hrp0092fc9.6 | Fetal, Neonatal Endocrinology and Metabolism (to include Hypoglycaemia) | ESPE2019

[18F]F-DOPA-PET/MRI or /CT in Children with Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Empting Susann , Mohnike Konrad , Barthlen Winfried , Michel Peter , Wieland Ilse , Zenker Martin , Mohnike Wolfgang , Mohnike Klaus

Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a complex heterogeneous disease affecting 1 in 40.000 newborns. Recurrent hypoketotic hypoglycaemia led to permanent mental and motor disabilities in 30-40% of children. Histologically three types had been differentiated: focal, diffuse and atypical. Up to now, only focal-type CHI can be permanently cured by focus removal. Focal-type CHI is characterized by paternal inherited mutation of ABCC8 or KCNJ11 mutations. Therefore mutation anal...

hrp0082p1-d2-1 | Adrenals & HP Axis | ESPE2014

Allelic Frequencies of CYP21A2 Variants and Genotype–Phenotype Correlations in a Cohort of 660 CAH Patients from Germany and Austria*

Riedl Stefan , Rohl Friedrich-Wilhelm , Empting Susann , Bonfig Walter , Dorr Helmuth-Gunther , Holl Reinhard , Mohnike Klaus

Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to a CYP21A2 defect (autosomal recessive) leads to salt wasting (SW), simple virilizing (SV), or non-classical (NC) phenotypes basically depending on residual 21-hydroxylase (21-OH) function on the least affected allele.Objective and Hypotheses: To test prediction of CAH phenotype based on genotype classification.Method: Patient data from 37 centers were retrieved from a...

hrp0084fc9.5 | Beta cell disorders | ESPE2015

The Use of Glucagon for Management of Severe-Persistent Hypoglycaemia in Patients with Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Thornton Paul , Truong Lisa , Kinzel John , Empting Susann , Mohnike Klaus , Banerjee Indi

Background: Severe-persistent hypoglycaemia (SPH) in congenital hyperinsulinism (HI) can cause blindness and brain damage. First line treatment with diazoxide treatment can cause significant side effects, including fluid retention. Off-label use of i.v. reconstituted glucagon is also used but little safety and efficacy data have been reported.Objective and hypotheses: To evaluate the use of i.v. glucagon infusion for management of SPH in HI.<p class=...

hrp0084p3-882 | Fat | ESPE2015

Adipocyte Fatty Acid Binding Protein is Related to Weight Status and Metabolic Risk Markers in Childhood Obesity

Kaepplinger Jakob , Petroff David , Herget Sabine , Reichardt Sandra , Grimm Andrea , Kratzsch Jurgen , Bluher Susann

Background: Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (aFABP) regulates intracellular transport of fatty acids and seems to be involved in the pathogenesis of the Metabolic Syndrome. aFABP overproduction leads to increased cholesterol and triglyceride accumulation and to higher expression of pro-inflammatory genes. In adults aFABP seems to promote insulin resistance and atherosclerosis, and aFABP levels are significantly higher in obese compared to lean subjects. Fat mass, lipid ma...

hrp0084p1-5 | Adrenal | ESPE2015

Genetic Heterogeneity in Triple A Syndrome: Discrimination of the Classic Syndrome from Two Triple A-Like Syndromes

Huebner Angela , Reschke Felix , Kurth Ingo , Kutzner Susann , Utine Eda , Hazan Filiz , Landgraf Dana , Hubner Christian A , Koehler Katrin

Background: Triple A syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by adrenal failure, alacrima, achalasia, and a variety of neurological features. In 70% of the families it is caused by mutations in the AAAS gene. Linkage analyses indicated genetic heterogeneity and exome sequencing revealed two further genes causing triple A-like syndromes.Objective and hypotheses: To summarise the genotypes and phenotypes of classic triple A s...

hrp0084p1-36 | Diabetes | ESPE2015

Somatic Paternal UPD on Chromosome 11p15 in Focal Form of Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) Causes Monoallelic Expression of Mutant ABCC8 and KCNJ11

Dallmann Ina , Vogelgesang Silke , Barthlen Winfried , Varol Emine , Mohnike Wolfgang , Empting Susann , Mohnike Klaus , Zenker Martin , Wieland Ilse

Background: Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a disorder characterised by dysregulation of insulin secretion that leads to severe hypoglycaemia in neonates and infants. The focal form of CHI is caused by an autosomal recessive mutation in the genes ABCC8 or KCNJ11 inherited from the father and a second somatic event in the affected islet of Langerhans.Objective: We report molecular genetic examination of focal pancreatic lesions of patients receiving t...

hrp0082p1-d2-122 | Fat Metabolism &amp; Obesity (1) | ESPE2014

Predictive Value of Excess Body Weight in Childhood and Adolescence Compared to BMI and Waist to Height Ratio

Petroff David , Kromeyer-Hauschild Katrin , Wiegand Susanna , L'Allemand-Jander Dagmar , Binder Gerhard , Schwab Karl Otfried , Stachow Rainer , Kiess Wieland , Hammer Elke , Sturm Sirid , Holl Reinhard , Bluher Susann

Background: Weight status in children is commonly defined using BMI (SDS), but this measure is problematic due to the skewness of the BMI distribution and its age-dependant increase. In addition, it is difficult for physicians or parents alike to grasp what a certain value means. Excess body weight (EBW) is frequently used in adult patients in the context of bariatric surgery.Objective and hypotheses: An appropriate definition for the paediatric populati...

hrp0089p1-p077 | Diabetes &amp; Insulin P1 | ESPE2018

Additional Insulin is Necessary to Prevent Rise in Blood Glucose after Fat-protein-rich Meals in Type 1 Diabetes

Schweizer Roland , Herrlich Susann , Losch-Binder Martina , Glokler Michaela , Heimgartner Magdalena , Liebrich Franziska , Meszner Katja , Muckenhaupt Tina , Schneider Angelika , Ziegler Julian , Neu Andreas

Background: High amounts of protein in meals increase blood glucose in patients with type 1 diabetes. Fat delays the increase of blood glucose. Till now we do not know the amount of insulin necessary to prevent the increase of blood glucose after a fat and protein rich meal (FPRM).Aim: To find the Insulin dosage to normalize glucose level after a FPRM.Patients: Sixteen patients with type 1 diabetes (mean±SD; Age 19.7±2.7 ...

hrp0089p2-p139 | Fat, Metabolism and Obesity P2 | ESPE2018

The Associations Between Neck – and Upper Arm Circumference with Cardiometabolic Risk Over Traditional Risk Factors in Adolescents - Data from Five EUROPEAN Countries (PreSTART-Study)

Weihrauch-Bluher Susann , Petroff David , Brady Emer M. , Gray Laura J. , Ribeiro Rogerio T. , Vergara Mitxeltorena I. , Gerasimidi-Vazeou Diana A. , Davies Melanie J.

Background: Prevalence and severity of obesity and associated comorbidities are increasing in adolescents. Data on neck and upper arm (UA) circumference in addition to established anthropometric measures to define cardiometabolic risk are limited to date.Methods: Data from Phase I of the EU-funded PreSTART-study (trial registration number NCT02545140) was applied. Demographic, clinical, biochemical and lifestyle data were collected in adolescent...

hrp0089p1-p183 | Growth &amp; Syndromes P1 | ESPE2018

Carriers of IGF1-receptor Mutations As A Subgroup of SGA Patients: A Comprehensive Retrospective Comparison of Response to rhGH Treatment and Health Profile

Gopel Eric , Klammt Jurgen , Rockstroh Denise , Pfaffle Heike , Schlicke Marina , Bechtold-Dalla Pozza Susanne , Gannage-Yared Marie-Helene , Gucev Zoran , Mohn Angelika , Harmel Eva-Maria , Volkmann Julia , Bogatsch Holger , Beger Christoph , Gausche Ruth , Weihrauch-Bluher Susann , Pfaffle Roland

Objective: IGF-1 receptor mutations (IGF1RM) are a rare abnormality; however, affected patients exhibit severe postnatal growth retardations without catch-up growth. Although several cases of IGF1RM have been described, a comprehensive retrospective analysis of the potential benefit of rhGH treatment is still missing. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate baseline auxology, response to rhGH therapy and potential metabolic effects in patients with IGF1RM in compari...