hrp0086p1-p119 | Bone & Mineral Metabolism P1 | ESPE2016

Novel p.Asn628Ser Heterozygous Mutation in FGFR1 is Associated with Hartsfield Syndrome and Tumoral Calcinosis

Prasad Rathi , Brewer Carole , Burren Christine

Background: Our patient, a male infant has bilateral cleft lip and palate, bilateral split hand and foot, semilobar holoprosencephaly and specific pituitary defects (cranial diabetes insipidus, gonadotrophin deficiency). He developed tumoral calcinosis at 16 months.Objective and hypotheses: Our patient’s phenotype is suggestive of Hartsfield syndrome. We hypothesise that he harbours a FGFR1 mutation given recently published findings associa...

hrp0089p1-p191 | Multisystem Endocrine Disorders P1 | ESPE2018

SGPL1 Missense Mutation in an Infant with Primary Adrenal Insufficiency (PAI), Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome, Primary Hypothyroidism and Gonadal Failure

Maharaj Avinaash , Wallace Dean , Banerjee Indi , Prasad Rathi , Metherell Lou

Background: Loss of function mutations in SGPL1 have previously been described by our group in association with a multisystemic disorder encompassing PAI and nephrotic syndrome. SGPL1 encodes, sphingosine 1-phosphate lyase (SGPL1), which irreversibly binds sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and commits it to the final degradative step in sphingolipid metabolism. SGPL1 is therefore a major modulator of S1P signalling. Several sphingolipid intermediates such as cera...

hrp0094p1-80 | Fetal Endocrinology and Multisystem Disorders A | ESPE2021

Sphingosine 1- phosphate lyase insufficiency syndrome (SPLIS) as a cause of primary adrenal insufficiency and primary hypogonadism

Kwong Ruth , Maharaj Avinaash , Metherell Lou , Prasad Rathi ,

Sphingosine 1-phosphate lyase insufficiency syndrome (SPLIS) was described in 2017 as a novel condition affecting sphingolipid metabolism, with bi-allelic loss of function mutations in SGPL1. There is a multisystemic phenotype including steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome and primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) and to a lesser extent ichthyosis, neurological disease and lymphopenia. Hypogonadism is described amongst some affected patients. To interrogate the steroid ...

hrp0089rfc1.3 | Adrenals & HPA Axis | ESPE2018

Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Lyase (SGPL1) Deficiency is Associated with Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Maharaj Avinaash , Bradshaw Teisha , Williams Jack , Guran Tulay , Braslavsky Debora , Brugger Britta , Metherell Lou , Prasad Rathi

Background: Loss of function mutations in SGPL1, a key component of sphingolipid metabolism, are associated with accumulation of sphingolipid intermediates giving rise to a multisystemic disease incorporating primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) and progressive renal and neurological disease. Sphingolipids are implicated in mitochondrial apoptosis via induction of mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization, cytosolic release of inter-membranal cytochrome c and activ...

hrp0092fc13.5 | Adrenals and HP Axis | ESPE2019

SGPL1 Deficiency Leads to Downregulation of Key Enzymes Within the Steroidogenic Pathway

Maharaj Avinaash , Meimaridou Eirini , Williams Jack , Güran Tülay , Braslavsky Debora , Metherell Louise , Prasad Rathi

Background: SGPL1 deficiency is associated with a pathological accumulation of sphingolipid intermediates and a multi-systemic condition incorporating primary adrenal insufficiency. Sphingolipid intermediates such as ceramide, sphingosine and sphingosine 1-phosphate are postulated to act as modulators of the steroidogenic pathway, often acting as second messengers altering downstream expression of steroid responsive transcriptional elements. Ceramide and sphin...

hrp0089fc1.6 | Adrenals & HPA Axis | ESPE2018

A Novel Stem Cell Model for the Triple A Syndrome

Da Costa Alexandra Rodrigues , Qarin Shamma , Bradshaw Teisha Y. , Watson David , Prasad Rathi , Barnes Michael R. , Metherell Louise A. , Chapple J. Paul , Skarnes William C. , Storr Helen L.

Triple A syndrome (AAAS) is a rare, incurable, recessive disorder, characterised by achalasia, alacrima, adrenal failure and a neurodegenerative phenotype. The AAAS gene encodes ALADIN, is a nuclear pore complex (NPC) protein necessary for nuclear import of DNA protective molecules, important for redox homeostasis. ALADIN’s role is not fully characterised: its discovery at the centrosome and the endoplasmic reticulum suggests a role outside the NPC. To date, the ...

hrp0089fc9.6 | Pituitary, neuroendocrinology and Puberty 1 | ESPE2018

National UK Guidelines for Screening, Multi-Disciplinary Team Management and Long-Term Follow-Up of Children and Young People (CYP) with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1)

Crowne Elizabeth , Prasad Rathi , Newey Paul , Bradley Karin , Charnley Richard , Doran Helen , Callaway Mark , Mayhew Jonathan , Shine Brian , Izatt Louise , Spoudeas Helen , Harrison Barney

Background: The management of MEN1 in CYP<19 years is challenging due to its rarity, and diverse presentations of its component tumours to several adult and paediatric medical and surgical specialists. There is little high quality evidence for treatment recommendations.Aim: To ensure age- and tumour-specific paediatric and adult teams are involved in co-ordinated discussions to improve high quality care and hence survival and reduce long term morbidi...

hrp0086fc15.2 | Late Breaking | ESPE2016

Mutations in SGPL1, the Gene Encoding Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Lyase, Cause a Novel Form of Primary Adrenal Insufficiency with Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome

Prasad Rathi , Maharaj Avinaash , Meimaridou Eirini , VanVeldhoven Paul , Buonocore Federica , Barbagaleta Eliana , Bergada Ignacio , Cassinelli Hamilton , Das Urmi , Krone Ruth , Saleem Moin , Hacihamdioglu Bulent , Sari Erkan , Storr Helen , Achermann John , Guasti Leonardo , Braslavsky Debora , Guran Tulay , Ram Nanik , Metherell Lou

Background: Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) is most commonly congenital in children. PAI is genetically heterogeneous with some gene defects causing syndromic disease. A third of patients have no genetic diagnosis meaning their prognosis is uncertain. We recently investigated families with a novel combination of PAI and steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome.Objective and hypotheses: To discover the genetic defect underlying this syndrome.<p class=...

hrp0094p2-19 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2021

Genetic analysis of paediatric primary adrenal insufficiency of unknown aetiology over 25 years

Buonocore Federica , Maharaj Avinaash , Qamar Younus , Koehler Katrin , Suntharalingham Jenifer P. , Chan Li F. , Ferraz-de-Souza Bruno , Hughes Claire R. , Lin Lin , Prasad Rathi , Allgrove Jeremy , Andrews Edward T. , Buchanan Charles R. , Cheetham Tim D. , Crowne Elizabeth C. , Davies Justin H. , Gregory John W. , Hindmarsh Peter C. , Hulse Tony , Krone Nils P. , Shah Pratik , Shaikh Mohamad G. , Roberts Catherine , Clayton Peter E. , Dattani Mehul T. , Thomas N. Simon , Huebner Angela , Clark Adrian J. , Metherell Louise A. , Achermann John C. ,

Introduction: Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires appropriate diagnosis and treatment. The most common cause of PAI is congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), but other well-established aetiologies include metabolic and autoimmune disorders, and physical damage. Mutations in more than 30 genes have now been associated with PAI, with considerable biochemical and phenotypic overlap. It is therefore importan...

hrp0084p3-1069 | Hypo | ESPE2015

Experience Based on 193 18F-DOPA PET CTs in Patients with Congenital Hyperinsulinism: Pearls and Pitfalls in Imaging Diagnostics in Patients with CHI

Kuhnen Peter , Prasad Vikas , Brenner Winfried , Mohnike Wolfgang , Blankenstein Oliver

Background: In congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) 18F-DOPA PET CT plays an essential role in differentiating between focal and diffuse CHI forms and in the analysis of the localization of a potential focus before surgery.Objective and hypotheses: The aim of this retrospective analysis was the evaluation of the 18F-DOPA PET CT efficacy in a large cohort of CHI patients.Method: In the last few years 193 18</s...