Previous issue | Volume 86 | ESPE2016 | Next issue

55th Annual ESPE

Paris, France
10 Sep 2016 - 12 Sep 2016

Card image cap
Paris, France: 10-12 September 2016 Further information

Rapid Free Communications

Management of Obesity

hrp0086rfc13.1 | Management of Obesity | ESPE2016

Inhibition of Teneurin-2 (TENM2) Leads to Upregulation of UCP1 in Human White Adipocytes

Tews Daniel , Fischer-Posovszky Pamela , Wabitsch Martin

Background: Heat generation in UCP-1 active cells as present in brown adipose tissue contributes to the regulation of energy homeostasis. Brown adipose tissue is known to be present in neonates and infants and has recently also been demonstrated in children and adults. Interestingly, a transition of white adipocytes into a brown phenotype has been documented in vitro in mouse and human cells, yet the underlying mechanisms are still not resolved. Using transcriptome an...

hrp0086rfc13.2 | Management of Obesity | ESPE2016

The Use of Proteomics in the Assessment of Health Status of Offspring Born after Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

Kosteria Ioanna , Gkourogianni Alexandra , Papadopoulou Aggeliki , Anagnostopoulos Athanasios , Chrousos George , Tsagaris George , Kanaka-Gantenbein Christina

Background: Several studies have correlated Assisted Reproduction Technologies (ART) including classic IVF and Intacytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) with epigenetic alterations in the offspring that could have long lasting unfavorable metabolic effects. Proteomics, a state-of-the-art technology used for the identification of early biomarkers of disease, has already been implemented in the search of success in ART but not yet for such markers evaluation in offspring of ART.</p...

hrp0086rfc13.3 | Management of Obesity | ESPE2016

Effects of Eating Rate on Satiety Hormones, Meal Enjoyment and Memory for Recent Eating: An fMRI Study

Hawton Katherine , Hamilton-Shield Julian , Toner Paula , Ferriday Danielle , Rogers Peter , Hinton Elanor

Background: Controlling eating rate may be a mechanism for reducing calorie consumption. We need to understand the physiological basis of this to design effective paediatric interventions.Objective and hypotheses: This study investigated the effect of eating rate during lunch on post-meal neural response (fMRI), satiety hormone levels, appetite ratings (VAS), meal enjoyment, memory for recent eating and snack consumption.Method: Tw...

hrp0086rfc13.4 | Management of Obesity | ESPE2016

Which Amount of BMI-SDS Reduction is Necessary to Improve Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Overweight and Obese Children?

Reinehr Thomas , Lass Nina , Toschke Christina , Rothermel Juliane , Lanzinger Stefanie , Holl Reinhard

Background: Knowing the changes of cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) in relation to weight loss would be helpful to advise overweight children and their parents and to decide whether drugs should be prescribed in addition to lifestyle intervention.Objective and hypotheses: The aim of the study was to determine the degree of overweight reduction to improve CRFs in overweight children.Method: We studied changes of blood pressure (BP)...

hrp0086rfc13.5 | Management of Obesity | ESPE2016

Protective Potential of Metformin on Membrane Linked Functions in Diabetic Aging Female Rats

Kumar Pardeep , Baquer N

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate protective potential of metformin on membrane linked functions and glucose transporter in diabetic aging female rats.Background: The emerging view is that diabetic brain features many symptoms that are best described as accelerated brain aging.Methods: Young (3 months) adult (12 months) and aged (24 months) rats will be diabetic by using alloxan monohydrate. After metformin ...

hrp0086rfc13.6 | Management of Obesity | ESPE2016

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy in Obese Adolescent Population

Elfawal Mohamad Hayssam , Safadi Bassem

Background: Obesity during childhood and adolescence can be accompanied by serious long-term adverse health and longevity outcomes. With increased use of bariatric surgery to treat obesity in these patients, diverse guidelines have been published, most of which exclude children aged younger than 14 years. Few reports describe laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in children and adolescents, delay in determining its safety and effectiveness and develop guidance regarding its use.</p...

hrp0086rfc13.7 | Management of Obesity | ESPE2016

Early Onset Obesity and Hyperphagia Associated with Defects in the GNAS Gene

Garcia Marta , Espinosa Nuria , Guerrero-Fernandez Julio , Salamanca Luis , Morais Ana , Gracia Ricardo , Elkoro Intza Garin , Casado Isabel Gonzalez , de Nanclares Guiomar Perez , Moreno Jose C.

Background: Imprinted genes are known to regulate fetal growth and a ‘parental conflict’ model predicts that paternally and maternally expressed imprinted genes promote and inhibit fetal growth, respectively. GNAS is a complex imprinted locus with multiple oppositely imprinted gene products. Maternal, but not paternal, G(s)alpha mutations lead to obesity in pseudohypoparathyroidism type IA (PHPIA). However, the disorder rarely causes severe obesity in infancy as pred...

hrp0086rfc13.8 | Management of Obesity | ESPE2016

Measuring Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Using Ultrasound in Children

Chirita-Emandi Adela , Puiu Maria

Background: The method for assessing adipose tissue thickness using ultrasound has been used extensively in sport medicine. However, the reliability of this method in children was not evaluated. We aim to determine the inter-observer reliability in measuring uncompressed subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness (USAT) using ultrasound, in children.Methods: About 40 healthy children (20 male, 20 female), median age 11.8 years (5.3 to 18.1) were evaluated. Me...