Background: The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing all over the world and leading to an increase in obesity-related health problems such as adult obesity, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and depression. There is no nationwide systematic study investigating obesity trends in Turkish children.
Objective and hypotheses: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school age children, to compare the data with those of 2003 and to observe the change in BMI in Antalya, Turkey.
Method: The study included 58 schools from 124, throughout the city centre of Antalya, Turkey during the period March-April 2015. A number of 1687 school children (boys 873, girls 814) aged 614 years were chosen from 61,092 children, using a population based stratified cluster sampling method. BMI was calculated by measuring the weight and standing height. Overweight was defined as BMI between 85th and 95th percentile, and obesity as BMI above the 95th percentile.
Results: The overall prevalence of obesity was 9.8% while overweight was 23.2%. There was no significant difference between boys and girls for overweight prevalence. However obesity prevalence was higher in boys (11.3%) than girls (8.1%) (P<0.05). Comparing with 2003 data, the values of BMI were found to be increased in all age groups (Figure 1). The prevalence of obesity and overweight showed an increase up to 23 times from 2003 to 2015 (Table 1).
|Obesity (OB) (%)||3.4||9.8||0.0001|
|Overweight (OW) (%)||14.6||23.2||0.0001|
Conclusion: The prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly in Antalya, Turkey. Because obesity is a major health problem, determination the prevalence of obesity and overweight at regular intervals and taking measures in this regard is critical.
10 - 12 Sep 2016
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology