hrp0089p2-p299 | Multisystem Endocrine Disorders P2 | ESPE2018

The N309K Pro-Protein Convertase Type 1 (PCSK1) Gene Mutation Causes Lack of Spontaneous Puberty and Primary Amenorrhea

Abdulhag Ulla Najwa , Sharaf Mona , Libdeh Abdulsalam Abu , Zangen David

Introduction: PCSK1/3 gene mutations are known as a cause for congenital diarrhea and various endocrinopathies. Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism and aberrant pubertal development due to pro-convertase dysfunction was not characterized yet. This study aimed to characterize the pubertal development in a family carrying the novel N309K mutation in the PCSK1 gene.Methods and Results: We Identified 2 siblings who presented with severe congenital diarrhea follow...

hrp0086fc5.5 | Management of Disorders of Insulin Secretion | ESPE2016

DPP-4 Inhibitor is an Alternative Effective Treatment in a Common Cause of Anti-GAD Negative “Type 1 Diabetes” - A Founder CISD2 Mutation

Abdulhag Ulla Najwa , Weinberg-Shukron Ariella , Abdelhadi Maha Atwan , Leibovitz Gil , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Aurbach Adi , Lavi Eran , Abassi Muntaser , Wilchansky Michael , Libdeh Abdelsalam Abu , Zangen David

Background: Wolfram syndrome type 2 (WFS2) characterized by childhood GI ulcers/ bleeding, diabetes, and neurodegeneration with optic atrophy and hearing loss was recently elucidated as caused by CISD2/NAF-1 gene mutation. NAF-1 suppression in cells results in intra-mitochondrial accumulation of iron, increased ROS generation and consequently increased cellular apoptosis. So far only two mutations in four families were reported.Objective: Elucidate the c...

hrp0089p3-p125 | Fat, Metabolism and Obesity P3 | ESPE2018

NKX2-2 Human Mutation Causes Neonatal Diabetes followed by Severe Infantile Obesity Associated with Paradoxical Upregulated Ghrelin Levels – Do Beta-cells Secrete Ghrelin?

Auerbach Adi , Cohen Amitay , Lavi Eran , Abdulhaq Najwa , Shokrun Ariella Weinberg , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Hemi Rina , David Zangen

Background: NKX2-2 gene mutation (reported in 3 cases worldwide) cause severe IUGR and neonatal diabetes. Beta-cells of the mice Nkx2-2 (−/−) model were recently shown to convert into cells producing the appetite-promoting peptide ghrelin. Classically, ghrelin secretion is stimulated during fast and suppressed by nutrients or glucose ingestion in all age groups. In obese children this ghrelin suppression reaches a minimum of 60% of base...

hrp0082p1-d1-184 | Perinatal and Neonatal Endocrinology | ESPE2014

Very Low Birth Weight <1500 g is Associated with Reduced Sex-Typical Behaviour in Childhood

Sankilampi Ulla , Hines Melissa , Lamminmaki Annamarja

Objective: Low birth weight and prematurity are linked to various behavioural outcomes. In addition, preterm (PT) infants show altered maturation of pituitary–gonadal axis, as demonstrated by its pronounced transient activation during the first postnatal months. Given that gonadal steroid hormones shape the basic processes of neural and behavioural sexual differentiation these elevated sex steroids in premature infants might affect the developing brain and alter subsequen...

hrp0086p1-p349 | Gonads &amp; DSD P1 | ESPE2016

Severe 5 Alpha Reductase 2 Deficiency with Aphallia is Caused by p.Y91H SRD5A2 Mutation and is Responsive to Dihydrotestosterone Administration During Childhood

Auerbach Adi , Weinberg Shokrun Ariella , Abdelhak Najwa , Lavi Eran , Hidas Guy , Landau Yehezkel , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Zangen David

Background: 5-alpha-reductase-2 (5α-RD2) deficiency is an autosomal recessive 46,XY disorder of sexual development, characterized by undervirilized prepubertal males with ambiguous genitalia. The pubertal rise in testosterone and 5α-RD1 isoenzyme activity causes virilization, often resulting in gender assignment change. Early precise diagnosis which anticipate adult function is critical for treatment and gender assignment.Objective and hypothes...

hrp0082p1-d2-40 | Bone | ESPE2014

Effects and Limitations of Cinacalcet Therapy in Neonatal Severe Hyperparathyroidism

Doehnert Ulla , Goepel Wolfgang , Hoeppner Wolfgang , Hiort Olaf

Background: Neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT) has been associated with inactivating mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) gene. Impaired inhibition of PTH secretion by extracellular ionized calcium and decreased urinary excretion of calcium leads to severe hypercalcemia in the first days of life. Calcium responsiveness of the CaSR is amplified by type 2 calcimimetic agents like cinacalcet, which has been able to normalize PTH and calcium levels in cases of...

hrp0082p1-d1-108 | Fat Metabolism &amp; Obesity | ESPE2014

The Impact of Antibiotic Exposure During Infancy on Weight and Height

Saari Antti , Virta Lauri , Sankilampi Ulla , Saxen Harri , Dunkel Leo

Background: Antibiotics have direct effects on human gut, and infant’s intestinal microbiota is particularly vulnerable for perturbation. In mice it was shown that antibiotics increased body fat mass due to changes in composition of the intestinal microbial community. Therefore, antibiotic exposure during infancy could be associated with increase in body mass also in man.Objective and hypotheses: To evaluate impact of antibiotic exposure, and its ti...

hrp0082p1-d2-152 | Growth (1) | ESPE2014

Longitudinal Growth of Healthy Preterm Infants Born Below 37 Gestation Weeks

Hyvonen Niina , Kiviranta Panu , Saari Antti , Dunkel Leo , Sankilampi Ulla

Background: The ideal pattern of postnatal growth for preterm infants is unknown. Existing preterm growth charts are based on cross-sectional birth size data, and fail to describe longitudinal growth adequately.Objective and hypotheses: We collected longitudinal growth data of healthy preterm infants and constructed growth references from birth to term equivalent age (TEA). Our aim was to describe optimal growth under contemporary neonatal care, in compa...

hrp0084fc4.5 | Growth | ESPE2015

Stunted Growth after Inhaled Corticosteroid Use during the First 24 Months of Life

Saari Antti , Virta Lauri , Dunkel Leo , Sankilampi Ulla

Background: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are used frequently in infants with recurrent wheezing. They may have potential adverse effects as treatment of childhood asthma with ICS decreases growth velocity and adult height. ICS treatment in infancy is thought to alter linear growth only little, but however, studies on ICS use in infancy and linear growth are practically lacking.Objective and hypotheses: To evaluate the impact of ICS on linear growth duri...

hrp0094p2-11 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2021

Rare Presentation of Adrenal Insufficiency in an Infant with Holocarboxylase Synthetase Deficiency

Al-Farsi Aws , Qureshi Tabinda Naz , Ullah Irfan , Al-Rahbi Najwa , Abdwani Raghad Al , Al-Musalhi Buthaina , Al-Thihl Khalid , Al-Shidhani Azza , Alsaffar Hussain ,

Introduction: Adrenal insufficiency can be caused by different factors. Biotin deficiency is either nutritional or related to synthesis/recycling defects. We are reporting a rare case of adrenal insufficiency complicating a late diagnosis of holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency in an infant who also had protein-S-deficiency, later thought to be secondary.Case: Term female infant born, to non-consanguineous parents, in good condition wit...