hrp0082p2-d3-614 | Turner Syndrome | ESPE2014

Aortic Dilation in a Large Cohort of Paediatric and Young Adult Patients with Turner Syndrome

Geniuk Nadia , Vaiani Elisa , Rizzi Ana , Guercio Gabriela , Warman Monica , Michelli Diego , Rivarola Marco , Belgorosky Alicia

Background: Aortic dilation (AD) occurs in Turner syndrome (TS) increasing the risk of aortic dissection at all ages. There are no current guidelines on what specific aortic diameter measurement should provoke concern in pediatric TS. Because of their small stature, an aortic size index (ASI) has been proposed to normalize the ascending aorta (AA) to body size in young adults’ with TS. However, a more reliable index has been also proposed: the ratio of vascular diameter t...

hrp0082p1-d1-139 | Growth | ESPE2014

Functional Characterization of Three Novel Mutations in the IGF1R Gene

Juanes Matias , Guercio Gabriela , Marino Roxana , Berensztein Esperanza , Ciaccio Marta , Gil Silvia , Rivarola Marco A , Belgorosky Alicia

Background: IGF1R gene mutations have been associated with varying degrees of intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, and microcephaly. We have previously reported three novel variants in the IGF1R gene: de novo p.Arg1256Ser, de novo p.Asn359Tyr and p.Tyr865Cys (ENDO 2013, OR20-2).Aim: To characterize the functional effects of the novel IGF1R gene allelic variants.Methods: In ...

hrp0086fc1.1 | Adrenals | ESPE2016

DNA Methylation of HSD3B2, NUR77 and RARβ Promoter Genes is Not Involved in functional Differentiation of Human Androgen-Producing Adrenocortical Cells

Burgos Maria Cecilia Alonso , Goni Javier , Saraco Nora , Garrido Natalia Perez , Rivarola Marco A. , Belgorosky Alicia , Baquedano Maria Sonia

Background: RARβ cooperates with Nur77 to in-vitro regulate HSD3B2 transcription. NUR77 expression parallels HSD3B2 expression with a much lower level in androgen-producing adrenocortical tissues (childhood virilizing adrenocortical tumours (VAT), fetal zone (FeZ) and zona reticularis, ZR). RARβ is down-regulated in starved, hyperandrogenic H295R cells. However, the mechanisms regulating this expression pattern and the relevance of RARβ to huma...

hrp0086p1-p370 | Gonads & DSD P1 | ESPE2016

45,X/46,XY Chromosomal Disorders of Sex Development: Experience from a Cohort of 50 Patients Followed in One Single Institution

Costanzo Mariana , Guercio Gabriela , Geniuk Nadia , Berensztein Esperanza , Manuel Lazzati Juan , Maceiras Mercedes , Zaidman Veronica , Aurelio Rivarola Marco , Belgorosky Alicia

Background: Disorders of sex development (DSD) are those congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. 45,X/46,XY mosaicism results in a large clinical spectrum of DSD including from female patients with Turner’s syndrome to normal appearing males.Objective and hypotheses: The main aim of this study is to review the clinical and gonad histological findings in a cohort of chromosomal DSD patients f...

hrp0084p3-801 | DSD | ESPE2015

Pseudo-Precocious Puberty in Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Secondary to a Prepubertal Oestrogen Producing Sertoli Cell Tumour

Warman Diana Monica , Berensztein Esperanza , Marino Roxana , Ramirez Pablo , Costanzo Mariana , Maceiras Mercedes , Rivarola Marco A , Belgorosky Alicia

Background: Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is an X-linked hereditary disease with AR gene loss-of-function mutations in 46,XY patients. They undergoes poor development of secondary sex characteristics, except for breast development at puberty. AIS patients are prone to develop germ cell cancer, even though with lower incidence than in dysgenetic gonads secondary to defects in organogenesis.Case presentation: We described a 3-years-old gir...

hrp0092p1-129 | Sex Differentiation, Gonads and Gynaecology or Sex Endocrinology | ESPE2019

Molecular Diagnosis of Patients with 46,XY Differences in Sex Development in A Single Tertiary Center

