hrp0094wg5.1 | ESPE Working Group on Paediatric and Adolescent Gynaecology (PAG) Symposium | ESPE2021

Deciphering the genetics of central precocious puberty

Latronico Ana Claudia ,

Puberty is a crucial biological process normally occurring at a specific time during the lifespan, during which sexual and somatic maturation are completed, and reproductive capacity is reached. Pubertal timing is not only determined by genetics, but also by endogenous and environmental cues, including nutritional and metabolic signals. During the last decade, we have learned much regarding the essential roles of kisspeptins and the neuropeptide pathways that converge on these...

hrp0086fc7.6 | Gonads & DSD | ESPE2016

Whole-Exome Sequencing Reveals RAD51B Variant in Two Sisters with Primary Ovarian Failure

Franca Monica , Funari Mariana , Nishi Mirian , Domenice Sorahia , Latronico Ana Claudia , Jorge Alexander , Lerario Antonio , Mendonca Berenice

Background: Primary ovarian failure (POF) is a major cause of female infertility. POF is characterized by amenorrhea, hypo-estrogenism and elevated gonadotrophin levels. In POF disorder, several genetic alterations have been described, however in most of the patients the etiology of this disorder remains unknown.Objective and hypotheses: To identify new genes implicated in the development of POF using Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS).<p class="abstex...

hrp0086p1-p726 | Pituitary and Neuroendocrinology P1 | ESPE2016

Time Course of Central Precocious Puberty Development Caused by an MKRN3 Gene Mutation: A Prismatic Case

Stecchini Monica , Macedo Delanie , Reis Ana Claudia , Abreu Ana Paula , Moreira Ayrton , Castro Margaret , Kaiser Ursula , Latronico Ana Claudia , Antonini Sonir

Background: Loss-of-function mutations in the imprinted gene MKRN3 represent the most common known genetic defects associated with central precocious puberty (CPP). The penetrance of these mutations remains to be established. To date, all reported individuals with MKRN3 mutations were already in puberty or postpubertal and were identified retrospectively.Objective and hypotheses: To report the first case of a prepubertal child with an MKRN3 muta...

hrp0092rfc8.2 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty Session 1 | ESPE2019

Investigation of Imprinting Alterations in MKRN3 and DLK1 in a Cohort of Girls with Central Precocious Puberty Through Specific DNA Methylation Analysis

Canton Ana , Steunou Virginie , Brito Vinicius , Laure Sobrier Marie , Montenegro Luciana , Bessa Danielle , Mendonca Berenice B , Netchine Irène , Latronico Ana Claudia

Background: Loss of imprinting has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several human diseases. Monogenic causes of central precocious puberty (CPP) were identified in families with loss-of-function mutations in two paternally expressed imprinted genes: Makorin zinc finger 3 (MKRN3) and Delta-like 1 homolog (DLK1). The role of imprinting defects in CPP has not been described so far.Objective: To inves...

hrp0089rfc9.1 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty 1 | ESPE2018

Clinical and Genetic Features of Central Precocious Puberty Associated with Complex Phenotypes

Canton Ana , Brito Vinicius , Montenegro Luciana , Ramos Carolina , Macedo Delanie , Bessa Danielle , Cunha Marina , Jorge Alexander , Mendonca Berenice , Latronico Ana Claudia

Background: Idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP) is mostly described as an isolated entity. A few studies have shown its association with clinical syndromes and rare cases of chromosomal abnormalities.Objective: To clinically characterize patients with CPP, pointing out prevalent associated conditions and phenotypes.Patients and Methods: One hundred and forty-five patients with idiopathic CPP were retrospectively evaluated. ...

hrp0082ha1 | Deciphering the functional mechanisms by which MKRN3 regulates puberty initiation | ESPE2014

Deciphering the Functional Mechanisms by which MKRN3 Regulates Puberty Initiation

Abreu Ana Paula , Navarro Victor , Bosch Martha , Liang Joy , Macedo Delanie , Simavli Serap , Noel Sekoni , Thompson Iain , Ronnekleiv Oline , Carroll Rona , Latronico Ana Claudia , Kaiser Ursula

Background: We recently identified loss-of-function mutations in makorin ring finger 3 (MKRN3) as a cause of familial central precocious puberty (CPP). Analysis of Mkrn3 expression in the arcuate nucleus of mice showed high expression levels in juvenile mice, with a marked reduction prior to puberty onset, suggesting that MKRN3 inhibits puberty initiation. The function of MKRN3 is not known but based on its amino acid sequence, it is predicted to act as an ubiquitin l...

hrp0084lbp-1261 | Late Breaking Posters | ESPE2015

POLR3H Variant is Associated with Primary Ovarian Failure in Two Families

Franca Monica , Funari Mariana , Domenice Sorahia , Nishi Mirian , Costa Elaine , Gontijo Leticia , Latronico Ana Claudia , Jorge Alexander , Lerario Antonio , Mendonca Berenice

Background: Primary ovarian failure (POF) is a major cause of female infertility. POF is characterized by amenorrhea, hypo-estrogenism, and elevated gonadotrophin levels. In POF disorder, several genetic alterations have been described, however in most of the patients the etiology of this disorder remains unknown.Objective and hypotheses: To identify new genes implicated in the development of POF using whole-exome sequencing (WES)....

hrp0082p1-d1-207 | Reproduction | ESPE2014

Analysis of the WDR11 Gene in Patients with Isolated Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism with and without Olfactory Defects

Silveira Leticia FG , Montenegro Luciana R , Costa Elaine MF , Latronico Ana C

Background: The WDR11 gene was recently involved in the pathogenesis of isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH). In 2010, Kim et al. (1) identified five different heterozygous missense WDR11 rare variants in six of 201 IHH patients (five normosmic IHH and one Kallmann syndrome), which were absent in more than 400 controls. Animal studies demonstrated that WDR11 interacts with EMX1, a homeodomain transcription factor involved in the development of olfacto...

hrp0082p3-d1-667 | Bone | ESPE2014

Metabolic and Bone Disorders in Vertically HIV-Infected Children

Vivanco Maritza , Riveros Constanza , Balboa Paulina , Hevia Mariana , Vizueta Eloisa , Maria Chavez Ana , Villarroel Julia , Maria Alvarez Ana , Torrejon Claudia

Background: Life expectancy of children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has increased due to highly active antiretroviral therapy. Metabolic disorders and changes in bone mineral density (BMD) are common in adult patients with HIV. There are few studies evaluating metabolic and bone involvement in children.Objective and hypotheses: To evaluate metabolic disorders and BMD in vertically HIV-infected children in four Chilean hospitals.<p class="...

hrp0092p1-262 | Sex Differentiation, Gonads and Gynaecology or Sex Endocrinology (1) | ESPE2019

Long-Term Outcome in Leydig Cell Hypoplasia

Boncompagni Alessandra , Bryce Jillian , Lucaccioni Laura , Iughetti Lorenzo , Acerini Carlo , Cuccaro Rieko T , Bertelloni Silvano , Hannema Sabine E , Darendeliler F Feyza , Poyrazoglu Sükran , Denzer Friederike , Batista Rafael L , Domenice Sorahia , Latronico Ana C , Mendonça Berenice B , Rey Rodolfo , Ahmed S Faisal

Background: Leydig Cell Hypoplasia (LCH) is a very rare autosomal recessive condition that is manifested by a wide spectrum of phenotypes, ranging from completely female external genitalia to male genitalia. Long-term outcome in these patients is unclear.Objectives: To assess sex assignment, clinical characteristics and long-term outcome of 46,XY LCH cases.Patients and Methods: Thr...