Volume 82 | ESPE2014 | Next issue

ESPE 2014

Dublin, Ireland
18 Sep 2014 - 20 Sep 2014

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Dublin, Ireland; 18-20 September 2014. Further information

Poster Category 2


hrp0082p2-d3-474 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Plasma Glucagon and Somatostatin Levels in Children with Congenital Hyperinsulinism During Hypoglycaemia

Shah Pratik , Mamikunian Gregg , Gilbert Clare , Morgan Kate , Hinchey Louise , Arya Ved , Demirbilek Huseyin , Hussain Khalid

Background: Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) causes severe hypoglycaemia in children, due to dysregulated insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. Glucagon, secreted from the pancreatic α-cells, is critical for blood glucose homeostasis. Somatostatin is secreted by Δ-cells of the islets and by extraislet neuroendocrine cells. Exogenous somatostatin potently inhibits insulin and glucagon release from pancreatic islets. Under normal physiological conditions, low...

hrp0082p2-d3-475 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Long-Term Follow Up of Children with Congenital Hyperinsulinism on Octreotide Therapy

Demirbilek Huseyin , Shah Pratik , Arya Ved Bhushan , Hussain Khalid

Background: Octreotide, a long-acting somatostatin analogue, is commonly used in diazoxide unresponsive congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) patients as a second line medication. However, there are no large studies evaluating long-term follow-up CHI patients on octreotide therapy.Objective and hypotheses: To evaluate the dose range, side effects and long-term follow-up in CHI patients on daily octreotide injections.Method: Twenty-eight...

hrp0082p2-d3-476 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Glucagon Secretion in Response to Hypoglycemia in Patients with Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Wang Yi , Gong Chunxiu , Su Chang

Background: Hypoglycemia triggers the secretion of counter-regulatory hormones such as cortisol, GH, and glucagon, all of which are protective mechanisms to restore euglycemia. It has been suggested that CHI patients have abnormal glucagon secretion during hypoglycemia, but the data is limited.Objective and hypotheses: To investigate the secretion of counter-regulatory hormones including glucagon during hypoglycemia. It’s supposed that these hormone...

hrp0082p2-d3-477 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Opioid-Induced Endocrinopathy in a Toddler with Chronic Codeine Intoxication

Van Aken Sara , Van Der Straaten Saskia , De Waele Kathleen , Cools Martine , Craen Margarita , De Schepper Jean

Background: Several studies in adults have provided evidence for opioid-induced hypofunction of the hypothalamo-pituitary–adrenal and GH–IGF1 axis after chronic (oral and intrathecal) administration. This so-called opioid endocrinopathy has not been reported in children.Objective and hypotheses: We report the occurrence of delayed growth with low serum IGF1 levels and recurrent hypoglycemia due to central hypocorticism in a toddler after a pres...

hrp0082p2-d3-478 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Case Report: a Rare Cause of Hypoglycemia in a Neonate

Salemi Parissa , Farber Jessica Strohm

Background: Hypoglycemia in the neonate occurs in approximately one to five per 1000 live births. Common causes may be due to sepsis, IUGR or LGA. Rarer causes are congenital hyperinsulinism, panhypopituitarism, GHD, cortisol deficiency, insulinoma, insulin-receptor stimulating antibodies, BWS, and congenital disorders of glycosylation. We present a case of hypoglycemia in a neonate secondary to intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN). IPMN was first rep...

hrp0082p2-d3-479 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

The Majority of Late Presenting Congenital Hypoglycaemia Disorders are Really Missed Diagnosis: What Can we do to Improve Diagnosis in the New-Born Period?

