ESPE Abstracts (2021) 94 P1-61

ESPE2021 ePoster Category 1 Diabetes B (10 abstracts)

Timing of Hypoglycaemia in Patients with Hyperinsulinism (HI): Extension of the Digital Phenotype

Chris Worth 1,2 , Simon Harper 2 , Maria Salomon-Estebanez 1 , Elaine O’Shea 1 , Paul Nutter 2 , Mark J Dunne 2 & Indraneel Banerjee 1,2

1Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom; 2University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Background: Hyperinsulinism (HI) due to excess and dysregulated insulin secretion is the most common cause of severe and recurrent hypoglycaemia in childhood. High cerebral glucose utilisation in the early hours results in high risk of hypoglycaemia for people with diabetes and carries a significant risk of brain injury. Prevention of hypoglycaemia is the cornerstone of management for HI but the risk of hypoglycaemia at night or indeed the timing of hypoglycaemia in children with HI have not been studied, and thus the digital phenotype remains incomplete and management suboptimal.

Objective: We aimed to quantify the timing of hypoglycaemia in patients with HI, to describe glycaemic variability and to extend the digital phenotype.

Methods: Patients underwent Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) with a Dexcom G4 or G6 CGM device as part of their clinical assessment for either HI (n = 23) or Idiopathic Ketotic Hypoglycaemia (IKH) (n = 24). CGM data was analysed for temporal trends. Hypoglycaemia was defined as glucose < 3.5 mmol/l.

Results: 449 hypoglycaemia events totalling 15,610 minutes were captured over a total of 237 days from 47 patients (29 male, mean age 70 months). Mean length of hypoglycaemia event was 35 minutes. There was a clear tendency to hypoglycaemia in the early hours (0300H to 0700H), particularly for those HI patients over 10 months of age where 7.6% of time in this period was spent in hypoglycaemia compared to 2.6% outside (P < .001). This tendency was less pronounced in HI patients under 10 months and those negative for genetic mutations as well as those patients with IKH. Despite real-time CGM, there were 42 hypoglycaemia events from 13 separate HI patients lasting > 30 minutes.

Conclusions: In this study, we have taken the first step in extending the digital phenotype of HI by describing the glycaemic trends and identifying the timings of hypoglycaemia measured by CGM. We have identified the early hours as a time of high hypoglycaemia risk for patients with HI and demonstrated that simple provision of CGM data to patients is not sufficient to eliminate hypoglycaemia. Future work in HI should concentrate on the early hours as a period of high risk for hypoglycaemia and must target personalised hypoglycaemia predictions. Focus must move to the human-computer interaction as an aspect of the digital phenotype that is susceptible to change rather than simple mathematical modelling to produce small improvements in hypoglycaemia prediction accuracy.

Volume 94

59th Annual ESPE (ESPE 2021 Online)

22 Sep 2021 - 26 Sep 2021

European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology 

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