ESPE Abstracts (2015) 84 P-3-900

Predicting Early Cardiovascular Risk in Obese Children Based on Anthropometry

Claudia Cipollone, Alessandra Piccorossi, Annarita Antenucci, Carla Greco, Stefania Lasorella & Giovanni Farello


Pediatric Clinic – University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy


Background: Early predictors of cardiovascular risk using anthropometric and laboratory variables available in the general practice in obese children are poorly identified.

Objective and hypotheses: To identify best predictors of early cardiovascular risk in obese children between anthropometric and laboratory parameters.

Method: Cardiovascular risk was determined by measuring intima-media thickness of the right common carotid artery (cIMT) in 43 severely obese children aged 5.10–16.11 years.

Anthropometric and laboratory parameters were also measured in all subjects. Multiple linear regression was used to identify which of the anthropometric or laboratory parameters contribute more to the determination of cardiovascular risk, valued with cIMT. A P-value<0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: The analysis shows a statistically significant correlation between cIMT and anthropometric parameters: waist circumference and hip circumference.

Table 1
Dependent variableIndependent variableP-value
CIMTWaist circumference0.0012
Hip circumference0.0124
F-ratio=7.26; P-value=0.0026

Conclusion: The easy and non-invasive measurement of waist and hip circumferences may help paediatricians to estimate early cardiovascular risk in obese children in the clinical practice.

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