hrp0086rfc5.5 | Management of Disorders of Insulin Secretion | ESPE2016

The Efficacy of Insulin Degludec in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes

Bruzzi Patrizia , Maltoni Giulio , Predieri Barbara , Zucchini Stefano , Iughetti Lorenzo

Background: Insulin degludec (IDeg; Tresiba®) is a novel basal insulin with an ultra-long, flat and stable action profile. In adults, it provides a more consistent glucose-lowering effect and lower rates of hypoglycaemia than glargine (IGlar). Data on children and adolescents are scarce.Objective and hypotheses: To assess efficacy of IDeg among children and adolescents affected by type 1 diabetes (T1DM) previously on IGlar.Met...

hrp0092p2-92 | Diabetes and Insulin | ESPE2019

An Impaired Lipid Profile is a Sign of Reduced Insulin Sensitivity in Children and Adolescents at Type 1 Diabetes Onset

Maltoni Giulio , Zucchini Stefano , Zioutas Maximiliano , Di Natale Valeria , Cassio Alessandra

At type 1 diabetes (T1D) onset, international guidelines reccommend a starting subcutaneous insulin dose widely ranging from 0,5 to 1 u/kg/day. In fact, many factors such as age, pubertal stage and the severity of ketoacidosis, may influence insulin sensitivity. However, it is a common experience that many subjects may require a higher insulin daily dose than expected, with the subsequent need of longer time to achieve stable blood glucose values and the extension of days of h...

hrp0089p3-p267 | Multisystem Endocrine Disorders P3 | ESPE2018

Unusual Clinical Presentation of Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathy Type 1

Baronio Federico , Ortolano Rita , Ferrari Simona , Cassio Alessandra , Maltoni Giulio , Tonti Giacomo , Balsamo Antonio

Background: Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) or autoimmune polyendocrinopathy type 1 (APS-1) is a rare monogenic autosomal recessive disease due to pathogenic variants in the AIRE gene. APECED usually begins during early childhood with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC), followed by hypopathyroidism (HP) and AddisonÂ’s disease (AD); however, other endocrine and non-endocrine components may occur with a different prevalen...

hrp0086p2-p835 | Syndromes: Mechanisms and Management P2 | ESPE2016

Turner Syndrome: Does GH Treatment Influence Glucose Homeostasis?

Baronio Federico , Lupi Fiorenzo , Girtler Ylenia , Tamburrino Federica , Maltoni Giulio , Scarano Emanuela , Mazzanti Laura , Radetti Giorgio

Background: Growth hormone (GH) has been shown to reduce insulin sensitivity in Turner girls, however a compensatory increase of insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells usually occurs, probably stimulated by GH itself. Oral disposition index (ODI) express the capacity of beta cells to adapt to insulin sensitivity.Objective and hypotheses: To study longitudinally the insulin sensitivity (HOMA-S), the insulin secretion (IGI) and the ODI in a group of gi...

hrp0084p3-712 | Diabetes | ESPE2015

A Novel Compound Heterozygous Mutation in an Adolescent with Insulin-dependent Diabetes: A Case Report of Wolfram Syndrome

Maltoni Giulio , Mantovani Vilma , Zucchini Stefano , Cristalli Carlotta Pia , Minardi Raffaella , Mazzanti Laura

Background: Wolfram syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by non-autoimmune diabetes mellitus and progressive optic atrophy. WS includes other possible disorders, such as diabetes insipidus, sensorineural deafness, genitourinary tract problems, neurological or psychiatric disorders and others.Case presentation: A 12-years-old boy presented with glicosuria and shortly developed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus...

hrp0086p2-p854 | Syndromes: Mechanisms and Management P2 | ESPE2016

Growth Pattern, Response to GH Treatment and the Effects of Pubertal Spurt on Final Height in Patients Affected by RASopathies

Tamburrino Federica , Scarano Emanuela , Perri Annamaria , Casto Celeste , Maltoni Giulio , Mazzanti Laura

Background: Reduced growth is a common feature in RASopathies. Poor data are available about pubertal spurt and the effect on final height (FH) in patients with these disorders.Objective and hypotheses: To study growth, body proportions, pubertal pattern, and FH including subject treated with GH-therapy for proven GH deficiency.Method: We analized growth trend and body proportions in 88 patients affected by RASopathies with molecul...

hrp0082p1-d1-59 | Diabetes | ESPE2014

A Randomized, Crossover Pilot Study Comparing Glycemic Control and Satisfaction with an Indwelling Catheter (I-PORT Advance) for Insulin Administration in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes on Basal-Bolus Treatment

Maltoni Giulio , Martini Anna Lisa , Rollo Alessandra , Perri Annamaria , Zucchini Stefano

Background: Intensive insulin treatment allows a good metabolic control and prevents long-term complications. Basal-bolus regimen is the best treatment for children with type 1 diabetes T1D but requires several insulin injections a day. The needle-fear and discomfort felt by the child and parents/caregivers for insulin administration is one of the main obstacle to good compliance.Objective and hypotheses: To compare glycemic control and satisfaction with...

hrp0089p2-p033 | Adrenals and HPA Axis P2 | ESPE2018

Quantitative Ultrasound Evaluation in a Cohort of 43 Young Adults with Classical CAH due to 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency (21OHD): Is Bone Mineral Quality Impaired?

Baronio Federico , Balsamo Antonio , Ortolano Rita , Massaccesi Nicoletta , Bettocchi Ilaria , Zioutas Maximiliano , Maltoni Giulio , Zucchini Stefano , Cassio Alessandra

Background: In young adults patients (pts) with CAH due to 21OHD few and conflicting data have been reported on bone mineral quality (BMQ) evaluated by quantitative ultrasound (QUS).Objective and hypotheses: To evaluate the bone mineral status by QUS variables assessed at proximal phalanges of the hand in a cohort of young adults with classical CAH due to 21OHD and the possible associations with their clinical and metabolic features.<p class="abstext...

hrp0082p2-d1-590 | Thyroid | ESPE2014

Thyroid Disorders in Siblings of CH Patients with Thyroid Dysgenesis

Cassio Alessandra , Ruscio Valentina Di , Baronio Federico , Bettocchi Ilaria , Cantasano Antonella , Bal Milva Orquidea , Balsamo Antonio , Maltoni Giulio , Mazzanti Laura

Background: Thyroid dysgenesis has been considered a sporadic disease, but recent observations suggested a possible genetic basis.Objective and hypotheses: The aim of our report is to evaluate the incidence of hormonal and ultrasound thyroid anomalies in siblings of CH patients with thyroid dysgenesis.Method: In Emilia-Romagna Region (Italy) 328 CH infants were diagnosed by neonatal screening between January 2000 and December 2012....

hrp0084p3-701 | Diabetes | ESPE2015

HbA1c Rather Than BMI Lifestyle and Adherence to Mediterranean Diet is the Major Determinant of Triglyceride/HDL Cholesterol Ratio in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes

Poluzzi Silvia , Zucchini Stefano , Maltoni Giulio , Zioutas Maximiliano , Balsamo Claudia , Morselli-Labate Antonio Maria , Nardi Elena , Mazzanti Laura

Background: Triglyceride (TG)/HDL ratio has recently been considered a index of cardio-metabolic risk in healthy and obese subjects. Diet, lifestyle indexes, anthropometric parameters, and metabolic control are the variables with possible influence on belonging to a certain cardio-metabolic risk group.Objective and hypotheses: To identify whether HbA1c per se has an influence on TG/HDL and to study other possible variables influencing the ratio....