hrp0092p3-296 | Late Breaking Abstracts | ESPE2019

Neonatal Severe Hyperparathyroidism - Using Genetics to Determine Treatment

Avnon Ziv Carmit , Beeri Rachel , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Aurbach Adi , Levy-Khademi Floris

Background: Disorders of the calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) cause hyper- and hypo- calcemia, depending on the location and type of mutation. Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia is a benign disorder in which calcium levels are slightly elevated in the presence of slightly elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH). Neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT) is a rare life-threatening disorder in which there are high levels of calcium accompanied by high levels of pa...

hrp0086fc5.5 | Management of Disorders of Insulin Secretion | ESPE2016

DPP-4 Inhibitor is an Alternative Effective Treatment in a Common Cause of Anti-GAD Negative “Type 1 Diabetes” - A Founder CISD2 Mutation

Abdulhag Ulla Najwa , Weinberg-Shukron Ariella , Abdelhadi Maha Atwan , Leibovitz Gil , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Aurbach Adi , Lavi Eran , Abassi Muntaser , Wilchansky Michael , Libdeh Abdelsalam Abu , Zangen David

Background: Wolfram syndrome type 2 (WFS2) characterized by childhood GI ulcers/ bleeding, diabetes, and neurodegeneration with optic atrophy and hearing loss was recently elucidated as caused by CISD2/NAF-1 gene mutation. NAF-1 suppression in cells results in intra-mitochondrial accumulation of iron, increased ROS generation and consequently increased cellular apoptosis. So far only two mutations in four families were reported.Objective: Elucidate the c...

hrp0092p3-16 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2019

Pneumocystis Jiroveci Pneumonitis Complicating Neonatal Cushing's Syndrome - the Therapeutic Dilemma

Auerbach Adi , Gillis David , Megged Orly , Shahroor Sarit , Avnon-Ziv Carmit , Hirsch Harry , Levy-Khademi Floris

Background: Endogenous Neonatal Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a rare condition with around 100 cases reported worldwide. Pneumocystis Jiroveci pneumonitis (PJP) is a well described, albeit rare, complication of exogenous CS (i.e. CS resulting from external glucocorticoids). The pneumonitis usually occurs following reduction of glucocorticoid dosage and is therefore thought to be triggered by an inappropriate immune reaction evident after glucocorticoids withd...

hrp0086rfc9.1 | Pathophysiology of Disorders of Insulin Secretion | ESPE2016

Neonatal Diabetes due to NKX2.2 Mutation – Genotype, Clinical Phenotype and Therapeutic Challenges in a Very Low Birth Weight Diabetic Neonate

Auerbach Adi , Shlomai Noa Ofek , Shokrun Ariella Weinberg , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Zangen David

Background: Insulin treatment in a very low birth weight neonate having persistent hyperglycemia is challenging. The very recently reported novel human genetic cause of neonatal diabetes due to NKX2.2 pancreatic transcription factor mutations is associated with very low birth weight deliveries.Objective and hypotheses: To study the diagnostic process, the molecular genetics, the clinical phenotype, and the significant therapeutic challenges in the manage...

hrp0089p3-p125 | Fat, Metabolism and Obesity P3 | ESPE2018

NKX2-2 Human Mutation Causes Neonatal Diabetes followed by Severe Infantile Obesity Associated with Paradoxical Upregulated Ghrelin Levels – Do Beta-cells Secrete Ghrelin?

Auerbach Adi , Cohen Amitay , Lavi Eran , Abdulhaq Najwa , Shokrun Ariella Weinberg , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Hemi Rina , David Zangen

Background: NKX2-2 gene mutation (reported in 3 cases worldwide) cause severe IUGR and neonatal diabetes. Beta-cells of the mice Nkx2-2 (−/−) model were recently shown to convert into cells producing the appetite-promoting peptide ghrelin. Classically, ghrelin secretion is stimulated during fast and suppressed by nutrients or glucose ingestion in all age groups. In obese children this ghrelin suppression reaches a minimum of 60% of base...

hrp0086p1-p349 | Gonads & DSD P1 | ESPE2016

Severe 5 Alpha Reductase 2 Deficiency with Aphallia is Caused by p.Y91H SRD5A2 Mutation and is Responsive to Dihydrotestosterone Administration During Childhood

Auerbach Adi , Weinberg Shokrun Ariella , Abdelhak Najwa , Lavi Eran , Hidas Guy , Landau Yehezkel , Levy-Lahad Ephrat , Zangen David

Background: 5-alpha-reductase-2 (5α-RD2) deficiency is an autosomal recessive 46,XY disorder of sexual development, characterized by undervirilized prepubertal males with ambiguous genitalia. The pubertal rise in testosterone and 5α-RD1 isoenzyme activity causes virilization, often resulting in gender assignment change. Early precise diagnosis which anticipate adult function is critical for treatment and gender assignment.Objective and hypothes...

hrp0084p2-435 | Gonads | ESPE2015

Clinical Criteria Remain Paramount for the Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in the Adolescent Age Group

de Vries Liat , Weinberg Adi , Phillip Moshe

Background: Adolescent polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may be difficult to distinguish from pubertal changes and diagnosis remains a challenge.Objective and hypotheses: To investigate the value of different biochemical parameters for the diagnosis of PCOS and also to assess the prevalence of non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCCAH) among adolescent girls referred for clinical symptoms suggesting PCOS.Method: Retrospect...

hrp0092p1-32 | Diabetes and Insulin | ESPE2019

Heterozygous RFX6 Mutation as a Cause of Diabetes Mellitus in a Multigenerational Family

Zuckerman Levin Nehama , Paperna Tamar , Hershkovitz Tova , Mory Adi , Kurolap Alina , Mahameed Jamal , Feldman Hagit Baris , Shehadeh Naim

Background: Monogenic diabetes mellitus (DM) is an early-onset, non- autoimmune diabetes. Genetic diagnosis can personalize patient management and lead to prevention. We describe four generations of DM in one family, caused by a heterozygous mutation in the RFX6 gene. RFX6 (Regulatory factor X, 6) is essential for the development of the endocrine pancreas. Mutations in RFX6 can cause neonatal (Mitchell-Riley syndrome) as well as childhood DM,...