hrp0092fc11.6 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty Session 2 | ESPE2019

Pubertal Timing in Parents is Associated with Timing of Pubertal Milestones in Offspring of Concordant Sex – but Only Inconsistently with Milestones in Offspring of Discordant Sex

Busch Alexander S , Hagen Casper P , Juul Anders

Context: Puberty timing is highly heritable. Recent genome-wide association studies, comparing timing of menarche in girls to timing of voice-break and facial hair in boys, revealed a largely overlapping genetic architecture of female and male pubertal timing. However, it is also known that genetic heterogeneity between sexes exists for some loci.Objectives: We hypothesized that self-reported relative parental pubertal t...

hrp0086rfc12.8 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

Circulating MKRN3 Levels Decline During Puberty in Healthy Boys

Busch Alexander S. , Hagen Casper P. , Almstrup Kristian , Juul Anders

Background: Initiation and progression of puberty requires concerted action of activating and inhibiting factors. Recently, cases of central precocious puberty have been linked to loss-of-function mutations of makorin RING-finger protein 3 (MKRN3) indicating a pivotal inhibitory role of MKRN3 on GnRH secretion.Objective and hypotheses: To investigate peripubertal circulating MKRN3 levels in healthy boys.Method: Healthy boys (n<...

hrp0084p1-116 | Puberty | ESPE2015

FSHB/FSHR Genetic Variants alter Serum FSH Levels and Prepubertal Ovarian Follicular Growth in Healthy Girls

Busch Alexander S , Hagen Casper P , Almstrup Kristian , Main Katharina M , Juul Anders

Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to genes encoding the FSH╬▓ subunit and FSH receptor (FSHB/FSHR) affect FSH production (FSHB c.-211G>T) and receptor sensitivity/expression in vitro (FSHR c.2039A>G & FSHR c.-29G>A). FSHR c.2039A>G, but not FSHR c.-29G>A, is associated with increased FSH levels in adult women, while there are conflicting results on F...

hrp0092fc14.2 | GH and IGF2 | ESPE2019

Pubertal Onset in 1572 Girls with Short, Normal and Tall Stature: Associations to Height, Serum IGF-I and PAPP-A2 Genotypes

Upners Emmie N , Busch Alexander S. , Almstrup Kristian , Petersen Jørgen Holm , Main Katharina , Jensen Rikke Beck , Juul Anders

Background: Sexual maturation is closely linked to growth, suggesting common pathways between the reproductive development and the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-I (GH/IGF-I) axis. IGF-I bioavailability is regulated by Pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), Pregnancy associated plasma protein-A2 (PAPP-A2) and Stanniocalcin 2 (STC2). A large genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified PAPP-A, PAPP-A2 and STC2 to represent loci strongly a...

hrp0086fc12.6 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

Pubertal Onset in Boys is Influenced by BMI and Genetic Variation of Fshb and Fshr: A Study in Two Population-Based Cohorts of Different Genetic Ancestry

Busch Alexander S. , Hagen Casper P. , Main Katharina M. , Almstrup Kristian , Pereira Anita , Corvalan Camila , Mericq Veronica , Juul Anders

Background: Age at onset of puberty exhibits a remarkable variation mirroring nutritional, environmental, socioeconomic and genetic factors. While large genome-wide association studies identified more than hundred genetic loci associated with age at menarche in girls, knowledge on loci associated with age at pubertal onset in boys is sparse. FSHB/FSHR genetic variants have been shown to affect pubertal timing in girls and reproductive parameters in men.<p class="a...

hrp0095fc6.1 | Sex Development and Gonads | ESPE2022

AMH levels in infancy and mid-childhood predict ovarian activity in adolescence: a longitudinal study of healthy girls

Bistrup Fischer Margit , Hagen Casper P. , Wohlfahrt-Veje Christine , Assens Maria , Busch Alexander S. , Tønnes Petersen Anette , Juul Anders , Main Katharina M.

Background: Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced by granulosa cells in small follicles prior to gonadotropin dependent growth and serum levels reflect the number of small antral follicles. There are currently no longitudinal data of individual AMH levels from infancy to adolescence.Aim: To evaluate whether AMH in infancy and childhood is associated with AMH levels and ovarian morphology peripubertal and in adole...

hrp0094fc9.5 | Growth Hormone and IGFs | ESPE2021

Dynamic Changes in Growth and IGF-I During the First Year of Life; A Longitudinal Study of 233 healthy Danish Infants

Upners Emmie N. , Ljubicic Marie L , Busch Alexander S , Fischer Margit B , Almstrup Kristian , Petersen Jorgen H , Jensen Rikke B , Hagen Casper P , Juul Anders ,

Background: Growth during infancy is a continuation of the rapid fetal growth and its regulation is complex and multifactorial. It is well-established that insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and its regulators (e.g. IGF binding proteins (IGFBP-3) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A2 (PAPP-A2)) are important for prenatal and postnatal growth; however, their significance for growth during infancy is not fully explored.Aims: The aim...

hrp0089rfc8.4 | Sex Differentiation, Gonads and Gynaecology or Sex Endocrinology | ESPE2018

Establishing Age, Sex, and Method Related Reference Ranges for Anogenital Distance - a Marker of In Utero Androgen Action

Ljubicic Marie Lindhardt , Thankamony Ajay , Acerini Carlo , Jensen Tina Kold , Main Katharina M , Petersen Jorgen Holm , Busch Alexander S , Upners Emmie , Hagen Casper P , Swan Shanna H , Juul Anders

Background: Anogenital distance (AGD) is an indicator of androgen action in utero. Reduced AGD has been found in males with hypospadias, cryptorchidism, low semen quality and infertility. Its usefulness as a clinical marker in patients with Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) is currently being investigated. However, detailed age, sex and method related reference ranges do not exist. Whether individual (body-size-adjusted) AGD is stable postnatally also remains to be e...