Touzon Maria Sol , garrido Natalia Perez , Ramirez Pablo , Marino Roxana , Berensztein Esperanza , Costanzo Mariana , Guercio Gabriela , Rivarola Marco Aurelio , Belgorosky Alicia

Disorders/differences in sex development (DSD) are defined as congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal or anatomical sex is atypical. 46,XY DSD include defects in androgen synthesis or action or complete (CGD)/partial (PGD) gonadal dysgenesis. The aim of this study was to characterize the molecular genetic diagnosis of individuals with 46,XY DSD followed at Garrahan Pediatric Hospital.Medical records of 140 patients (P) followed...

hrp0089p1-p014 | Adrenals and HPA Axis P1 | ESPE2018

Molecular Characterization of TNXA/TNXB Chimeras in CYP21A2 Gene Deletions: High Frequency of Undiagnosed Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome in Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Patients

Marino Roxana , Notaristefano Guillermo , Garrido Natalia Perez , Ramirez Pablo , Touzon Maria Sol , Pujana Matias , Moresco Angelica , Finkielstain Gabriela , Obregon Gabriela , Rivarola Marco A , Belgorosky Alicia

The contiguous gene deletion syndrome, CAH-X, was reported in an 8.5% of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) patients with a TNXA/TNXB chimera. This results in deletions of CYP21A2 gene, encoding 21-hydroxylase necessary for cortisol biosynthesis, and TNXB, encoding the extracellular matrix glycoprotein tenascin-X (TNX). There are three TNXA/TNXB chimeras (CH1, CH2, CH3) that differ in the junction site, resulting in TNXB haploinsu...

hrp0086p1-p368 | Gonads & DSD P1 | ESPE2016

Precocious/Early and Accelerated Puberty in a Boy with a Homozygous R192C Mutation in CYP19 (Aromatase) Gene

Costanzo Mariana , Guercio Gabriela , Garcia-Feyling Jose , Saraco Nora , Marino Roxana , Perez Garrido Natalia , Manuel Lazzati Juan , Maceiras Mercedes , Aurelio Rivarola Marco , Belgorosky Alicia

Background: Aromatase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder produced by CYP19 gene mutations. 46XX affected patients presented with ambiguous genitalia leading to early identification. Most 46XY affected patients presented normal external genitalia and the condition often remains undiagnosed until late puberty. Information on pubertal development in affected boys is scarce since to the present date only two patients, younger than 4 years of age, without lo...

hrp0084p2-319 | DSD | ESPE2015

Gonadotropin Surge During the Early Postnatal Activation Period in 46,XX Testicular/Ovotesticular Disorder of Sex Development Patients

Costanzo Mariana , Guercio Gabriela , Marino Roxana , Ramirez Pablo , Garrido Natalia Perez , Vaiani Elisa , Berensztein Esperanza , Lazzati Juan Manuel , Maceiras Mercedes , Rivarola Marco A , Belgorosky Alicia

Background: During the 1st months of postnatal life serum luteinizing hormone (LH) levels in girls are lower than in boys. The mechanism of this sex difference is not known. It has been proposed that foetal or perinatal androgenic steroids have an effect on the control of LH secretion.Objective and hypotheses: To study the possible influence of high levels of androgens on serum gonadotropins during the 1st months of life in a cohort of nine 46,XX testicu...

hrp0092p2-259 | Sex Differentiation, Gonads and Gynaecology or Sex Endocrinology | ESPE2019

Differences of Sex Development with Chromosomal Mosaicism: Histological Characterization and Immunohistochemistry Markers in Gonads During Childhood

Touzon Maria Sol , Galluzzo Mutti Maria laura , Ramirez Pablo , Perez Garrido Natalia , Marino Roxana , Bailez Marcela , Costanzo Mariana , Guercio Gabriela , Rivarola Marco Aurelio , Belgorosky Alicia , Berensztein Esperanza

Sex chromosome disorders, including sex chromosome mosaicism, result in a large clinical spectrum. There is scarce information about the histological pattern of these gonads.Aim: to characterize the histology and cell markers pattern in gonads of patients with chromosomal mosaicism.Gonadal biopsies from thirteen patients with chromosomal mosaicism, including chromosome Y were studied. Six were rearing as male and s...