hrp0089p1-p161 | Growth & Syndromes P1 | ESPE2018

Analysis of Osteoblats Precursors in Girls with Turner Syndrome

Brunetti Giacomina , Chiarito Mariangela , Piacente Laura , Aceto Gabriella , Colucci Silvia , Colaianni Graziana , Grano Maria , D'Amato Gabriele , Felicia Faienza Maria

Background and aim: Subjects with Turner Syndrome (TS) show low cortical bone mineral density (BMD), osteoporosis and risk of fractures. Previously, we demonstrated the enhanced spontaneous osteoclastogenesis in girls and young women with TS before and after pubertal induction with hormonal replacement therapy (HRT). The bone resorption observed in girls before puberty induction seems to be supported by the high FSH serum levels observed at prepubertal stage, while in young wo...

hrp0086fc4.2 | Pathophysiology of Obesity | ESPE2016

Immune-Fat-Bone Axis in Obese Children: The Role of LIGHT

Brunetti Giacomina , Piacente Laura , Ventura Annamaria , Aceto Gabriella , Colucci Silvia , Cavallo Luciano , Grano Maria , Faienza Maria Felicia

Background: Obesity during childhood has been demonstrated to exert profound and lasting effects on bone strength and fracture risk. Furthermore, obesity is characterized by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress, with an increase in the mediators of innate immunity. It has been found that skeletal homeostasis is influenced by immune cells. LIGHT (lymphotoxin-like inducible protein that competes with glycoprotein D for herpesvirus entry on T cells) is emerging among cytokin...

hrp0092rfc6.2 | Bone, Growth Plate and Mineral Metabolism Session 2 | ESPE2019

High Levels of LIGHT/TNFSF14 in Prader-Willi Syndrome

Brunetti Giacomina , Fintini Danilo , Crinò Antonino , Piacente Laura , Convertino Alessio , Concetta Colucci Silvia , Grano Maria , Grugni Graziano , Faienza Maria Felicia

Background: Low bone mineral density (BMD) has been found in up to 50% of adolescents and adults with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). High fracture risk has been described in adult PWS patients. However, the mechanism/s of low BMD in PWS have not been clarified. These patients also display high BMI-SDS that prompted us to evaluate the levels of LIGHTTNFSF14, a cytokine involved in pathological bone remodeling and obesity.Objecti...

hrp0086fc5.6 | Management of Disorders of Insulin Secretion | ESPE2016

Impact of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion versus Multiple Daily Injections on Bone Health in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes

Faienza Maria Felicia , Delvecchio Maurizio , Ventura Annamaria , Aceto Gabriella , Piacente Laura , Zecchino Clara , Colucci Silvia , Grano Maria , Cavallo Luciano , Brunetti Giacomina

Background: Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and bone alterations, probably due to lack of insulin and chronic hyperglycemia. Sclerostin and Dickkopfs-1 (DKK-1) are Wnt signaling inhibitors involved in bone remodelling.Objective and hypotheses: To assess serum levels of DKK-1 and sclerostin in T1DM children and adolescents on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or multiple daily therapy (MDI). We hypoth...

hrp0084p2-205 | Bone | ESPE2015

Mechanism of Bone Disease in Prader-Willi Syndrome

Faienza Maria Felicia , Brunetti Giacomina , Grugni Graziano , Crino Antonino , Bocchini Sarah , Oranger Angela , Gigante Isabella , Piacente Laura , Ventura Annamaria , Colucci Silvia , Grano Maria , Cavallo Luciano , Delvecchio Maurizio

Background: Low bone mineral density (BMD) is found in up to 50% of adolescents and adults with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). High fracture risk has been described in adult PWS patients. This bone fragility could be due to inadequate gonadal hormones levels during pubertal development, and to relative growth hormone insufficiency during childhood and adolescence. However, the mechanism/s of low BMD in PWS have not been clarified.Objective and hypotheses: ...

hrp0089rfc6.6 | Fat, Metabolism and Obesity | ESPE2018

Effects of Cherry’s Extract on Increased Osteclastogenesis in Obese Children

Faienza Maria Felicia , Corbo Filomena , Carocci Alessia , Catalano Alessia , Piacente Laura , Clodoveo Maria Lisa , Bortolotti Sara , Storlino Giuseppina , Colucci Silvia , Grano Maria , D'Amato Gabriele , Brunetti Giacomina

The accumulation of adipose tissue, especially visceral fat, represents a risk factor for reduced bone mineral density and spontaneous fractures. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the complex relationship between adipose tissue and bone. Obesity is associated with the production of inflammatory cytokines both by adipocytes and immune cells which may stimulate bone resorption and reduce bone strength. Studies in vitro and in vivo have reported t...

hrp0089p3-p354 | Sex Differentiation, Gonads and Gynaecology or Sex Endocrinology P3 | ESPE2018

Emblematic Case CAH

Chahin Silvia , Mejia Federico

Introduction: The National Registry of Civil Status through circular 33 of February 24, 2015 instructed the guidelines for the allocation of a sex through an inscription on the Civil Registry of Birth for intersexual minors.Objective: To create clinical and medical awareness on the importance of making an accurate diagnosis of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia CAH in order to avoid adverse effects due the omission of the due diligence by violating of the pr...

hrp0089p3-p355 | Sex Differentiation, Gonads and Gynaecology or Sex Endocrinology P3 | ESPE2018

The Republic of Colombia Has a Constitutional Jurisprudential Precedent Identified as T622 of 2014,1 This Sentence Reaffirms the Importance of the Accurate Diagnosis of Intersexual Patients and Updates How the State Looks at Them2

Ferreyra Silvia Cristina Chahin , Alvarez Federico Mejia

Cause: The Colombian Society of Urology published in May 1993; A Modern Approach to Sexual Ambiguity Syndromes which discuses sexual differentiation and sexual disorders associated with sexual development to determine a binary gender with surgical reconstruction.Objective: Gather the members of ACEP (Colombian Association for Pediatric Endocrinology) to clarify, update and create an approach of human sexuality from a biosociocultural pe...

hrp0084p2-425 | GH & IGF | ESPE2015

Comparison of Baseline Parameters and Response to GH Treatment in 125 Children with Short Stature with Eight Different Diagnosis

Ioimo Irene , Mussa Alessandro , Vannelli Silvia , Feyles Francesca , Einaudi Silvia , Matarazzo Patrizia

Background: Response to rhGH treatment is variable among GH deficiency (GHD), GH insensitivity and several intermediate conditions.Aims and objectives: To compare baseline parameters and response to rhGH treatment in eight diagnostic categories of patients with short stature.Methods: We selected 125 prepubertal children presenting at least 2 years of rhGH treatment (mean 5.29 years, range 2–15.6 years), hormonal and clinic par...

hrp0094p1-137 | Growth Hormone and IGFs A | ESPE2021

Persistently increased IGF-I levels and excellent auxological response despite low doses of recombinant growth hormone in a GH-deficient patient with a heterozygous variant of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene

Laura Nicolosi Maria , Cattoni Alessandro , Maitz Silvia , Marco Santo Di , Biondi Andrea , Molinari Silvia ,

Introduction: Homozygous loss-of-function mutations of the growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene result in GH insensitivity due to a dysfunctional receptor protein. Heterozygous mutations may result in a variable clinical spectrum ranging from normal height to severe short stature. Gain-of-function variants have been reported rarely.Case Report: We hereby report the case of a Russian boy who was referred to our endocrine o...