Troung Lisa , Thornton Paul

Background: Patients with hyperinsulinism (HI) and anterior hypopituitarism often present in the new-born period (NBP). However up to 30% patients with HI and an unknown number with hypo-pit will present in the first year of life. Despite advances in care the long-term neurological outcome for patients with HI is poor in 20-40% cases.Aim: To retrospectively evaluate the care given during the NBP in a series of patients diagnosed with late presenting pote...

hrp0082p2-d3-480 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

The Role of Plasma C-Peptide Concentration in the Diagnosis of Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Green Julie , Giri Dinesh , Gangadharan Arundoss , Blair Jo , Dharmaraj Poonam , Das Urmi , Senniappan Senthil , Didi Mohammed

Background: The hallmark of congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the demonstration of detectable plasma insulin during hypoglycaemia. Insulin can be undetectable in a significant proportion of patients with CHI. Plasma samples for insulin requires rapid and careful handling for reliable results. There is little published data on the value of C-peptide in the diagnosis of CHI.Objective and hypotheses: To assess the usefulness of C-peptide in the diagnosis ...

hrp0082p2-d3-481 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Presentation, Clinical and Genetic Outcomes in a Series of Infants With Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Carroll Aoife , Gibney Brian , McDonnell Ciara , Moloney Sinead , Monavari Ardeshir , Murphy Nuala

Background: Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a rare condition but a significant cause of recurrent hypoglycaemia in infancy and childhood. Prompt recognition and appropriate management is important to avoid long-term neurological sequelae.Objective and hypotheses: To describe the presentation, clinical and genetic outcomes in a series of infants with CHI.Method: Retrospective case series of 35 patients diagnosed with CHI between...

hrp0082p2-d3-482 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Feeding Issues in Children With Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Gilbert Clare , Morgan Kate , Hinchey Louise , Margetts Rebecca , Forsyth Alex , Ryan Martina , Shah Pratik , Hussain Khalid

Background: Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycaemia in the neonatal period, characterized by unregulated insulin secretion by pancreatic β-cells. In addition to medical therapy, frequent feeding to prevent hypoglycaemia is one of the most important aspects in the management of CHI.Objective and hypotheses: To identify the number of patients with CHI who have associated feeding difficulties and determine ...

hrp0082p2-d3-483 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Early and Late Presenting Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Mohamed Zainaba , Nicholson Jacqueline , Zamir Imran , Butler Thomas , Rigby Lindsey , Bowden Louise , Murray Philip , Steele Caroline , Rao Padidela Raja Narender , Patel Leena , Cosgrove Karen , Clayton Peter , Dunne Mark , Banerjee Indraneel

Background: Hypoglycaemia due to congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) usually presents early (E-CHI) in the neonatal period, but late presentation (age >1 month) (L-CHI) also occurs. Adverse neurodevelopment is well recognised in both early and late CHI, but differences between both groups are not known.Objective and hypotheses: We examined a cohort of children with E-CHI and L-CHI to test neurodevelopmental outcomes in mid-childhood.<p class="abstex...

hrp0082p2-d3-484 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Abstract withdrawn....

hrp0082p2-d3-485 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Nocturnal Hypoglycaemia in Diabetic Children: Continuous Glucose Monitoring Reveals More of the Iceberg

Bachmann Sara , Martin Eva , Ritschard Vreni , Hess Melanie , Jockers Katharina , Vuissoz Jean-Marc , Zumsteg Urs

Background: Hypoglycaemia is the most common and threatening complication in diabetic children. Nocturnal hypoglycaemia is mostly unrecognised and asymptomatic, but recurrent mild hypoglycaemia at night can lead to hypoglycaemia unawareness and reduced performance at daytime.Aims: To evaluate frequency and duration of nocturnal hypoglycaemia in type 1 diabetic children and to identify risk factors for such events.Patients/methods: ...

hrp0082p2-d3-486 | Hypoglycaemia | ESPE2014

Fasting Hypoglycemia Associated With Hyperinsulinemia in a Child With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and 6-Mercaptopurine Therapy

Popovic Jadranka

Background: Symptomatic fasting hypoglycemia has been reported as an uncommon side effect in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) on maintenance therapy with purine analogs. The exact mechanism of the hypoglycemic effect of the antimetabolic therapy remains unclear. The association of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) therapy with hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia has not been described previously.Case: A 6 9/12 years old girl with pre-B ALL and 6-MP t...