syndrome. Genome sequencing studies have revealed the existence of a POR missense variant P228. We aimed to determine the detailed functional impact of POR variant P228L for it...

hrp0092fc3.3 | Multi-system Endocrine Disorders | ESPE2019

Variability in Drug Metabolizing Cytochrome P450 Activities Caused by Human Genetic Variations in NADPH Cytochrome P450 Oxidoreductase (POR)

Velazquez Maria Natalia Rojas , Parween Shaheena , Pandey Amit V

Background: A broad spectrum of human diseases, including abnormalities in steroidogenesis, are caused by mutations in the NADPH cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (POR) (1-2). Cytochrome P450 proteins perform several reactions, including metabolism of steroids, drugs and other xenobiotics. Therefore, genetic variations in POR can impact many different metabolic pathways by changing the activities of cytochromes P450 (1). In 2004 the first human patients with defe...