ESPE2021 ePoster Category 2 Thyroid (46 abstracts)
Introduction: Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome (AHDS) is an X linked disorder – mutation of monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8) gene. It leads to a severe psychomotor retardation, significant hypotonia of the skeletal muscles, spastic or dystonic quadriplegia. MCT-8 is responsible for the uptake of T3 by neurons of CNS. AHDS is characterized by increased T3 concentration, increased T3 / T4 ratio, TSH not depressed, even slightly elevated levels. Because of impossibility for the T3 entrance into the neuronal cells, clinical features of hypothyroidism become evident early at a critical stage of neuro-cognitive development in newborn period. There are currently described 132 families with AHDS in the world. In peripheral tissues, T3 can be transported into the cell by alternative transporters, resulting in peripheral hyperthyroidism, manifested by tachycardia, hypertension, loss of muscle mass and weight, malnutrition. Currently no treatment is available to correct the peripheral thyrotoxicosis. The effectiveness of levothyroxine and/or antithyroid therapy is not proven. There is no any guideline for the management of these patients. Recently a paper was published by Groeneweg S. et al (2019) showing the effectiveness and safety of T3 analogue Triac in the phase 2 trial. Triac enters into the neuronal cells independently from MCT8 via an alternative channels, which serves as an exciting and uncommon opportunity potentially to improve the neurocognitive development.
Case report: A child was followed by neurologists from the newborn period due to neuro-developmental delay. Newborn screening of TSH was normal, later TSH and fT4 evaluation found subclinical hypothyroidism. Due to stable subclinical hypothyroidism treatment with levothyroxin was administered, which was ineffective and the treatment was stopped. Objective examination showed muscular weakness, scoliosis, global development delay, dystonic opened mouth, no contractures. The whole-exome-sequencing was performed by neurologists, which revealed a novel homozygous mutation (c.972G>A) in the SLC16A2/MCT8 gene. Last examination: bilateral esotropia, severe tetraparesis with contractures, neuro-developmental delay, no speech, weight - < 3‰, height - 25‰, head circumference - <3‰. Thyroid status:TSH-9.22 mUI/ml, FT4-8.83 pmol/l (NR=12.3-22.2), T3-6.04 nmol/l (NR=1.42-3.8). Symptoms of peripheral hyperthyroidism: tachycardia 115-197 b/min by Holter-monitoring.
Conclusion: Early diagnosis of AHDS by evaluating the whole thyroid profile and genetic testing gives an opportunity to avoid useless treatment and frequent hormonal tests in patients with neuro-developmental delays. With the Triac a new insight is suspected to have in a nearest future.
22 Sep 2021 - 26 Sep 2021