ESPE Abstracts (2022) 95 FC7.4

ESPE2022 Free Communications Growth and Syndromes (6 abstracts)

Novel puberty aligned references for height, weight and BMI -making personalized medicine in paediatric endocrinology possible

Anton Holmgren 1,2 , Aimon Niklasson 1 , Lars Gelander 1 , Andreas FM Nierop 3,4 & Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland 3


1GP-GRC, Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Department of Pediatrics, Halland Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden; 3Department of Physiology/Endocrinology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; 4Muvara bv, Multivariate Analysis of Research Data, Leiderdorp, Netherlands

Background and Aim: Despite the broad individual variation of pubertal maturation, references traditionally describe growth in relation to just chronological age and not biological age. Hence, growth references for the adolescent period have been of limited usefulness for monitoring individual growth in clinic and for research. Especially for children and adolescents with chronic diseases is there a need to better evaluate if changes in SD-scores just before and during the adolescent years are due to sub-optimal care or just a reflexion of early or late maturation. To fill this gap, we aimed to develop novel pubertal height, weight and BMI references for the adolescent years, adjusting for the broad variation in onset of pubertal growth.

Methods: To model QEPS-weight, 3595 subjects (1779 girls) from GrowUp1974Gothenburg and GrowUp1990Gothenburg were used. The QEPS-height-model was transformed to a corresponding QEPS-weight-model; thereafter, QEPS-weight was modified by an individual weight-height-factor (WHF). The QEPS-height and weight models were used to define a corresponding QEPS-BMI model. QEPS-BMI was modified by the same WHF. Longitudinal measurements from GrowUp1990Gothenburg were used to create weight references aligned for height at pubertal onset, defined as 5% of the specific pubertal growth (AgeP5). GrowUp1974Gothenburg subgroups based on pubertal timing, stature at pubertal onset, and childhood body composition were assessed using the novel references. We then have the opportunity to look at individual growth patterns aligned for the individual timing for both height, weight and BMI. 4 individuals (2 girls) were used to show the usefulness of the puberty aligned references in comparison with traditional references based on just chronological age.

Results: The new knowledge concerning individual variations due to the variation of pubertal timing and the impact of BMI and stature to these variations makes it possible to show individual growth patterns. Growth patterns aligned for the individual timing for both height, weight, and BMI as shown for 4 different individuals of both sexes with variations from the mean pubertal maturation as well as variations in mean stature and BMI. The results are compared with the traditional way of just relating height, weight, and BMI to chronological age.

Conclusions: Novel pubertal height, weight, and BMI references consider individual variations in pubertal timing. These references will improve growth monitoring, especially for children with chronical diseases and overweight, obesity or underweight. Puberty aligned growth references may be a practical tool for making personalized medicine in paediatric endocrinology possible as demonstrated at ESPE 2022 meeting.

Volume 95

60th Annual ESPE (ESPE 2022)

Rome, Italy
15 Sep 2022 - 17 Sep 2022

European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology 

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