Volume 82 | ESPE2014 | Next issue

ESPE 2014

Dublin, Ireland
18 Sep 2014 - 20 Sep 2014

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Dublin, Ireland; 18-20 September 2014. Further information

hrp0082fc12.1 | Obesity | ESPE2014

High-Fat Diet Rapidly Triggers Circadian De-Synchronization of Clock Genes, Neuropeptides and Inflammation Mediators in the Hypothalamus of C57BL Mice

Hernandez-Nuno Francisco , Ruiz-Gayo Mariano , Diaz Francisca , Argente Jesus , Chowen Julie A

Background: Circadian disorganization of feeding behavior evoked by high fat diet (HFD) intake is suggested to be involved in the resulting weight gain and development of associated metabolic alterations and hypothalamic inflammation.Hypothesis: We hypothesized that this circadian alteration might be a consequence of rapid de-synchronization of different gene clusters relevant for metabolic control.Methods: We analyzed the circadia...

hrp0082fc12.2 | Obesity | ESPE2014

Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence is Associated with Shorter Leucocyte Telomere Length

Lamprokostopoulou Agaristi , Moschonis George , Manios Yannis , Chrousos George P , Charmandari Evangelia

Background: Obesity in adulthood is associated with shorter leukocyte telomere length, a marker of biological age that is also associated with age-related disorders, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus.Objective and Hypotheses: To investigate the relation between BMI in childhood and adolescence and telomere length, by determining the mean telomere length of leukocytes.Patients and Method: Seven hundred fo...

hrp0082fc12.3 | Obesity | ESPE2014

Increased Resting Energy Expenditure in Girls with Turner Syndrome

Binder Gerhard , Frank Laura , Blumenstock Gunnar , Schweizer Roland

Background: There is no knowledge of the energy metabolism in the presence of X chromosome aneuploidy or structural aberrations. Recently, an abnormal muscle metabolism was observed in girls with Turner syndrome (TS).Objective and Hypotheses: Resting energy expenditure was prospectively estimated by indirect spirometry in 92 short prepubertal girls at the start of GH therapy.Method: The diagnoses were TS (n=23), GH deficie...

hrp0082fc12.4 | Obesity | ESPE2014

Pediatric Reference Values for Insulin from oGTT and Prevalence of Hyperinsulinemia in Obese Children

Korner Antje , Scheuermann Kathrin , Neef Madlen , Sergeyev Elena , Vogel Mandy , Kratzsch Jurgen , Kiess Wieland

Background: Evaluation of glucose metabolism is currently based on 2 h glucose during an oral glucose tolerance test (oGTT) or fasting glucose and insulin or A1c, as these are the only parameters where cutoff values exist. This does, however, not adequately reflect the degree of hyperinsulinemia due to insulin resistance in obese children.Objective and design: From frequent glucose and insulin levels during an oGTT of 64 healthy lean children (aged 7.7&#...

hrp0082fc12.5 | Obesity | ESPE2014

Low Circulating Levels of DKK-1 Protein in Obese Children Indicate Suppression of Canonical Wnt Signaling

Kanaka-Gantenbein Christina , Terpos Evangelos , Chrousos George , Papassotiriou Ioannis

Background: Secretion of Wnt-proteins by adipose cells plays an important role in the control of adipogenesis. The Wnt-antagonist, dickkopf-1 (DKK-1), is secreted by human pre-adipocytes and influences adipocyte maturation and growth. DKK-1 mRNA increases 6 h after onset of human adipogenesis followed by an increase in DKK-1 protein. Of note, DKK-1 protein has been implicated also in bone remodeling pathways.Patients and Methods: In this study we measure...

hrp0082fc12.6 | Obesity | ESPE2014

Resveratrol Inhibits Inflammation-Induced Production of Cytokines in Human Adipocytes

Zagotta Ivana , Killian Alexandra , Haas Jennifer , Kietzmann Thomas , Debatin Klaus-Michael , Wabitsch Martin , Fischer-Posovszky Pamela

Background: Upon excessive expansion, adipose tissue is infiltrated by macrophages and shows increased production of inflammatory cytokines. This chronic low grade inflammation of adipose tissue is involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. A supplementation with resveratrol can reverse the metabolic disturbances of human obesity, in part by mimicking the effects of caloric restriction.Objective and Hypotheses: We hypothesized that the beneficia...