Background: Adolescent obesity constitutes a phenomenon with epidemic prevalence in a worldwide context. Increased rates of metabolic syndrome represent a consequence of this epidemic, leading to high risk for chronic diseases in adolescence. The study herein, presents the primary outcomes of a school-based intervention trial regarding the control of the metabolic syndrome among adolescents of Northern Greece.
Aims and objectives: To investigate the prevalence rates of the metabolic syndrome.
Methods: A total of 424 adolescents, aged 14.10±1.78 years were recruited. Anthropometric values were recorded. All participants underwent a school-based laboratory investigation including glucose cholesterol and triglyceride levels and body composition determination, via telematic health care devices.
Results: In the total sample (59% girls), BMI was 21.82±3.25 kg/m2 while waist circumference was 78.78±9.29 cm. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure were 121.21±11.89 and 73.88±10.54 mmHg respectively. Mean cholesterol levels were 172.42±27.48 mg/dl, triglycerides levels 88.07±40.15 mg/dl and glucose levels 100.89±15.11 mg/dl. After examining the components of the metabolic syndrome in adolescents according to IDF, 24.4% of the sample presented abdominal obesity. Hyperglycemia was found in 52.2% of the sample, hypercholesterolemia in 15% and elevated triglycerides in 6.3% of adolescents. Increased SBP presented the 22% of participants, while increased DBP was apparent in 11.7% of them. Finally, almost one out of six adolescents (15.9%) presented metabolic syndrome.
Conclusions: A significant proportion of the Greek adolescent population fulfills the criteria of the metabolic syndrome or presents abnormal value to one of its components. Implementation of prevention and intervention strategies are considered as priority actions.
Funding: Integrated System for Promotion and Education of Health of the Municipality of Ampelokipoi-Menemeni to combat obesity and eating disorders in adolescents ESPA European Community fund.
01 Oct 2015 - 03 Oct 2015