ESPE Abstracts (2015) 84 P-1-154

Novel Compound Heterozygous BMP1 Variants Associated with Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Aram Yang, Rimm Huh, Jinsup Kim, Sung Yoon Cho & Dong-Kyu Jin

Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Background: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) includes a group of disorders with a susceptibility to bone fractures, the presentation ranging from slightly increased fracture frequency to death in the perinatal period.

Objective and hypotheses: Autosomal-dominant inheritance with type I collagen biosynthesis defects is the most common, but many autosomal-recessive genes have been previously reported.

Method: Whole-exome sequencing was performed to simultaneously examine multiple genes associated with autosomal-recessive OI in a Korean patient with umbilical hernia, frequent fractures, scoliosis, markedly short stature and dislocation of the radial head.

Results: Two novel variants in the BMP1 gene: c.808A>G and c.1297G>T were identified. The former variant caused a missense change p.(Met270Val) and the latter caused skipping of exon 10. Functional studies of the two variants demonstrated in a zebrafish assay showed a hypofunctional nature.

Conclusion: Demonstration of hypofunction of the two novel variants in zebrafish supports the involvement of these variants in causing abnormal bones. These results emphasise the importance of BMP1 as a contributing factor in autosomal-recessive OI.

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