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54th Annual ESPE

Barcelona, Spain
01 Oct 2015 - 03 Oct 2015

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Barcelona, Spain; 1-3 October 2015 Further information

hrp0084p1-67 | Fat | ESPE2015

miR-146a-Mediated Suppression of the Inflammatory Response in Human Adipocytes

Roos Julian , Enlund Eveliina , Tews Daniel , Funcke Jan-Bernd , Zoller Verena , Debatin Klaus-Michael , Wabitsch Martin , Fischer-Posovszky Pamela

Background: microRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small (18–25 nucleotides), non-coding RNA molecules. They play an important role in the regulation of gene expression by either suppressing translation of genes or inducing their mRNA degradation. Several miRNA species are expressed in adipose tissue and involved in adipocyte function.Objective and hypotheses: Obesity leads to the infiltration of macrophages into adipose tissue causing local inflammation...

hrp0084p1-68 | Fat | ESPE2015

Leptin Resistance Alteration after Modulation of Dopamine System Funcional Activity in Rat’s Diet-Induced Obesity

Viazava Liudmila , Solntsva Angzhalika , Sukalo Alexander , Dashkevich Alena , Stukach Julia

Background and aim: High caloric diet (HCD) in diet-induced obesity (DIO) can be caused by central mechanisms regulating reward-seeking behaviour. Leptin modulates the dopamine system and vice versa. We supposed D2 dopamine receptor agonist and dopamine neurons toxin to influence weight gain and leptin level, mobility and behaviour in wild type rats (GUR) with HCD.Materials and methods: Male rats (n=64, 183.0±14.0 g) were divided into HCD g...

hrp0084p1-69 | Fat | ESPE2015

Abstract unavailable....

hrp0084p1-70 | Fat | ESPE2015

Outcome of Adolescents Undergoing Bariatric Surgery – 1 Year Follow-Up

Ben-Ami Michal , Bacher Maayan , Vusiker Irena , Pink Reut , Stein Daniel , Vagner Benjamin , Raz-Dubnov Gal , Yardeni Danny , PInhas-Hamiel Orit

Background: Adolescent obesity has been steadily increasing all over the developed world for the past several decades. Bariatric surgery in morbid obese adolescents is gaining popularity. The main surgical technique that is used on adolescents in Israel is a gastric sleeve.Aims: To study clinical and laboratory outcomes of adolescent patients 1 year after they underwent bariatric surgery.Methods: Anthropometric, clinical and labora...

hrp0084p1-71 | Fat | ESPE2015

Identifying Critical Periods for Maintaining Weight Loss in Obese Children

Peacock Amanda , Mushtaq Talat , Alexander Erin , Truby Helen , Greenwood Darren , Russo Vince , Yau Steven , Werther George , Sabin Matthew

Background: Adults have a weight that is normal for them. This is referred to as their ‘set-point’ for weight. Studies have shown physiological protection of this set-point, explaining why most obese adults who diet eventually regain weight.Objective and hypotheses: We hypothesised that set-points for weight, and their physiological defence, are flexible in childhood but become fixed sometime around puberty. We aimed to show that obese children...

hrp0084p1-72 | Fat | ESPE2015

Use of Topiramate in Severe Hyperphagia Associated to Neuropsychiatric Features in a Boy with Congenital Proopiomelanocortin Deficiency

Marini Romana , Ciccone Sara , Alfieri Paolo , Pedicelli Stefania , Cappa Marco

Background: Congenital proopiomelanocortin deficiency (POMC) gene mutations cause early-onset obesity, hyperphagia and ACTH deficiency. In the subjects with this picture, neuropsychiatric (NP) features were rarely reported. Many Authors described an appetite loss during the topiramate treatment.Objective and hypotheses: To discuss NP features observed in a POMC deficient patient and to propose a therapeutic attempt to reduce the hyperphagia.<p class=...

hrp0084p1-73 | Fat | ESPE2015

Circulating miR146a and 486-5p are Altered in Obese Children with and Without Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and Correlate with Abdominal Fat and BMI

Montanini Luisa , Patianna Viviana D , Sartori Chiara , Predieri Barbara , Bruzzi Patrizia , Lazzeroni Pietro , Merli Silvia , Bergamaschi Paolo , Bernasconi Sergio , Iughetti Lorenzo , Street Maria Elisabeth

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small non coding RNA molecules, key regulators of metabolic pathways. Obesity is characterised by many metabolic changes. NAFLD is seen as a complication of obesity. FOXO-1, key regulator in insulin signalling, has been shown to be implicated in NAFLD. We previously identified miRNAs regulators of the FOXO-1 gene.Objective and hypotheses: To assess in serum whether the regulation of miR-146a and miR-486-5p, FOXO1 gene re...

hrp0084p1-74 | Fat | ESPE2015

Abstract withdrawn....

hrp0084p1-75 | Fat | ESPE2015

Ghrelin and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Children with Prader-Willi Syndrome

Bogova Elena , Volevodz Natalya , Peterkova Valentina

Background: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex multisystem genetic disorder arising from lack of expression of paternally inherited imprinted genes on chromosome 15q11–q13. Hyperphagia represents one of the most serious symptoms of the PWS, leading to develop premature mortality.Objective and hypotheses: To compare orexigenic (ghrelin) and anorexigenic factor (brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)) concentration in non-GH-treated obese pati...

hrp0084p1-76 | Fat | ESPE2015

Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Obese Non-Diabetic Children and Adolescents: Relations to Some Metabolic Parameters, Echocardiographic Parameters and Tissue Doppler Imaging

Ahmed Alaa , Youssef Omneya , Thabet Botheina

Background: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in the regeneration of the endothelial lining following blood vessel injury. The reduction in the number of EPCs was postulated to be associated with the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease.Objective and hypotheses: This study aimed at exploration of the number of EPCs in obese non-diabetic children and adolescents and their relation to the fasting lipid levels, fasting glucose...

hrp0084p1-77 | Fat | ESPE2015

Evaluation of Adiponectin Concentrations in Obese Children and Its Correlation with Lipid and Carbohydrate Parameters

Ruminska Malgorzata , Majcher Anna , Pyrzak Beata

Aims: The aims of the study was to evaluate the plasma adiponectin levels in obese children depending on children age, gender, stage of puberty and its relationship with lipid and carbohydrate metabolism parameters.Material and method: The study were involved 122 obese children (52 girls, 70 boys), aged 5.3–17.9 years (11.6±3 years), 52 children in prepubertal, and 65 in pubertal period. Obesity was defined using IOTF criteria. The control grou...