ESPE Abstracts (2015) 84 FC8.3

Testing the Appetite Suppressing Effects of Vitamin B12 Conjugates of Peptide YY

Christian L Rotha, Clinton Elfersa, Kelly Henryb, Rachael Burkeb, Gabrielle D’Ambrosioa & Robert P Doyleb

aDepartment of Pediatrics, Seattle Children’s Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; bDepartment of Chemistry, Center for Science and Technology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, USA

Introduction: Anti-obesity drugs with increased efficacy and safety are urgently being sought. Peptide YY3–36 (PYY3–36) is an attractive drug target due to its anorectic effect and decreased circulation concentration, without drug resistance, in obese individuals. Its short half-life and required method of delivery are limiting factors in its clinical application. Transport and uptake mechanisms, including blood-brain barrier passage, of vitamin B12 (B12) is highly efficient in mammals. We tested the hypothesis that conjugation of B12–PYY3–36 will help to overcome major hurdles of PYY3–36 by improved efficacy and pharmacokinetics.

Methods: B12–PYY3–36 conjugate was tested against native PYY3–36, and an inactive B12–PYYC36 (null control) on food intake, weight gain and peptide concentrations in lean male Sprague–Dawley rats (SD 9 weeks, mean weight 316 g) as well as genetic obese diabetic Zucker rats (ZD, mean weight 891 g). Daily treatments were delivered subcutaneously in five 1-h pulses, each pulse delivering 5–10 nmol/kg, by implanted micro-infusion pumps.

Results: In SD rats, food intake was reduced during 5-day treatment by 24% in B12–PYY3–36 and by 13% in PYY3–36 treated groups relative to baseline. B12–PYY3–36 generated a significantly longer inhibition of food intake vs PYY3–36 treatment following the first two pulses (121 min vs 81 min, P<0.05). In ZD rats, food intake was reduced by 22.5% during 4 days of treatment with B12–PYY3–36 vs 13% during PYY3–36 (P=0.012 and 0.031 respectively). After 4 days of treatment, body weight was reduced by 10 g in B12–PYY3–36 (P=0.049) vs 4 g in PYY3–36 treated ZD rats. Pharmacokinetic parameters showed positive effects of B12 conjugation on volume of distribution, clearance, and improved half-life (1.4 h vs 0.8 h, B12–PYY3–36 vs PYY3–36).

Conclusion: Our data demonstrate for the first time that conjugation of B12–PYY3–36 improved pharmacology, resulting in greater suppression of food intake and body weight in lean and obese rat models.

Funding: Sources of research support: NIH R15DK097675-01A1 and support from W M Wrigley Jr company, Chicago, IL, USA.

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