ESPE Abstracts (2015) 84 P-3-710

How Appropriate are the Lengths of Syringe Needles Used for Subcutaneous Injections to the Children at School Age

Sultan Kaba, Murat Doğan, Keziban Bulan, Alpaslan Yavuz, Aydın Bora, Muazzez Didin, İlyas Dündar & Nihat Demir


Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey


Aims: To define the normal ranges of the thicknesses of the skin and subcutaneous tissues via ultrasonography, and to determine whether the current syringe needle-lengths used for the subcutaneous injections were appropriate.

Methods: The thicknesses of the skin and subcutaneous tissues of 2 244 students were measured at the left arm using ultrasonography. Patients were divided into three groups based on age: 6–8, 9–12 and 13–17 year.

Results: The thicknesses of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and skin-subcutaneous tissue were found to be positively correlated with age, BMI and body surface area. All these were observed to be gender related. There is a possibility to make intramuscular injections for the 50, 25 and 25% of boys with age groups of 6–8, 9–12 and 13–17 year respectively. For the girls, the risk of intramuscular injection is 25% for all age groups.

Conclusions: Our study has shown that the skin and skin-subcutaneous tissue thicknesses varies as a function of age, gender, BMI and body surface area.

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