hrp0086rfc4.3 | Pathophysiology of Obesity | ESPE2016

Early Growth Patterns are Associated with Alterations in Adipocytokine Levels and Fat Distribution Measured by DXA in 982 Children/Adolescents

Tinggaard Jeanette , Thankamony Ajay , Jensen Rikke B , Main Katharina M , Juul Anders

Background: Early growth trajectories are associated with childhood BMI and fat distribution as well as adulthood type 2 diabetes. Mechanisms by which early growth determines later adiposity remain unclear, but the effect may be mediated through adipocytokines.Objective and hypotheses: We describe the association between infant growth, adolescent fat distribution and serum adipocytokines. We hypothesize that poor or rapid early growth is associated with ...

hrp0084fc14.6 | Puberty | ESPE2015

An Evaluation of Glandular Breast Tissue Development and Volume by MRI in 121 Healthy Peripubertal Girls

Fugl Louise , Hagen Casper , Mieritz Mikkel , Tinggaard Jeanette , Fallentin Eva , Main Katharina , Juul Anders

Background: Since the late 1960’s, pubertal breast staging has been based on Tanner’s classification. Appearance of glandular breast tissue may be difficult to distinguish by palpation from the surrounding subcutaneous fat tissue, especially in obese girls. To our knowledge, validation of the clinical assessment of pubertal stages by MRI quantification of glandular breast tissue has never been performed.Objective and hypotheses: i) To report no...

hrp0082fc6.5 | Gonads & DSD | ESPE2014

Serum Levels of AMH Reflect Ovarian Morphology by MRI in 109 Healthy Peripubertal Girls

Hagen Casper P , Mouritsen Annette , Mieritz Mikkel G , Tinggaard Jeanette , Wohlfart-Veje Christine , Fallentin Eva , Anderson Richard A , Main Katharina M , Juul Anders

Background: In adult women, serum levels of AMH reflect both the number of small growing follicles and remaining primordial follicles. AMH levels range 15 fold between healthy girls. Interpretation of AMH is contentious due to minor intra-individual changes around time of pubertal onset despite continuous loss of primordial follicles.Objective and Hypotheses: To describe ovarian morphology (volume, follicles) in healthy girls and adolescents in relation ...

hrp0082p2-d3-395 | Fat Metabolism & Obesity (2) | ESPE2014

Body Composition in 10–15 Years Old Children Exposed to Pesticides Prenatally

Tinggaard Jeanette , Wohlfahrt-Veje Christine , Schmidt Ida M , Boas Malene , Husby Steffen , Main Katharina M , Skakkebaek Niels E , Jensen Tina K , Andersen Helle R

Background: Exposure to non-persistent pesticides may have an effect on prenatal growth and later risk of adiposity. Prenatal pesticide exposure has been found to be associated with lower birth weight and higher body fat percentage calculated from skinfolds at age 6–11 years. Body composition measured by using DXA in children prenatally exposed to pesticides has not previously been reported.Objective and hypotheses: To study the effects of prenatal ...

hrp0084p2-330 | Fat | ESPE2015

Abdominal fat Distribution Measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging in 197 Children Aged 10–15 Years – Correlation to Anthropometry and Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry

Tinggaard Jeanette , Hagen Casper P , Mouritsen Annette , Mieritz Mikkel G , Wohlfahrt-Veje Christine , Fallentin Eva , Larsen Rasmus , Christensen Anders N , Jensen Rikke B , Juul Anders , Main Katharina

Background: Obesity in childhood is defined by age- and sex-specific BMI cut-off values. However, BMI does not disclose the distribution of fat mass. Increased abdominal adipose tissue is associated with a higher risk of cardio-metabolic disease in adulthood. Thus, precise measurements of abdominal adipose tissue in children may enable early prevention of disease.Objective and hypotheses: To validate measurements of abdominal adipose tissue by anthropome...

hrp0082ha2 | Pubertal onset in girls is strongly influenced by genetic variation in promoters affecting FSH action | ESPE2014

Pubertal Onset in Girls is Strongly Influenced by Genetic Variation in Promoters Affecting FSH Action

Hagen Casper P , Sorensen Kaspar , Aksglaede Lise , Mouritsen Annette , Mieritz Mikkel G , Tinggaard Jeanette , Wohlfart-Veje Christine , Petersen Jorgen H , Main Katharina M , Meyts Ewa Rajpert-De , Almstrup Kristian , Juul Anders

Background: FSH stimulates ovarian follicle maturation and estradiol synthesis which is responsible for breast development. Age at pubertal onset varies substantially among healthy girls. Although more than half of the variation is heritable, only a small part has been attributed to specific genetic polymorphisms identified so far.Objective and Hypotheses: We assessed the effect on pubertal onset of three genetic polymorphisms affecting FSH action.<p...