hrp0082p3-d3-944 | Puberty and Neuroendocrinology (1) | ESPE2014

Central Precocious Puberty and Autism: Three Cases Report

Amaral Daniela , Lopes Lurdes

Background: Central precocious puberty (CPP) is a rare disorder that occurs five times more often in girls. Patients are mostly healthy children whose pubertal maturation begins at an early age: girls <8 years; and boys <9 years. Imaging usually reveals no abnormalities in girls while in boys abnormal MRI findings are more frequent.Objective and hypotheses: We describe three cases of CPP in children with autism, a rarely reported association....

hrp0089p3-p368 | Thyroid P3 | ESPE2018

Amiodarone Induced Hyperthyroidism in a Pediatric Patient

Marques Bernardo , Oliveira Sofia , Laranjo Sergio , Lopes Lurdes

Introduction: Thyroid dysfunction is the most common side effect of amiodarone therapy, ranging from subclinical changes to overt clinical thyrotoxicosis (AIT) and/or hypothyroidism (AIH). Two major types of AIT have been described: type I usually develops in multinodular goiter or in preexisting GravesÂ’ disease where an overload of iodine is responsible for the overproduction of thyroid hormones, and type II presents as a destructive thyroiditis, with release of pre-form...

hrp0086p2-p497 | Fat Metabolism and Obesity P2 | ESPE2016

Cardiometabolic Effect of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Reduction in Obese Children

Galhardo Julia , Diamantino Catarina , Alonso Anabela , Lopes Lurdes

Background: The excessive consumption of sucrose, primarily used in sweetened beverages, has been considered an important inducer of cardiometabolic diseases. Besides the association between metabolic syndrome and fructose found in animal models, literature is lacking prospective studies in humans, especially in paediatric ages.Objective and hypotheses: We assessed the effect of sugar-sweetened beverages reduction on markers of metabolic syndrome in obes...

hrp0082p1-d1-62 | Diabetes | ESPE2014

Effect of Adjunctive Therapy with Cholecalciferol on Residual β-Cell Function in Recent-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: a Prospective Pilot Study

Fitas Ana Laura , Almeida Ana Filipa , Limbert Catarina , Lopes Lurdes

Background: Several studies have suggested that vitamin D supplementation in early childhood is successful in decreasing the risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D) through a complex immunomodulatory role. However, Intervening in disease once clinical symptoms have appeared and autoreactive immune responses are active might be more challenging. Controlled trials with vitamin D supplementation in recent-onset T1D have shown mixed results.Objective and hypotheses: T...

hrp0084p2-546 | Puberty | ESPE2015

Gynecomastia with Precocious Onset in Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome: Managing the Aromatase Overexpression

Simoes-Pereira Joana , Marques Ana Filipa , Limbert Catarina , Lopes Lurdes

Background: Testicular tumours are an unusual cause of prepubertal gynecomastia. However, in boys with Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS), a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutation in LKB1/STK11 gene, is mandatory to exclude this etiology, given the well-known association between PJS and Large-Cell Calcyfing Sertoli-Cell Tumor (LCCSCT). This mutation promotes aromatase overexpression in neoplastic Sertoli-cells, leading to gynecomastia.Case present...

hrp0094p2-3 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2021

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals: an often-forgotten etiology of endocrinological disturbances

Lemos Ana Pereira , Duarte Mariana , Galhardo Julia , Lopes Lurdes ,

Background: Endocrine disruptors (ED) are chemicals that can mimic hormones and interfere with their receptors, causing endocrinological abnormalities.Clinical report: We present the case of a previously healthy, melanodermic, two-year-old female, who had a three-month evolution of clitoromegaly and generalized hypertrichosis. Endocrine blood work showed suppressed serum androgens suggesting steroid exogenous contact. Karyotype, bone age...

hrp0094p2-41 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2021

Corticotropin-independent Cushing’s Syndrome in toddlerhood: a challenging diagnosis and treatment

Simoes Joana , Crisostomo Mafalda , Costa Durval , Galhardo Julia , Lopes Lurdes ,

Background: Endogenous CushingÂ’s Syndrome (CS) is a rare disease in children, and corticotropin-independent forms are even scarcer. In childhood it carries a significant burden, resulting from both prolonged hypercortisolism long-term effects and treatment-associated morbidity.Case Report: A 23-month-old girl presented with irritability, central obesity with rapid weight gain and arrested linear growth, cushingoid facies with facial...

hrp0094p2-339 | Multisystem endocrine disorders | ESPE2021

Three generations of MEN-1: the importance of family screening

Duarte Mariana , Pereira Lemos Ana , Galhardo Julia , Lopes Lurdes ,

Background: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) is a rare and underdiagnosed syndrome caused by inactivating mutations of the tumor suppressor gene MEN-1 that predisposes to multiple tumors classically situated in the anterior Pituitary, Parathyroid, and Pancreas. The mutation is transmitted in an autosomal dominant way, and for this reason, the screening of all first-degree relatives is mandatory afte...

hrp0082p3-d3-749 | Diabetes (4) | ESPE2014

Hyperglycemia: MODY: a Diagnosis to Remember

Monteiro Ricardo , Fitas Ana Laura , Amado Marta , Pina Rosa , Lopes Lurdes

Background: The detection of hyperglycemia on occasional evaluation raises the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM). Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), namely glucokinase deficiency, should be considered in cases of non-progressive hyperglycemia associated with a positive family history.Objective and hypotheses: We describe two unrelated cases of asymptomatic hyperglycemia where glucokinase mutations were detected.Method: ...

hrp0094p2-33 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2021

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia with a CYP21A2 deletion overlapping Tenascin-X gene

Rodrigues Ivo Catarina , Fitas Ana Laura , Madureira Ines , Diamantino Catarina , Gomes Susana , Goncalves Joao , Lopes Lurdes ,

Introduction: Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of genetic diseases characterized by impaired cortisol synthesis. 95% of CAH cases result from mutation in the CYP21A2 gene encoding 21-hydroxilase. TNX-B gene partially overlaps CYP21A2 and encodes a matrix protein called Tenascin-X (TNX). Complete tenascin deficiency causes Enlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). A variant called CAH-X, has recently been described, resulting from CYP21...