hrp0084p3-1253 | Programming & Misc. | ESPE2015

Newborns with Longest Telomeres are Big at Birth and Have Most Lean Mass: Not Most Fat: in Late Infancy

Silva Marta Diaz , Lopez-Bermejo Abel , Toda Lourdes Ibanez , de Zeguer Francis

Background: Telomere length at birth is a major determinant of telomere length at later ages, up into senescence. However, the prenatal setting of telomere length is poorly understood. Individuals born large are at lower risk for later-life disorders, such as diabetes, than those born small, a feature of their longer health span being a higher lean mass that provides more muscle strength and is already present in infancy.Objective and hypotheses: To asse...

hrp0086p1-p444 | Fat Metabolism and Obesity P1 | ESPE2016

Neonatal Overfeeding Alters Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity During Lactation and Leads to Long-term Insulin Resistance and Fatty Liver in Mice: Key Role of Mogat1

Ramon-Krauel Marta , Pentinat Thais , Cebria Judith , Vila Maria , Perez-Wienese Ricky , Kalko Susana , Tietge Uwe , Plosch Torsten , Diaz Ruben , Jimenez-Chillaron Josep

Background: Excessive energy intake and rapid weight gain early in life are associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, hepatic steatosis and other features of the metabolic syndrome. The monoacylglycerol acyltransferase (MGAT) is an enzyme involved in an alternative pathway for triglyceride (TAG) synthesis and storage. It has been recently proposed to have potential implications in the pathogenesis of hepatic insulin resistance (IR).Objective: To understa...

hrp0082p2-d1-365 | Fat Metabolism & Obesity | ESPE2014

Large-Born Infants Switch from an Adipose to a Lean and Insulin-Sensitive State with Low Concentrations of Circulating Myostatin and Follistatin

Sebastiani Giorgia , Cruz Miriam Perez , Silva Marta Diaz , Roig Maria Dolores Gomez , Bermejo Abel Lopez , Toda Lourdes Ibanez , De Zegher Francis

Background: Muscle is key to glucose metabolism. Myogenesis is completed in early infancy, partly under the inhibitory control of myostatin, a myokine whose actions can be influenced by follistatin. Early lowering of myostatin actions is thus a potential strategy to reduce the risk for later diabetes.Objective and hypotheses: We performed a first screening of whether such lowering is among the natural mechanisms whereby some human infants augment their l...

hrp0089p3-p401 | Growth & Syndromes P3 | ESPE2018

Is Using a Specific Growth Charts a Chance to be More Precise in Evaluation the Growth of the Children and Adolescence with Down Syndrome? Comparison of the Down’s Syndrome Growth Charts with the Growth Charts for Polish Population

Barg Ewa , Hetman Marta

Introduction: Down syndrome (DS) is a chromosomal disorder. Children with DS have different height and weight patterns compared to children without DS. The aim of our study was to compare anthropometric parameters (expressed in standard deviation score-SDS) of people with DS using charts for DS and population (P) charts.Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 114 patients with DS (64 girls), aged 4 months – 36 years (average age: 8.2 yea...

hrp0094p1-28 | Diabetes A | ESPE2021

Glycemic control and changes in habits in patients with type 1 diabetes during the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic

Valls Aina , Murillo Marta ,

Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has forced the authorities to impose a lockdown to minimize the risk of infection. This extreme and prolonged situation has caused changes in habits, dietary and glycemic control in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and Flash glucose monitoring (FGM) have allowed health care professionals to a remote control of the patients.Aim: The aim of the stu...

hrp0094p1-71 | Fetal Endocrinology and Multisystem Disorders A | ESPE2021

Morning salivary cortisol and stress response in term and preterm infants hospitalized in the intensive care unit.

Olszewska Marta , Kwinta Przemko ,

Background: Newborns admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are exposed to multiple painful and stressful procedures. It is postulated that high pain exposure in the first weeks of life can have a long-lasting impact on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Assessment of the salivary cortisol (SC) is a useful method for non-invasive monitoring of baseline activity and stress response of HPA axis.Objective: An...

hrp0095p2-47 | Bone, Growth Plate and Mineral Metabolism | ESPE2022

Severe hypophosphatemia in a girl with vitamin D-dependent rickets type I: a case report

Menichetti Sofia , Ferrari Marta , Stagi Stefano

Introduction: Vitamin D-dependent rickets type I (OMIM # 264700) is a rare autosomical recessive disorder that affects vitamin-D metabolism characterized by severe hypocalcaemia with moderate hypophosphatemia. The most common form is type IA, caused by the mutation of gene coding for 1-alpha-hydroxylase (CYP27B1OMIM * 609506. 12q14) that converts the 25-OH-vitaminD in 1,25-OH-vitaminD.Case report: A 2.3 years female with...

hrp0095p2-169 | Growth and Syndromes | ESPE2022

Response to Treatment with Recombinant Growth Hormone in Children and Adolescents with Short Stature Associated with Noonan Syndrome

Ramon-Krauel Marta , Suárez Ortega Larisa

Introduction: Noonan Syndrome (NS) is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in the RAS/MAPK pathway. The clinical phenotype is variable; however, short stature is present in more than 80% of cases. Several clinical trials have been conducted over the last decades using recombinant growth hormone (rhGH) in NS to treat short stature demonstrating efficacy and safety which lead to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) approval in 2020.<stron...

hrp0092p2-48 | Bone, Growth Plate and Mineral Metabolism | ESPE2019

Novel Mutation of the Prkar1a Gene in a Girl with Clinical Diagnosis of Pseudohypoparathyroidism

Toromanovic Alma , Francesca Marta Elli , Mantovani Giovanna

Introduction: Despite the high detection rate of GNAS molecular defects, about 30% of patients with a clinical suspect of PHP/AHO still lack a confirming molecular diagnosis. Mutations in genes encoding proteins crucial for cAMP-mediated signaling have been recently detected in a small subset of patients negative for GNAS defects, showing a phenotypic overlap between PHP and Acrodysostosis.Clinical case pres...

hrp0092p2-130 | Fat, Metabolism and Obesity | ESPE2019

Severe Obesity – Much More Than an Unhealthy Lifestyle

Matias Joana , Amorim Marta , Limbert Catarina

Introduction: Pediatric obesity is an important public health problem. Exogenous obesity represents most cases; in some children, obesity is attributable to endocrine or genetic disorders. Genetic etiology should be considered in children with dysmorphic features, global developmental delay, early onset severe obesity (before 5 years), hyperphagia or severe obesity family history. Regardless of the etiology, treatment must begin with long-term lifestyle change...